Goat Island (Hawaii)
|Native name: |
Aerial view of Goat Island
|Area||13 acres (5.3 ha)|
|Highest elevation||15 ft (4.6 m)|
Goat Island, also known as Mokuʻauia, is a flat islet consisting of lithified dunes in Laie Bay on the northeast shore of Oahu, Hawaii. The islet is separated from Malaekahana State Recreation Area by a 720 feet (220 m) channel of limestone reef shelf 1 metre (3.3 ft) underwater.
The islet is 13 acres (0.053 km2) in area with a maximum elevation of 15 feet (4.6 m).
The islet is a Hawaii State Seabird Sanctuary.
Wildlife and conservation efforts
The islet contains invasive species, including black rats, fire ants, and big headed ants. Black rats were first documented on the islet in 1967 with multiple eradication attempts in the 1990s and 2000s. The elimination of the rats resulted in increased wedge-tailed shearwater reproduction.
- "Predator Control and Eradication". Pacific Rim Conservation. Retrieved 2017-04-30.
- Kahawainui Stream, Island of Oahu, Harbors and Rivers in Hawaii, Environmental Impact Statement. 1983. p. 200.
- "Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 12-Month Finding on Five Petitions To List Seven Species of Hawaiian Yellow-faced Bees as Endangered" (PDF). Federal Register. Department of the Interior. 76 (172). 2011-09-06. Retrieved 2017-04-30.
- Marie, Amarisa; VanderWerf, Eric A.; Young, Lindsay C.; Smith, David G.; Eijzenga, Jakob; Lohr, Michael T. (2014-05-14). "Response of Wedge-tailed Shearwaters (Puffinus pacificus) to Eradication of Black Rats (Rattus rattus) from Mokuʻauia Island after Reinvasion". Pacific Science. 68 (8).
- Andrew Doughty (15 January 2015). Oahu Revealed: The Ultimate Guide To Honolulu, Waikiki & Beyond. Wizard Publications, Incorporated. ISBN 978-0-9838887-9-6.
- Richard McMahon (January 2003). Adventuring in Hawai'i. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 237–. ISBN 978-0-8248-2693-2.
- "Hawaiʻi Conservation Conference, Part II: Islet Restoration in Hawaiʻi, Marianas". Retrieved 2017-04-30.
- Sharon Hamblin (1 February 2011). Oahu's North Shore. Hunter Publishing, Inc. p. 103. ISBN 978-1-58843-996-3.