Godfrey I, Count of Verdun

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Godfrey I, Count of Verdun
Died1002
Noble familyHouse of Ardennes-Verdun
Spouse(s)Matilda Billung of Saxony
FatherGozlin, Count of Bidgau and Methingau
MotherOda of Metz

Godfrey I (died 1002), called the Prisoner or the Captive[1] (le Captif), sometimes the Old (le Vieux), was the count of Bidgau and Methingau from 959 and the count of Verdun from 963 to his death. In 969, he obtained the Margraviate of Antwerp and Ename. Between 974 and 998, he was also the count of Hainault and Mons.He was the son of Gozlin, Count of Bidgau and Methingau, and Oda of Metz.[2] He was the brother of Adalberon, Archbishop of Reims, who crowned Hugh Capet the king of France.

He was the founder of the House of Ardennes-Verdun, a cadet branch of the House of Ardennes. He was always loyal to the Ottonians, whom he was related through his maternal grandmother.

Life[edit]

He appears as the new count of Verdun in 963, though already count of Bidgau and Methingau through inheritance since 959. In 974, he became count of Mons, and Hainault jointly with Arnold, Count of Valenciennes, after the fall of Reginar IV. Charles, Duke of Lower Lorraine, was a supporter of Reginar and defeated Godfrey and Arnold at Mons in 976, where the former was captured.

After his release, he was at the side of the Emperor Otto II fighting Lothair of France at Verdun in 985, but he was again taken captive, along with his son Frederick, and held several years.[3][4] He was released in 987 by Hugh Capet, whose political ally Godfrey's family was: Adalberon, Godfrey's brother,[5] having crowned Hugh and Godfrey being an enemy of Charles of Lower Lorraine, Hugh's Carolingian rival.[5]

In 989, he was made prisoner a third time by Herbert III of Vermandois. He was liberated before 995, when he appears at the synod of Mousson. In 998, he lost his Hainault portion (the county of Mons) to Reginar.

Family[edit]

In 963, he married Matilda, daughter of Herman, Duke of Saxony, of the Billung family, a widow of Baldwin III of Flanders.[6] He had the following issue:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Murray 2000, p. 6.
  2. ^ Reuter 1978, p. 234.
  3. ^ McKitterick 1999, p. 327.
  4. ^ Murray 2000, p. 7.
  5. ^ a b Bradbury 2007, p. 72.
  6. ^ Tanner 1991, p. 254.
  7. ^ a b c Healy 2006, p. 36.
  8. ^ Healy 2006, p. 30.

References[edit]

  • Bradbury, Jim (2007). The Capetians: Kings of France, 987-1328. Hambledon Continuum.
  • Healy, Patrick (2006). The Chronicle of Hugh of Flavigny: Reform and the Investiture Contest in the Late Eleventh Century. Ashgate Publishing Limited.
  • McKitterick, Rosamond (1999). The Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians. Longman Group UK Limited.
  • Murray, Alan V. (2000). The Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: A Dynastic History 1099-1125. Oxford University Press.
  • Reuter, Timothy (1978). Medieval Nobility: Studies on the Ruling Classes of France and Germany from the Sixth to the Twelfth Century. Elsevier Science Ltd.
  • Tanner, Heather J. (1991). Chibnall, Marjorie (ed.). "The Expansion of the Power and Influence of the Counts of Boulogne under Eustace II". Anglo-Norman Studies:XIV. Proceedings of the Battle Conference. The Boydell Press.


Godfrey I, Count of Verdun
 Died: 1002
Preceded by
Reginar IV
Count of Mons
974–998
Succeeded by
Reginar IV
Preceded by
title created
Margrave of Antwerp
969–1002
Succeeded by
Gothelo I the Great