Gol Stave Church
|Gol stave church|
Gol Stave Church (Norwegian: Gol stavkyrkje) is a stave church originally from Gol in the traditional region of Hallingdal in Buskerud county, Norway. The reconstructed church is now a museum and is now located in the Norwegian Museum of Cultural History at Bygdøy in Oslo, Norway.
The church has been dendrochronologically dated to from 1157 to 1216. When the city built a new church around 1880, it was decided to demolish the old stave church. It was saved from destruction by the Society for the Preservation of Ancient Norwegian Monuments (Fortidsminneforeningen), which bought the materials in order to re-erect the church elsewhere. The remains of the original medieval construction were documented before transport. Original murals and medieval artifacts survived. Most of the main construction remained intact and in original form, although practically all of the exterior dates from the 1884-1885 restoration. 
It was acquired by King Oscar II, who financed its relocation and restoration as the central building of his private open-air museum near Oslo. Architect Waldemar Hansteen assessed the condition of the conserved parts and made a plan for restoration. The restoration was overseen by Waldemar Hansteen and was completed in 1885. In 1907, the early open-air museum, the world's first, was merged with the Norwegian Museum of Cultural History, which now manages the stave church. The church, however, is still nominally the property of the reigning monarch.
In the 1980s, a modern replica has been erected in Gol as a tourist attraction in a theme park in central Gol. This replica is located some distance from the original site of the medieval church. There is also a replica in the Scandinavian Heritage Park in Minot, North Dakota and at Epcot Center in Walt Disney World in Florida.  
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gol stavkirke.|
- Stavkirken Fra Gol (Fra en Omvisning i Gol Stavkirke Jørgen H. Jensenius. "Middelalderforum" 1996)
- Anne-Sofie Hjemdahl. "Norsk Folkemuseum". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
- Lars Roede. "Foreningen til norske Fortidsminnesmerkers Bevaring". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
- "Gol stavkirke". Riksantikvaren. July 18, 2016. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
- Bjørn Cappelen. "Waldemar Hansteen". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
- "Gol stavkirke, Oslo". Den norske kirke. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
- "Gol stavkirke, Norsk Folkemuseum". Kulturminnesøk. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
- "Scandinavian Heritage Park". Scandinavian Heritage Association. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
- "Stave Church Gallery". Walt Disney World. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
- Christie, Sigrid and Håkon (1981) Gol kirke, i Norges kirker – Buskerud ISBN 82-05-13123-6
- Bugge Gunnar, Mezzanotte Bernardino (1994) Stavkirker ISBN 82-504-2072-1
- Tschudi-Madsen, Stephan (1993) På nordmanns vis : Norsk folkemuseum gjennom 100 år ISBN 82-03-16715-2
- Leif Anker (2005) The Norwegian Stave Churches (Oslo: Arfo Forlag) ISBN 978-8291399294
- Roar Hauglid (1970) Norwegian Stave Churches (Oslo: Dreyers Forlag) ISBN 9788209106020
- Norwegian Folk Museum website
- Gol Stavkirke at the Norwegian Folk Museum
- Gol stave church in Environment Norway
- Gol stave church photographs in Kunsthistorie