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|Elevation||87 m (285 ft)|
|• Density||497/km2 (1,290/sq mi)|
|• Official||Hindi, Santhali|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||JH17 ? / [ BR36 ? (Discontinued )]|
Godda is located at  It has an average elevation of 77 metres (252 feet). Godda came into existence as the 55th district of undivided Bihar on 25 May 1983. After the bifurcation of Bihar into Jharkhand state on 15 November 2000, it was one of 18 districts of Jharkhand. National Highway 133 (NH-133) passes through the city of Godda..
As of 2011[update] India census, Godda had a population of 1,311,382. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Godda has an average literacy rate of 57.68%, lower than the national average of 74.4%: male literacy is 69.56%, and female literacy is 44.90%. In Godda, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The parliamentary constituency is Godda. The assembly constituencies are Madhupur, Jarmundi, Poraiyahat, Mahagama, Godda and Deoghar. Godda was in Dumka Parliamentary constituency in 1957.
Godda was a part of undivided Santhal Pargana district until 1981 census. Later, the old Godda sub-division of Santhal Pargana was separated and formed as a new district. As a consequence of the Santhal rebellion of 1845-55 the district of Santhal Paragna was created from portions of Bhagalpur and Birbhum. Godda district at present comprises eight Blocks: Meherma, Mahagama, Boarijor, Pathargama, Godda, Sundurpahari, Poraiyahat, Basantarai and Thakur Gangati. Godda is the only town in the district. There are 2311 villages within the district.
Godda district is devoid of any railway track. Many villages are still deprived of electricity and people suffer from lack of water for farming. Most of the inhabitants are farmers.
Rice, wheat and maize are the main crops grown in the district, along with vegetables, linseed and khesari. Fruits like mango, banana, jack fruit, plum grow in this district.
Coal is mined extensively across the entire district with Lalmatia Colliery having the reputation for the largest open coal mine in Asia. There are no artificial irrigation facilities like dams, tunnel, tube wells. Several floods and droughts have occurred during the last decade. Adani Power is going to set up a thermal power plant in the godda poreyahat region of Godda. The central government has allotted coal blocks for this thermal power plant to be set up. Jindal Steel and Power Limited has set up a power plant having a capacity of 1400 megawatt(around) at Nipaniya about 10 km from godda city.
- Bhagwat Jha Azad: Former chief minister of Bihar.
- Rameshwar Thakur: Former Governor of Madhya Pradesh
- Nishikant Dubey: M.P, Godda
- Amit Mandal: Former MLA, Godda
- Pradeep Yadav: MLA, Poreyahat
- Ashok Bhagat: MLA, Mahagama