Gold's Gym

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Gold's Gym International, Inc.
FoundedAugust 25, 1965; 54 years ago (1965-08-25) in
Venice Beach, California, U.S.
FounderJoe Gold
Number of locations
Nearly 700 worldwide (May 2020)
Key people
Adam Zeitsiff (President and CEO)
ParentTRT Holdings

Gold's Gym International, Inc. is an American chain of international co-ed fitness centers (commonly referred to as gyms) originally started by Joe Gold in Venice Beach, California. Each gym offers a variety of cardio and strength training equipment as well as group exercise programs. Its headquarters have since relocated to Dallas.

Corporate history[edit]

Gold's Gym in Round Rock, Texas

Joe Gold opened the first Gold's Gym in August 1965, in Venice Beach, California,[2][3] long before the modern day health club existed. Featuring homemade equipment and dubbed "the Mecca of bodybuilding", it was frequented by Arnold Schwarzenegger[4] and Dave Draper[5] and featured in the docudrama Pumping Iron (1977), which brought attention not only to the gym itself but also to bodybuilding and physique in general. To this day, Gold's Gym is considered a landmark in bodybuilding culture[6] and has achieved cult status.[7]

After Gold to Pumping Iron[edit]

In 1970, Gold sold the at-the-time failing gym to Bud Danits, most commonly known as an antique dealer, and Dave Saxe, a jeweler. They ran the gym for almost two years together as co-owners, and when they realized that this operation was not plausible for them, they were going to close it and reopen the location as an antiques shop. They offered it to a frequently visiting gym member, Ken Sprague, who purchased it in late 1971, and Gold's was saved as a gym. Sprague was the first owner of Gold's to actually sponsor and hold bodybuilding competitions, and his promotional skills and film industry contacts helped build the establishment's profile.

By 1975, when George Butler was going to film Pumping Iron, it was Sprague's savvy, telling Butler that he would paint the windows over to minimize back light, and let Butler mount a lighting grid to the inside ceiling that made Gold's Gym the primary location for filming Pumping Iron. After the release of the movie in 1977, and along with the 1977 Mr. America contest and Mr. America Day parade held in Santa Monica, sponsored and conceived of by Sprague, the profile of Gold's gym grew even larger. That year's Mr. America had more press requests than the 1977 Academy Awards. By 1979, when Sprague had sold Gold's Gym, it was the most famous gym in the world.[8]

Subsquent ownership, franchising, and image[edit]

From 1979 to 1999, Gold's Gym was owned by Peter Grymkowski (a Mr. World body building champion) and his partners. After two years of ownership,[9] they moved from the 5500-square-foot facility into a 60,000-square-foot building over a six-year period. Grymkowski's brother became the licensing director, which helped bring the Gold's Gym name from one location to over 534 throughout the U.S. and the world in 1999, when it was sold to private equity firm Brockway Moran & Partners. Another private equity firm, TRT Holdings, bought Gold's Gym in 2004.[10]

Gold's Gym was one of the first companies in the health and fitness industry to franchise, starting in 1980.[11] The company licenses its name to products such as fitness equipment and clothing. The original Gold's Gym logo, a bald weightlifter holding a barbell, was designed in 1973 by professional wrestler Ric Drasin, who was Schwarzenegger's training partner for four years.[12] Notable users of Gold's Gym have included such celebrities as Jessica Alba, Jodie Foster, Morgan Freeman, Dwayne Johnson, Jim Morrison,[citation needed] Keanu Reeves, Hilary Swank, and Tiger Woods, among many others.[13] The original Gold's Gym in Venice Beach is considered a sports landmark by ESPN and is named on its list of the 100 most important sports venues.[14]

Corporate information[edit]

Gold's Gym in Cairo along the Nile

Gold's Gym is privately owned. It was acquired from its previous owner, private equity firm Brockway Moran & Partners, by Robert Rowling's TRT Holdings in 2004 for approximately $158 million. Brockway Moran had acquired the company in 1999[15] for more than $50 million.[16] Corporate headquarters are in the Dallas metropolitan area.[17]

