Sometimes spelled Gohar Dasht Prison, it is also known as "Rajai Shahr", Rajaishahr, Raja’i Shahr, Reja’i Shahr, Rajayi Shahr, Rajaee Shahr, Rajaei Shahr or "Rajaï Shahr Prison", etc. and sometimes as Karadj or Karaj prison (but Qezel Hesar prison is also near Karaj). In Google Maps it is listed as "Rajai-Shahr Prison, Karaj, Tehran, Iran".
Political prisoners and prisoners of conscience tend to be sent to Ward 12 of Rajai Shahr.
Rajai Shahr is regarded as one of Iran's harshest jails because of its many reported cases of torture, rape and murder.
IRGC has solitary confinement cells in Rajai Shahr Prison.
During the 1980s, members of the liberal Marxist and socialist groups (mostly university students) and supporters of The People's Mujahedin of Iran who opposed the theocratic regime were imprisoned and many of them were executed. Mass executions of political prisoners, in particular in Gohardasht and in Evin, took place during the 1988 executions of Iranian political prisoners.
In June 2012, the organization Campaign to Free Political Prisoners in Iran raised a serious concern with EU Parliament representatives on the situation of political prisoners in Rajaee Shahr: ailing political prisoners are deprived from urgent medical attention, putting their life at risk.
Amnesty International spoke out against the prison's practice of blinding prisoners in eye for an eye justice in 2015.
Oct. 2016: Political prisoners protest against violations of their basic rights, causing various harms and health challenges and leading to their slow death. The quality of food has decreased recently to the point that many of the prisoners are suffering from malnutrition. On 7 October 2017, Gholam Reza Ziaei replaced Mr. Mardani as director of Gohardasht Prison.
- 1988 executions of Iranian political prisoners
- Tudeh Party of Iran: Suppression
- Persecution of Baháʼís
- Evin Prison
- Human rights in Iran#Notable prisons
- Judicial system of Iran#Prison system
- White torture#Iran
- Mahmoud Ahmadinejad#Human rights
- main (2015-07-15). "Farshid Fathi Transferred to Ward 12 of Rajai Shahr Prison". Hrana - News Agency. Retrieved 2019-05-21.
- Peters, Alan (2011-05-12). "ANTI-MULLAH: ISLAMIC IRAN HAVING TO BUILD NEW PRISONS TO ACCOMODATE [sic] RISING NUMBER OF ARRESTEES". ANTI-MULLAH. Retrieved 2019-05-21.
- Greenslade, Roy (2012-09-11). "Iran jails women journalists". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-05-21.
- "IDeath Row Sunni Prisoners Beaten by Prison Guards in Solitary Confinements". HRANA. 2 August 2016. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
- "Document". www.amnesty.org. Retrieved 2019-05-21.
- "MAJID TAVAKKOLI, IMPRISONED STUDENT LEADER". Amnesty International. Archived from the original on 11 April 2011. Retrieved 17 April 2011.
- "Campaign to Free Political Prisoners in Iran: CFPPI Meets with EU Parliament 18 June 2012". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 11 September 2012.
- "IRAN: DEATH OF TRADE UNIONIST MUST TRIGGER ACTION TO TACKLE APPALLING PRISON CONDITIONS". Amnesty International. 25 September 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2016.
- "Jailed Iranian Union Activist Reportedly Dies In Prison". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 14 September 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2016 – via Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty.
- "Imprisoned Labor Activist Dies of Stroke after Being Denied Medical Care". International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran. Retrieved 27 June 2016.
- Andrew Marszal, and agencies (6 March 2015). "Iran condemned for 'unspeakably cruel' blinding of prisoner". telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
- "Prison conditions in Iran cause slow death of prisoners | Zamaneh Media". en.radiozamaneh.com. Retrieved 2019-05-21.
- main (2016-10-25). "Mafia Ruling Rajai Shahr Prison, and the Increasing Difficulties the Prisoners Face". Hrana - News Agency. Retrieved 2019-05-21.
- Director of Rajaii prison is changed ISNA-7 Oct. 2017