Gold(III) oxide

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Gold(III) oxide
Au2O3structure.jpg
Names
IUPAC name
Gold(III) oxide
Other names
Gold trioxide, Gold sesquioxide
Identifiers
ECHA InfoCard 100.013.748
Properties
Au2O3
Molar mass 441.93
Appearance red-brown solid
Density 11.34 g/cm3 at 20 °C[1]
Melting point 160 °C (320 °F; 433 K) (decomposes)
insoluble in water, soluble in hydrochloric and nitric acid
Structure
Orthorombic, oF40
Fdd2, No. 43[1]
Hazards
NFPA 704
Flammability code 0: Will not burn. E.g., waterHealth code 1: Exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual injury. E.g., turpentineReactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogenSpecial hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
0
1
0
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Gold(III) oxide (Au2O3) is the most stable oxide of gold. It is a red-brown, thermally unstable solid that decomposes at 160 °C.[2] The hydrated form is weakly acidic and dissolves in concentrated alkali to form salts that are believed to contain the Au(OH)4 ion.[2]

Anhydrous Au2O3 can be prepared by heating amorphous hydrated gold(III) oxide with perchloric acid and an alkali metal perchlorate in a sealed quartz tube at a temperature of around 250 °C and a pressure of around 30 MPa.[3]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jones, P. G.; Rumpel, H.; Schwarzmann, E.; Sheldrick, G. M.; Paulus, H. (1979). "Gold(III) oxide". Acta Crystallographica Section B. 35 (6): 1435. doi:10.1107/S0567740879006622. 
  2. ^ a b Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, Alan (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 0-08-037941-9. 
  3. ^ Jones, Peter G.; Rumpel, Horst; Sheldrick, George M.; Schwarzmann, Einhard (1980). "Gold(III) oxide and oxychloride". Gold Bulletin (open access). 13 (2): 56. doi:10.1007/BF03215453.