Godhra

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Godhra
City
Nickname(s): Land of Cows
Godhra is located in Gujarat
Godhra
Godhra
Coordinates: 22°46′38″N 73°37′13″E / 22.777266°N 73.620253°E / 22.777266; 73.620253Coordinates: 22°46′38″N 73°37′13″E / 22.777266°N 73.620253°E / 22.777266; 73.620253
Country  India
State Gujarat
District Panchmahal
Named for Cows
Elevation 73 m (240 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 161,925
Languages
 • Spoken Gujarati, Hindi
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi and English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 389001
Telephone code 02672
Vehicle registration GJ-17
Sex ratio 935/1000 /
Literacy rate 87.51 %
Website godhracity.com

Godhra is a Municipality in Panchmahal district in Indian state of Gujarat. It is the administrative headquarters of the Panchmahal district. Originally the name came from gou which means "cow" and dhara which has two meanings: one in Sanskrit which means "hold" or "land" and the other in Hindi which means "flow": It means the Land of the Cow.

Godhra is widely known in India and internationally for being the starting point of the 2002 Gujarat violence. Statewide religious riots between Hindus and Muslims began after the Godhra train burning incident near the Godhra railway station on 27 February 2002, where about 100 Hindu pilgrims were burnt alive by Muslims.[1]

Religious importance[edit]

Godhra is one of the religious places in the India which has four bethaks (temples) for Vaishnav Sampraday. There are two main seats of Lord Gokulnathji and one each for Lord Gusaiji and Lord Mahaprabhuji. Godhra is the only city in India that has all three seats (or bhaitaks) of the Mahaprabhuji, Gusianji, and Gokulnathji.

Godhra has three beautiful Jain temples. The main idol (or Mul Nayak) in the Jain Temple is of Tirthankar Bhagawan Shantinath.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Godhra had a population of 121,852. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Godhra has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79.5%, and female literacy is 64.5%.

Religions in Godhra
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
85%
Muslims
  
12%
Jains
  
3.4%
Others†
  
1.6%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Education[edit]

Godhra is an educated city. It has an average literacy rate of 87.51%, higher than the national average of 59.5%

Schools[edit]

  • New Era High School (Primary Section is Dr. Chamanlal Mehta Primary School)
  • M & M Mehta High School (Primary Section is Anaj Mahajan Primary School)
  • Nalanda School
  • St. Arnolds High School
  • Sharda Mandir (T. C. Soni)
  • Sri Sri Ravishankar Vidyamandir(CBSE)
  • Rotary English Medium School
  • Jay Jalaram International High School, Parvadi
  • Telang Vanijya High School
  • Nityam International School (Nityam Vidhya Vihar School, Kangaroo Pa Pa Pagli School)
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya, Godhra (CBSE)
  • The Iqbal Union High School
  • The Iqbal Girls High School
  • Meccab Memorial High School
  • The Saifee Jamali English High School
  • Acharya Narendradev Girls High School
  • Unnati Vidhyalay
  • Navrachna High School etc...

Colleges[edit]

There are several colleges in Godhra for various studies, like

  • Sheth P. T. Arts & Science College, Godhra
  • Commerce College, Godhra
  • Shamlaji Homeopathic College, Vavdi
  • Shree Ghantakarna Mahaveer Physiotherapy College, Vavdi
  • General Nursing School, General Hospital
  • Government Engineering College, Chhabanpur
  • Government Politechnic College, Godhra
  • Industrial Training Institute (ITI), Godhra

History[edit]

Godhra means the land of cows. In mythological terms it can be called as land which is used for the grazing of cow. Cows used to come here from Pavagadh for grazing.

A bronze of Lord Rishabhanath of AD 975 found at Akota mentions Gohadra kula, i.e., the school of Jain monks at Gohadra.[3] The historical name of Godhra is "Godhrahk", which was established by Parmar king named Dhudhul Mandalik in A.D. 1415. Five hundred years ago, the respectable Saint Shrimad Vallabhacharya in his morning ritual speech gave the example of his dream city. He explained how the city which was seen in dream by her daughter was handed over by a Muslim resident to a Hindu family.

Famous residents[edit]

Landscape[edit]

Mesri River, Ramsagar Lake, Naheru Garden and in far east Kanelav Lake represents nature's beauty.

References[edit]

See also[edit]