Gold Medal (RGS)

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Founder's Medal awarded to Kenneth Mason (1927)

The Gold Medal presented by the Royal Geographical Society consists of two separate awards: the Founder's Medal 1830 and the Patron's Medal 1838. Together they form the most prestigious of the society's awards. They are given for "the encouragement and promotion of geographical science and discovery". Royal approval is required before an award can be made.

The awards originated as an annual gift of fifty guineas from King William IV, first made in 1831, "to constitute a premium for the encouragement and promotion of geographical science and discovery". The Royal Geographical Society decided in 1839 to change this monetary award into the two gold medals.

Recipients have included the notable geographers David Livingstone (1855), Nain Singh Rawat (1877), Baron Ferdinand von Richthofen (1878), Alfred Russel Wallace (1892) and William Woodville Rockhill (1893), to more recent winners including Professor William Morris Davis (1919), Sir Halford John Mackinder (1945), Professor Richard Chorley (1987) and Professor David Harvey (1995).

Recipients (1970 onwards)[edit]

Date Founder's Medal Contribution Patron's Medal Contribution
2015 [1] Professor Michael Batty for development and promotion of the geographical science of cities Paul Theroux for the encouragement of geographical discovery through travel writing
2014 Professor Geoffrey Boulton for the development and promotion of glaciology Hans Rosling for the encouragement and development of the public understanding of geographical data and influencing decision makers across the world
2013 Professor Keith Richards for the encouragement and development of physical geography and fluvial geomorphology Michael Palin for the promotion of geography and geographical education
2012 Professor Charles Withers for the encouragement and development of historical and cultural geography Alastair Fothergill for promoting globally the understanding of the world’s environments
2011 Professor David Livingstone for the encouragement and promotion of historical geography Dr Sylvia Earle for the encouragement, development and promotion of ocean science and exploration
2010 Professor Diana Liverman encouraging, developing and promoting understanding of the human dimensions of climate change Jack Dangermond promoting geographical science through the development of Geographical Information Systems
2009 Dr Alan Baker contributions to historical geography Professor Lord Nicholas Stern for contributions to climate change policy
2008 Professor Julian Dowdeswell encouragement, development and promotion of glaciology Professor Jesse Walker encouragement, development and promotion of coastal geomorphology
2007 Professor Roger Barry international leadership of research on climate and climate change Professor Paul Curran international development of geographical science through remote sensing and Earth observation
2006 Professor Derek Gregory international leadership of research in human geography and social theory Professor Jack Ives role internationally in establishing the global importance of mountain regions
2005 Professor Sir Nicholas Shackleton research on Quaternary palaeoclimatology Professor Jean Malaurie lifelong study of the Arctic and its peoples
2004 Professor Leszek Starkel advancing international understanding of palaeohydrology and geomorphology Sydney Possuelo contributions to Brazilian people’s rights and explorations in Amazonia
2003 Professor Michael Frank Goodchild contributions to geographical information science Harish Kapadia contributions to geographical discovery and mountaineering in the Himalayas
2002 Bruno Messerli mountain research and the public awareness of mountain issues Dr David Keeble advancing knowledge in economic and industrial geography
2001 Professor William Graf research on dryland river processes, and the interactions of science and public policy Reinhold Messner mountaineering and mountain regions
2000 Professor Brian Robson urban geography and geographical perspectives to urban policy Sir Crispin Tickell GCMG KCVO promoting the understanding of global environmental issues in governmental and wider public arena
1999 Professor Mike Kirkby development of processed-based and modelling approaches in geomorphology Doug Scott, CBE mountaineering and the knowledge of mountain regions
1998 Prof. Robert Bennett David Drewry
1997 Sir Tony Wrigley David Rhind
1996 Prof. John Woods John Thornes
1995 The Earl of Cranbrook David Harvey
1994 Ronald Urwick Cooke Ghillean Prance
1993 Kenneth Gregory John Blashford-Snell
1992 Alan Wilson Martin Holdgate
1991 Andrew Goudie Helge and Anne Stine Ingstad
1990 John Hemming Richard Leakey
1989 Monica Kristensen Keith Clayton
1988 Peter Hall Nigel de Northrop Winser
1987 Anthony Laughton Richard J Chorley
1986 Timothy Severin Peter Haggett
1985 David Attenborough Walter Smith
1984 Ranulph Fiennes Pierre Gourou
1983 Peter Scott Commander John Young, NASA
1982 Michael Ward Douglas Warren
1981 Keith J Miller Valter Schytt
1980 William R. Mead Preston James
1979 David Stoddart For contributions to geomorphology, the study of coral reefs and the history of academic Geography Robin Hanbury-Tenison For leadership of scientific expeditions, including the Mulu Expedition, and for his work on behalf of primitive peoples
1978 Major-General R. Brown For services to the science of map-making Mieczysław Klimaszewski For his contributions to geomorphology and international understanding in Geography
1977 Michael Wise For economic Geography, and for his contributions to international understanding in geographical teaching Kenneth Hare For discoveries in Arctic Geography
1976 Brian B. Roberts For Polar exploration, and for contributions to Antarctic research and political negotiation Sir Edmund Irving For services as Hydrographer of the Navy and for his encouragement of exploration
1975 Sir Laurence Kirwan For contributions to the geographical history of the Nubian Nile valley and Eastern Africa, and for services to exploration Joachim P. Kuettner For explorations of the Earth’s atmosphere and oceans
1974 Christian J. S. Bonington For mountain explorations Gordon de Q. Robin For polar research and exploration
1973 Norman L. Falcon Leader, the RGS’s Musandam [North Oman] Expedition. For contributions to the geographical history of the Persian Gulf region Edgar H. Thompson Professor of photogrammetry and surveying, University College London
1972 George S. Ritchie For hydrographical charting and oceanographical exploration Michael D. Gwynne Leader, the RGS’s South Turkana (Kenya] Expedition
1971 Sir George Deacon For oceanographical research and exploration Charles Swithinbank For glaciological research and exploration
1970 Walter William Herbert For Arctic and Antarctic exploration and surveys Haroun Tazieff For volcanological research and exploration

