Gold Coast (region)

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Gold Coast
Flag of Gold Coast Region
Flag
Gold Coast Emblem of Gold Coast Region
Gold Coast Emblem
Gold Coast location in red
Gold Coast location in red
Regions of Ghana en.svg
Status The Multinational State of the Republic of Ghana
Demonym Gold Coastian (Ghanaian)
Area
• Total
238,535 km2 (92,099 sq mi)
Population
• Estimate
about 25,366,462[1]
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)
• Summer (DST)
GMT (UTC+0)
ISO 3166 code [[ISO 3166-2:|]]

The Gold Coast a region on the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa. It is rich in gold and also in petroleum, sweet crude oil, and natural gas. It now forms the country of Ghana.

Etymology and position[edit]

The Gold Coast, Slave Coast, Pepper Coast (or Grain Coast) and Ivory Coast were named after the main export resources there.[2]

Early uses of the term Gold Coast refer literally to the coast and not the interior.[2] It was not until the 19th century that the term came to refer to areas that are far from the coast.[2]

The Gold Coast was to the east of the Ivory Coast and to the west of the Slave Coast.[2]

Territorial entities[edit]

Gold Coast region territorial entities were:

Ghana is the legal name for the Gold Coast region comprising the following four separate parts, which immediately before independence enjoyed distinct constitutional positions:[2]

The Gold Coast Governors-General responsible for shepherding through the Gold Coast independence legislation Charles Arden-Clarke Lord Listowel explained that the name was chosen "in accordance with the wishes of the Gold Coastian population".[3]

History[edit]

1930s Stamp Gold Coast Golden Stool with George VI.

Europeans reached this region of Africa in 1482, and for centuries afterwards, various European empires and trading companies set up trading posts, known as factories there. They used these colonies to exploit the resources rather than to settle large numbers of subjects.

The Portuguese Gold Coast was the first claim.[2] The Dutch arrived in 1598 and in 1642 incorporated the Portuguese territory into the Dutch Gold Coast.[2] The Dutch stayed in the region until 1871, when the last of their settlements were taken over by the British Gold Coast.[2]

There was also the Brandenburger Gold Coast, which established a colony in the area in 1682.[2] It later became the Prussian Gold Coast.[2] In 1721 it was sold to the Dutch.[2] The Swedish Gold Coast settlements date to 1650, whereas the Danes arrived in 1663. The Danes seized the Swedish territoty and incorporated it into the Danish Gold Coast.[2] [2] In 1850 all of the settlements became part of the British Gold Coast.[2]

In 1774 a London commercial expert references a witness that "the king of Guinea, the greatest city in all the countries of Negroland, has a mass of gold of thirty pounds weight as it was naturally produced in the mines which is completely pure, tough and malleable without having been smelted".[4] The British had taken over all of Gold Coast by 1871.[2] They captured more territory inland in the late nineteenth century after the Anglo-Ashanti wars.[2] In 1957, the territory of Gold Coast was granted independence as Ghana.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population Country Economy". 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "The Legislation Providing for the Grant of Independence to Ghana" Journal of African Law, Vol. 1, No. 2 (Summer, 1957), pp. 99–112, Published by: Cambridge University Press
  3. ^ HC Deb 11 December 1956 vol 562 cc229-326, Ghana Independence Bill, The Under-Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations (Lord John Hope) "First, there is the name "Ghana." This has been conferred on the new country in accordance with local wishes. It was the name of an ancient kingdom, in what is now French territory south of the Sahara, which has acquired great historic significance in the Gold Coast."
  4. ^ Postlethwayt, Malachy. (1774). Universal Dictionary of Trade and Commerce. (4th edition). London: W. Strahan, J. & F. Rivington. Volume 1. "Africa"

Coordinates: 5°27′N 0°58′W / 5.450°N 0.967°W / 5.450; -0.967