Godavari-class frigate

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INS Godavari (F20)
INS Godavari
Class overview
Name: Godavari class
Builders: Mazagon Dock Limited
Operators:  Indian Navy
Preceded by: Nilgiri class
Succeeded by: Brahmaputra class
In commission: 1983 – present
Planned: 3
Completed: 3
Active: 2
Retired: 1
General characteristics
Type: Guided-missile frigate
Displacement:
  • Standard:3,600 tonnes
  • Full load: 3,850 tonnes
Length: 126.4 m (414 ft 8 in)
Beam: 14.5 m (47 ft 7 in)
Draught: 4.5 m (14 ft 9 in)
Propulsion: 2 × 30,000 hp (22,400 kW) steam turbines
Speed: 27 knots (50 km/h)
Range: 4,500 nmi (8,300 km) at 12 knots (22 km/h)
Complement: 313 (incl. 40 officers, 13 air crew)
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Radar
  • 1 Signaal air search radar
  • MR-310U Angara air/surface
  • 2 Signaal ZW06 or Don Kay navigation radars
  • MR-103 GFCS Fire Control radar
  • EL/M-2221 STGR Fire control radar (Barak SAM)
  • MPZ-310 radar (SS-N-4 SAM)
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
  • Selenia INS-3 (Bharat Ajanta and Elettronica TQN-2) used for ESM/ECM
  • Decoys
  • 2 × chaff/flare launchers
  • 1 × Graesby G738 towed torpedo decoy
Armament:
  • 4 × SS-N-2D Styx AShM
  • 24 × Barak SAM (3 × 8 cell VLS units)
  • 1 × AK-725 twin-barreled 57 mm gun
  • 4 × AK-630 6-barreled 30 mm gatling
  • 2 × triple 324 mm (12.8 in) tubes (Whitehead A 244S or Indian NST 58 torpedoes)
Aircraft carried: 2 × Sea King, HAL Dhruv or HAL Chetak helicopters

The Godavari-class frigates (formerly Type 16 or Project 16 frigates) are guided-missile frigates of the Indian Navy. The Godavari class was the first significant indigenous warship design and development initiative of the Indian Navy. Its design is a modification of the Nilgiri class with a focus on indigenous content of 72%, a larger hull and updated armaments.

Two ships of this class currently serve in the Indian Navy. The class and the lead ship, INS Godavari are named after the Godavari River. Subsequent ships in the class, INS Ganga and INS Gomati also take their names from Indian rivers.

INS Gomati was the first Indian Navy vessel to have digital electronics in her combat data system. The ships combine Indian, Russian and Western weapons systems.[1]

History[edit]

The concept for the Godavari class originated from the lessons learnt in the Indo-Pakistan War of 1971. There was a need for a ship unique to Indian requirements, for deploying a hybrid of indigenously-designed, as well as Russian and European weapons systems.

One of the requirements was to deploy two Sea King helicopters from the ship. The Nilgiri-class vessels were too small for this requirement. The final design incorporated a larger hull in order to accommodate this.[2] INS Godavari was decommissioned on 23 December 2015, and her Barak 1 surface-to-air missile will be installed on the flagship INS Vikramaditya.[3][4]

Design[edit]

Although the Directorate of Marine Engineering suggested replacing steam propulsion with gas turbines, it was decided not to do so, since Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited had made heavy investments in facilities and tooling for design of steam turbines and auxiliary systems.[2]

For armaments, the missile and gun package of the Soviet Nanuchka-class corvette was installed on the frigate.

The keel of the lead ship INS Godavari was laid in 1977 at Mazagon Dock Limited in Bombay. She was commissioned in December 1983.

Ships of the class[edit]

Name Pennant Builder Homeport Commissioned Decommissioned Comments
Godavari F20 Mazagon Dock Ltd. Visakhapatnam 10 December 1983 23 December 2015
Ganga F22 Mazagon Dock Ltd. Visakhapatnam 30 December 1985 Scheduled to be decommissioned
Gomati F21 Mazagon Dock Ltd. Visakhapatnam 16 April 1988 Scheduled to be decommissioned

Upgrades[edit]

All three ships later underwent an extensive upgrade of weapons and sensors. These include the fitment of the Israeli Barak SAM system, and a new fire control system based on the EL/M-2221 STGR. The P-20 missiles have been retained for now.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Godavari (Type 16) Class". Bharat-Rakshak.com. Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "F 20 Godavari Class". globalsecurity.org. 9 July 2011. Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  3. ^ "Vikramaditya to be fitted with Barak missiles". http://www.tribuneindia.com/. 21 Apr 2015. Retrieved 16 April 2015.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  4. ^ "INS Godavari sets sail into the sunset after three decades". Times of India. 21 December 2015. Retrieved 22 December 2015.