Godstow Lock

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Godstow Lock
Godstow Lock - geograph.org.uk - 27736.jpg
Waterway River Thames
County Oxfordshire
Maintained by Environment Agency
Operation hydraulic
First built 1790
Latest built 1924
Length 33.52 m (110 ft 0 in) [1]
Width 4.95 m (16 ft 3 in)[1]
Fall 1.57 m (5 ft 2 in)[1]
Above sea level 190'
Distance to
Teddington Lock
96 miles


Godstow Lock
River Thames
Eynsham Lock & weir
Wharf Stream
River Evenlode
Seacourt Stream
Oxford Canal
Dukes Lock(on Dukes Cut)
railway bridge
A40 road bridge
King's Lock
weir
weir and old mill
A34 road bridges
Godstow Road bridges
weir
weir
Godstow Lock
Seacourt Stream(To Osney Lock)
River Thames

Godstow Lock is a lock on the River Thames in Oxfordshire, England. It is between the villages of Wolvercote and Wytham on the outskirts of Oxford. The first lock was built of stone by Daniel Harris for the Thames Navigation Commission in 1790.[2] It is the lock furthest upstream on the river which has mechanical (electro-hydraulic) operation.

The main weir is a short way upstream but there is another weir at Godstow Bridge just above the Trout Inn. These feed into a backwater (Wolvercote Mill Stream) which has come from above King's Lock by Wolvercote.

History[edit]

Prior to the construction of the lock, Godstow Bridge served as a form of lock, which remained in service for some time after the construction of Godstow Lock in 1790. After the lock was constructed there were complaints about the raising of the water levels and the effect this had on the meadows upstream at Pixey Mead. After some years of dilapidation, the lock underwent major repair in 1872. River users would often avoid the lock by navigating up the stream past Wolvecote. The lock house was built around 1896 on condition that it sold no refreshments to protect the interests of The Trout Inn. Previously the lock-keeper had lived on a houseboat.[3] The lock was last rebuilt in 1924.

Access to the lock[edit]

The lock is a short way from Godstow Bridge and can be reached on foot from there.

Reach above the lock[edit]

Beside the lock at Godstow are the ruins of Godstow Nunnery. Above the lock, the river is crossed by Godstow Bridge and the A34 Road Bridge carrying the Oxford By-pass. Upstream of Godstow the river becomes narrower and more winding as it passes Pixey Mead.

The Thames Path continues on the western side to King's Lock.

Literature and the media[edit]

In the meadows near the lock, an Oxford mathematics tutor Charles Lutwidge Dodgson used to have picnics with his friend Dean Henry Liddell and his daughters Lorina, Alice and Edith. Here he made up a story which began

Alice was beginning to get very tired of sitting by her sister on the bank and having nothing to do..... when suddenly a White Rabbit with pink eyes ran close by her...

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Davies, Mark; Robinson, Catherine (2003) [2001]. A Towpath Walk in Oxford. Oxford: Oxford Towpath Press. ISBN 0-9535593-1-9. 
  • Thacker, Fred. S. (1968) [1920]. The Thames Highway: Volume II Locks and Weirs. Newton Abbot: David and Charles. 

External links[edit]

Next lock upstream River Thames Next lock downstream
King's Lock
1.81 km (1.12 mi) [4]
Godstow Lock
Grid reference: SP485089
Osney Lock
3.87 km (2.40 mi)[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Environment Agency Dimensions of locks on the River Thames". web page. Environmental Agency. 8 November 2012. Retrieved 17 November 2012.  Dimensions given in metres
  2. ^ Davies & Robinson, 2003, page 94
  3. ^ Thacker, 1920/1968, page 101-103
  4. ^ a b "Environment Agency Distances between locks on the River Thames". web page. Environmental Agency. 8 November 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2012.  Distances given in km

Coordinates: 51°46′36″N 1°17′54″W / 51.77667°N 1.29843°W / 51.77667; -1.29843