Gol Stave Church

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Gol stave church
Stavkirke Gol 1200 NFM (1).jpg
Gol stavkyrkje
Type Church
Status Automatically protected
County Oslo
Municipality Oslo
Year built 1157–1216
ID 84275

Gol Stave Church (Norwegian: Gol stavkyrkje) is a stave church originally from Gol in the traditional region of Hallingdal in Buskerud county, Norway. The reconstructed church is now a museum and is now located in the Norwegian Museum of Cultural History at Bygdøy in Oslo, Norway.[1][2]

Description[edit]

Gol stavkyrkje by Nicolay Nicolaysen (corrected illustration)

The church has been dendrochronologically dated to from 1157 to 1216. When the city built a new church around 1880, it was decided to demolish the old stave church. It was saved from destruction by the Society for the Preservation of Ancient Norwegian Monuments (Fortidsminneforeningen), which bought the materials in order to re-erect the church elsewhere. The remains of the original medieval construction were documented before transport. Original murals and medieval artifacts survived. Most of the main construction remained intact and in original form, although practically all of the exterior dates from the 1884-1885 restoration. [3][4]

It was acquired by King Oscar II, who financed its relocation and restoration as the central building of his private open-air museum near Oslo. Architect Waldemar Hansteen assessed the condition of the conserved parts and made a plan for restoration. The restoration was overseen by Waldemar Hansteen and was completed in 1885. In 1907, the early open-air museum, the world's first, was merged with the Norwegian Museum of Cultural History, which now manages the stave church. The church, however, is still nominally the property of the reigning monarch.[5][6]

In the 1980s, a modern replica has been erected in Gol as a tourist attraction in a theme park in central Gol. This replica is located some distance from the original site of the medieval church. There is also a replica in the Scandinavian Heritage Park in Minot, North Dakota and at Epcot Center in Walt Disney World in Florida.[7] [8] [9]

Gallery[edit]

Gol stavkirke- carving detail
Gol stavkirke- carving detail 
Gol stavkirke - exterior detail
Gol stavkirke - exterior detail 
Gol stavkirke - doorway detail
Gol stavkirke - doorway detail 
Gol stave church, detail
Gol stavkirke- carving detail 
Gol stave church, interior.
Gol stavkirke - interior 
Roof section of Gol stavkirke
Gol stavkirke - roof section 
Gol stavkirke Exterior detail
Gol stavkirke - exterior detail 
Gol stavkirke Interior mural
Gol stavkirke - interior mural 
Gol stavkirke - altar 
Gol stavkirke Altar
Gol stavkirke - winter 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stavkirken Fra Gol (Fra en Omvisning i Gol Stavkirke Jørgen H. Jensenius. "Middelalderforum" 1996)
  2. ^ Anne-Sofie Hjemdahl. "Norsk Folkemuseum". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved October 1, 2017. 
  3. ^ Lars Roede. "Foreningen til norske Fortidsminnesmerkers Bevaring". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved October 1, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Gol stavkirke". Riksantikvaren. July 18, 2016. Retrieved October 1, 2017. 
  5. ^ Bjørn Cappelen. "Waldemar Hansteen". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved October 1, 2017. 
  6. ^ "Gol stavkirke, Oslo". Den norske kirke. Retrieved October 1, 2017. 
  7. ^ "Gol stavkirke, Norsk Folkemuseum". Kulturminnesøk. Retrieved October 1, 2017. 
  8. ^ "Scandinavian Heritage Park". Scandinavian Heritage Association. Retrieved October 1, 2017. 
  9. ^ "Stave Church Gallery". Walt Disney World. Retrieved October 1, 2017. 

Other sources[edit]

  • Christie, Sigrid and Håkon (1981) Gol kirke, i Norges kirker – Buskerud ISBN 82-05-13123-6
  • Bugge Gunnar, Mezzanotte Bernardino (1994) Stavkirker ISBN 82-504-2072-1
  • Tschudi-Madsen, Stephan (1993) På nordmanns vis : Norsk folkemuseum gjennom 100 år ISBN 82-03-16715-2

Related reading[edit]

  • Leif Anker (2005) The Norwegian Stave Churches (Oslo: Arfo Forlag) ISBN 978-8291399294
  • Roar Hauglid (1970) Norwegian Stave Churches (Oslo: Dreyers Forlag) ISBN 9788209106020

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 59°54′29″N 10°41′00″E / 59.9080°N 10.6833°E / 59.9080; 10.6833