Gogugyang of Goguryeo

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Gogugyang of Goguryeo
Hangul 고국양왕
Hanja 故國壤王
Revised Romanization Gogugyang-wang
McCune–Reischauer Kogugyang-wang
Birth name
Hangul 고이련, 이속, 어지지
Hanja 高伊連, 伊速, 於只支
Revised Romanization Go I-ryeon, Isok, Eojiji
McCune–Reischauer Ko Iryŏn, Isok, Ŏjiji
Monarchs of Korea
  1. King Chumo 37-19 BCE
  2. King Yuri 19 BCE-18 CE
  3. King Daemusin 18-44
  4. King Minjung 44-48
  5. King Mobon 48-53
  6. King Taejodae 53-146
  7. King Chadae 146-165
  8. King Sindae 165-179
  9. King Gogukcheon 179-197
  10. King Sansang 197-227
  11. King Dongcheon 227-248
  12. King Jungcheon 248-270
  13. King Seocheon 270-292
  14. King Bongsang 292-300
  15. King Micheon 300-331
  16. King Gogug-won 331-371
  17. King Sosurim 371-384
  18. King Gogug-yang 384-391
  19. King Gwanggaeto 391-413
  20. King Jangsu 413-490
  21. King Munja 491-519
  22. King Anjang 519-531
  23. King An-won 531-545
  24. King Yang-won 545-559
  25. King Pyeong-won 559-590
  26. King Yeong-yang 590-618
  27. King Yeong-nyu 618-642
  28. King Bojang 642-668

King Gogugyang of Goguryeo (died 391, r. 384–391)[1] was the 18th ruler of Goguryeo, the northernmost of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. During his reign, the balance of power among the Three Kingdoms began to shift, as Goguryeo attacked Baekje, and allied with Silla.

Background and rise to the throne[edit]

He was the son of the 16th king Gogugwon, who was killed by prince and future Baekje king Geungusu in the latter's assault on Pyongyang Castle. Gogugyang was also the younger brother of the 17th king Sosurim, and the father of the 19th king Gwanggaeto the Great.[2] Gogugyang rose to the throne when Sosurim died without a son.


In the second year of his reign, Gogukyang sent 40,000 troops to attack the Chinese state of Later Yan in the Liaodong Peninsula. The Goguryeo army captured Liaodong and Xuantu, and took 10,000 prisoners.

In 386, the prince Go Dam-deok, the later King Gwanggaeto the Great, was designated heir to the throne. It is said Dam-deok served his father in battlefields since he was teenager.

Goguryeo attacked the southern Korean kingdom of Baekje in 386, which returned the attacks in 389 and 390. In the spring of 391, Goguryeo signed a treaty of friendship with King Naemul of Silla, another of the Three Kingdoms, and received Naemul's nephew Kim Sil-seong as a hostage.[3]

Death and succession[edit]

He furthered the formal state adoption of Confucianism and Buddhism, building a national temple and repairing the ancestral shrine.[4] Especially, the ancestral shrine of Sajik-dan was constructed by incorporating Chinese-style rituals, while the temples of land and water were said to be constructed with a view to encouraging the commoners to have religious faith.[5]

He died in his eighth year on the throne, in the fifth lunar month of 391. He was given the posthumous name of Gogugyang.


  1. ^ Kim, Bushik (1145). Samguk Sagi (三國史記 卷第十八 髙句麗本紀 第六). Retrieved 1 February 2016.  故國壤王, 諱伊連 或云於只攴.校勘 015, 小獸林王之弟也. 小獸林王在位十四年薨, 無嗣, 弟伊連即位.
  2. ^ "King Gogukyang". KBS Radio. KBS. Retrieved 1 February 2016. 
  3. ^ Kim, Bushik (1145). Samguk Sagi (三國史記 卷第十八 髙句麗本紀 第六). Retrieved 1 February 2016. 
  4. ^ Jeon, Hotae (2007). Koguryŏ = Koguryo, the origin of Korean power & pride. Seoul: Tongbuga Yŏksa Chaedan. pp. 21–23. ISBN 9788991448834. 
  5. ^ Korean, Historical Survey Society (2007). Seoul : a field guide to history (English ed.). Paju: Dolbegae Publishers. p. 254. ISBN 9788971992890. 

See also[edit]

Gogugyang of Goguryeo
Died: 391
Regnal titles
Preceded by
King of Goguryeo
Succeeded by
Gwanggaeto the Great