Since Gold's Gym opened its first international location in Canada in 1985, the company has expanded its global franchising program to include nearly 180 international gyms including operations in Russia, India, Australia, Costa Rica, Japan, the United Kingdom, Netherlands, Germany, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Mexico, Peru, Indonesia, Spain, Poland, Venezuela, Mongolia and the Philippines.[13][18]

There were 58 new Gold's Gym locations developed across the world in 2016.[citation needed]

In 2017, the company opened its first location in Amman, Jordan.[19]

Corporate sales and wellness program[edit]

Gold's Gym operates a national corporate wellness program which has over 3000 company partners including Home Depot, Bank of America, Whataburger, and Union Pacific. The corporate sales and wellness program offers custom health and fitness plans for employees nationwide including memberships, nutrition, and wellness programs.

Gold's is one of two official health clubs of the AARP, where it offers month-to-month memberships, and is the official health club of the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association. Gold's has begun offering online enrollment.[20][21][22]

2020 Bankruptcy[edit]

On May 4, 2020, GGI Holdings, LLC (Gold's Gym) and 14 affiliated debtors filed Chapter 11 bankruptcy in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas. The debtors have requested joint administration of the cases under Case No. 20-31318.[23] Like many businesses, Gold's was required to temporarily close its US locations in March 2020 amid the COVID-19 pandemic. The company said in April that it would permanently close 30 of its locations. Gold's Gym said the bankruptcy filing would only affect company-owned locations, which are about 10% of the nearly 700 worldwide, with a reemergence target of August 2020.[24]

Current operations[edit]

Gold's Gym has locations across six continents. In 2015 and 2016, Gold's Gym topped the J.D. Power Health and Fitness Center Satisfaction Report.[25][26]

In 2017, Gold's Gym launched GOLD'S AMP,[27] a fitness app that is meant to serve as a digital personal trainer for people to use anytime and anywhere. It includes numerous customization workout options led by Gold's Gym coaches and thousands of music mixes.

Gold's Gym Challenge[edit]

Gold's Gym holds an annual Gold's Gym Challenge, a 12-week body transformation contest available to members. In January, participants begin their Challenge journey with initial measurements and photographs. Twelve weeks later, final measurements and photographs are taken to document results. Each participating Gold's Gym chooses its local winners who are then eligible for the national prize pool.

Gold's Gym Challenge winners have been featured in many publications including PopSugar, Atlanta Journal-Constitution,[28] and Women's Health.


Numerous customers have reported Gold's Gym franchises for acting in dishonest and unscrupulous ways. They have reported advertised deals' not being honored, billing irregularities, contract terms' being fraudulently altered by sales staff after signing, and problems canceling accounts or relocating.[29] A Gold's Gym in Provo, Utah was successfully sued for fraud in 2006, for changing a contract after it was signed in 1999.[30]

An accusation of the same conduct of fraud arose again in 2017: on February 10, 2017, the billing processor for the gyms, Paramount Acceptance, and 26 companies under the VASA Fitness name (including new gyms since 2014) were served with a consumer class action lawsuit with numerous causes of action including fraudulent misrepresentation, violations of the Telephone Consumer Protection Act, and violations of the Utah Consumer Sales Practices Act. The plaintiff published the entire complaint.[31]

