Goclenius (crater)

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Goclenius
As8-13-2225.jpg
Goclenius (bottom) and Magelhaens (center), from Apollo 8
Coordinates 10°00′S 45°00′E / 10.0°S 45.0°E / -10.0; 45.0Coordinates: 10°00′S 45°00′E / 10.0°S 45.0°E / -10.0; 45.0
Diameter 54 × 72 km
Depth 1.5 km
Colongitude 315° at sunrise
Eponym Rudolf Goclenius, Jr.
Apollo 16 image
Oblique view from Apollo 11

Goclenius is a lunar crater that is located near the west edge of Mare Fecunditatis. It lies to the southeast of the lava-flooded crater Gutenberg, and north of Magelhaens. To the northwest is a parallel rille system that follow a course toward the northwest, running for a length of up to 240 kilometers. This feature is named the Rimae Goclenius.

The rim of this crater is worn, distorted and irregular, having a somewhat egg-like outline. The crater floor has been covered in lava, and a rille cuts across the floor towards the northwest, in the same direction as the other members of the Rimae Goclenius. A similar rille lies across the floor of Gutenberg, and it is likely that these features were all formed at the same time, after the original craters were created.

There is a low central rise located to the northwest of the crater's midpoint.

Satellite craters[edit]

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Goclenius.

Goclenius Latitude Longitude Diameter
B 9.2° S 44.4° E 7 km
U 9.3° S 50.1° E 22 km

The following craters have been renamed by the IAU.

References[edit]