God Created the Integers

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God Created the Integers
God Created the Integers.jpeg
Cover of the first edition
AuthorStephen Hawking
PublisherRunning Press
Publication date
2005 (first edition)
2007 (second edition)
Media typePrint
ISBN9780762419227 (first edition)
9780762430048 (second edition)
Preceded byA Briefer History of Time 
Followed byThe Grand Design 

God Created the Integers: The Mathematical Breakthroughs That Changed History is a 2005 anthology, edited by Stephen Hawking, of "excerpts from thirty-one of the most important works in the history of mathematics."[1]

The title of the book is a reference to a quotation attributed to mathematician Leopold Kronecker, who once wrote that "God made the integers; all else is the work of man."[2]


The works are grouped by author and ordered chronologically. Each section is prefaced by notes on the mathematician's life and work. The anthology includes works by the following mathematicians:

Selections from the works of Euler, Bolyai, Lobachevsky and Galois, which are included in the second edition of the book (published in 2007), were not included in the first edition.


  • Hawking, Stephen (2005). God Created the Integers: The Mathematical Breakthroughs That Changed History. Running Press Book Publishers. pp. 1160 (Hardback). ISBN 0-7624-1922-9.


  1. ^ Stephen Hawking, 2005. God Created the Integers. p. xi.
  2. ^ Eric Temple Bell, 1986. Men of Mathematics, Simon and Schuster, New York. p. 477