After ten years of litigation involving a licensing agreement for a fitness center in St. George, the Utah Supreme Court affirmed a decision to deny attorney fees to Gold's Gym even though Gold's Gym prevailed in the underlying litigation. Gold's Gym International, Inc. v. Chambers, 2020 UT 20.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Brown, Erika (August 7, 2003). "Investing In Obesity". Forbes. Retrieved September 24, 2007.
  2. ^ "About Gold's". Gold's Gym. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
  3. ^ "Gold's Gym Celebrates 50th Anniversary; Inducts Arnold Schwarzenegger Into The Gold's Gym Hall... -- DALLAS, Aug. 26, 2015 /PRNewswire/ --". PRNewswire. August 26, 2015. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
  4. ^ "Seeing Stars: Where the Stars Work Out". Retrieved January 9, 2007.
  5. ^ "Joe Gold's Dungeon". Retrieved December 21, 2011.
  6. ^ Emery, Mike (January 2003). "Men's Bodybuilding: A Short History". Retrieved January 9, 2007.
  7. ^ "The cult of the gym: The new puritans". The Economist. December 19, 2002. Retrieved January 9, 2007.
  8. ^ Interviews with Bill Grant, Ken Waller, Dave Du Pre, Pete Samra, Tony Pearson, Ken Sprague, Wayne Gallasch; October/November 2015; by Marc Martinez for an upcoming documentary, for which trailers are available
  9. ^ Stoughton, Stephanie (August 27, 1999). "Brothers Stake Their Claim to Gold's Gym". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved November 13, 2017.
  10. ^ Goldman, Stuart, ed. (August 1, 2008). "Tension Builds Between Gold's Gym International and Gold's Franchisees". Club Industry. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
  11. ^ "Gold's Gym". Entrepreneur Media, Inc. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
  12. ^ Perine, Shawn (December 1, 2005). "Gold's goes bald.(HARD TIMES)". Archived from the original on May 18, 2013. Retrieved March 17, 2016.
  13. ^ a b Smith, Stephen P. (2005). "America's Greatest Brands, Volume IV".
  14. ^ Caple, Jim (September 19, 2008), "America's 100 Most Important Sports Venues",
  15. ^ "TRT Holdings Inc. is new owner of Gold's Gym". Dallas Business Journal. June 15, 2004. Retrieved March 2, 2009.
  16. ^ Goldman, Stuart (August 1, 2008). "Tension Builds Between Gold's Gym International and Gold's Franchisees". Club Industry. Retrieved June 10, 2017.
  17. ^ TRT Holdings (January 25, 2012). "TRT Holdings Announces Plans to Build New Headquarters". Retrieved October 13, 2015.
  18. ^ "About Gold's Gym". Gold's Gym Philippines. Retrieved January 19, 2017.
  19. ^ "Gold's Gym Amman". Gold's Gym. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
  20. ^ "Gold's Gym - AARP". Retrieved October 13, 2015.
  21. ^ "". Retrieved October 13, 2015.
  22. ^ "Axiom". Retrieved October 13, 2015.
  23. ^ "Bankruptcy of GGI Holdings, LLC". Bloomberg. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
  24. ^ Stone, Madeline (May 4, 2020). "Gold's Gym has filed for bankruptcy protection after closing locations amid the coronavirus outbreak". Business Insider. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
  25. ^ kristi.white (June 29, 2015). "2015 Health and Fitness Center Satisfaction Report". J.D. Power. Retrieved November 13, 2017.
  26. ^ Robin (June 23, 2016). "2016 Health and Fitness Center Satisfaction Report". J.D. Power. Retrieved November 13, 2017.
  27. ^ GmbH, "Gold's Gym Delivers An Audio Fitness Experience Anytime, Anywhere With New GOLD'S AMP™ App". Retrieved November 13, 2017.
  28. ^ Brooks, Michelle C. "Todd McFarland, 49, of Hoschton, Ga. lost 39 pounds". ajc. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
  29. ^ Gargulinski, Ryn (January 13, 2009). "Complaints against local gyms triple since 2005". Tucson Citizen. Retrieved March 2, 2009.
  30. ^ Andreason vs. Felsted, Viertel, Peterson and Gold's Gym of Provo (May 11, 2006). Text
  31. ^ "Class Action Lawsuit Against VASA Fitness and Paramount Acceptance". Archived from the original on February 13, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2017.

External links[edit]