Gol Gumbaz

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Gol Gumbaj at bijapur
ಗೋಲ ಗುಮ್ಮಟ
GolGumbaz2.jpg
GolGumbaz
Gol Gumbaz is located in Karnataka
Gol Gumbaz
Location of Gol Gumbaz
Coordinates16°49′48.11″N 75°44′9.95″E / 16.8300306°N 75.7360972°E / 16.8300306; 75.7360972Coordinates: 16°49′48.11″N 75°44′9.95″E / 16.8300306°N 75.7360972°E / 16.8300306; 75.7360972
LocationVijayapur, Karnataka, India
DesignerYaqut of Dabul
TypeMausoleum
MaterialDark grey basalt
Height51 m (167 ft 4 in)
Beginning date1626
Completion date1656
Dedicated toMohammed Adil Shah
Variant Names Gol Gumbad

Gol Gumbaz at Bijapur is the mausoleum of king Mohammed Adil Shah, Sultan of Bijapur. Construction of the tomb, located in Vijayapura (formerly Bijapur), Karnataka, India, was started in 1626 and completed in 1656. The name is based on Gola gummata derived from Gol Gombadh meaning "circular dome".[1] It follows the style of Indo-islamic architecture.[2]The Gol Gumbaz at Bijapur in Karnatak was built in the 17th century C.E This grand building houses the burial of Mohammed Adil Shah of Bijapur. Even a slight whisper by a person standing in this gallery can be heard everywhere and if somebody claps from here its echo can heard many times

Architecture[edit]

Plan of Gol gumbaz
Circular dome from inside

The structure is composed of a cube, 47.5 m (156 ft) on each side, capped by a roof 44 m (144 ft) in external diameter. Eight intersecting arches created by two rotated squares that create interlocking pendentives support the dome. At each of the four corners of the cube, is a dome-capped octagonal tower seven storeys high with a staircase inside.[2] The upper floor of each tower opens on to a round gallery which surrounds the dome. The dome is one of the largest domes constructed before the modern era[3][4] and the largest in existence when it was constructed.[5]

Inside the mausoleum hall, is a square podium with steps on each side. In the middle of the podium, a cenotaph slab on the ground marks the actual grave below, "the only instance of this practice" in the architecture of the Deccan sultanates. In the middle of the north side, "a large semi-octagonal bay" protrudes out.[2] With an area of 1,700 m2 (18,000 sq ft),[6] the mausoleum has one of the biggest single chamber spaces in the world. Running around the inside of the dome is the whispering gallery where even the softest sound can be heard on the other side of the mausoleum due to the acoustics of the space.[6]

There is a museum within the complex. The museum was established during British rule in 1892.[7]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gumbad (Gumbad) meaning in English". Hinkoj.com. Hinkoj.com. Retrieved 3 August 2014.
  2. ^ a b c Michell, George; Zebrowski, Mark (1999). Architecture and Art of the Deccan Sultanates. The New Cambridge History of India. I.8. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University in bijapur Press. pp. 92–4. ISBN 0-521-56321-6. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
  3. ^ "Mausoleum Whispering Gallery". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved 11 November 2019.
  4. ^ "Gol Gumbaz Is The Second Largest Dome In The World". www.culturalindia.net. Retrieved 11 November 2019.
  5. ^ KINCAID, DENNIS. (2018). SHIVAJI THE GRAND REBEL. [S.l.]: SRISHTI PUBLISHERS & DIST. ISBN 9387022242. OCLC 1119531113.
  6. ^ a b Archaeological Survey of India (2011). "Gol Gumbaz, Bijapur". Archaeological Survey of India. Archaeological Survey of India. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
  7. ^ Rozindar, Firoz (18 May 2015). "Gol Gumbaz museum preserves slice of history". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 5 June 2019.

External links[edit]