Recipients (1901–1970)[edit]

Date Founder's Medal Contribution Patron's Medal Contribution
1969 Rear Admiral Rodolfo N. M. Panzarini For services to Antarctic exploration and research and to international co-operation in Antarctic science Drs. R. Thorsteinsson and E. T. Tozer For contributions to exploration and economic development in the Canadian Arctic
1968 Dr. W. Brian Harland For Arctic exploration and research Professor Augusto Gansser For geological exploration and mapping in the Himalaya
1967 Claudio and Orlando Vilas Boas For contributions to exploration and development in the Mato Grosso Professor Eduard Imhof For contributions to cartography
1966 Professor E. J. H. Corner For botanical exploration in North Borneo and the Solomon Islands Dr. G. Hattersley-Smith For glaciological investigations in the Canadian Arctic
1965 Ernest F. Rootes For Polar exploration and research, with special reference to the Canadian Arctic Lester C. King For geomorphological exploration in the Southern Hemisphere
1964 L. S. B. Leakey For palaeographical exploration and discoveries in East Africa Thor Heyerdahl For geographical explorations in the South Pacific Ocean
1963 Jacques-Yves Cousteau For underwater exploration and research Albert P. Crary For Antarctic research and exploration
1962 Captain Erwin McDonald, USN For coastal explorations in the Bellingshausen Sea (Antarctica) Tom Harrisson Government Ethnologist and Curator Sarawak Museum, for explorations in Central Borneo
1961 Dr. Mikhail M. Somov For Antarctic exploration and research Dr. John Bartholomew Editor 'The Times Atlas of the World', for contributions to cartography
1960 Phillip G. Law For Antarctic exploration and research Professor Theodore Monod For geographical exploration and research in the Sahara
1959 Commander W. R. Anderson, USN For the first trans-Polar submarine voyage in command of USS Nautilus Sir Raymond Priestley For services to Antarctic exploration
1958 Paul A. Siple For contributions to Antarctic exploration and research Sir Edmund Hillary For Antarctic and Himalayan exploration
1957 Ardito Desio For geographical exploration and surveys in the Himalayas Sir George Binney For contributions to Arctic exploration
1956 John Giaever Leader of the Norwegian-British-Swedish Antarctic Expedition, for contributions to Polar exploration Charles Evans For contributions to Himalayan exploration
1955 Dr. John K. Wright For services in the development of geographical research and exploration Commander C. J. W. Simpson Leader of the British North Greenland Expedition
1954 Sir John Hunt Leader of the British Mount Everest Expedition Neil A. Mackintosh For research and exploration in the Southern Ocean
1953 P. D. Baird For explorations in the Canadian Arctic Count Eigil Knuth For exploration in Northern Greenland … and for his contributions to Eskimo archaeology
1952 H. W. Tilman For exploratory work among the mountains of East Africa and Central Asia Paul-Emile Victor For contributions to Polar exploration and for his geophysical investigations of the Greenland Icecap
1951 Vivian E. Fuchs For his contributions to Antarctic exploration and his research as leader of the survey 1948-50 Donald Thomson For geographical exploration and studies in Arnhem land
1950 George F. Walpole For contributions to the mapping of the Western Desert of Egypt Professor Harald Sverdrup For contributions to polar exploration and for oceanographic investigations
1949 Professor L. Dudley Stamp For his work in organising the Land Utilisation Survey of Great Britain and his application of Geography to National planning Professor Hans Pettersson For his leadership of the recent oceanographical cruise in the Albatross
1948 Wilfred Thesiger For exploration of Arabian deserts. Thomas Henry Manning For exploration and survey work in the Arctic
1947 Brigadier Martin Hotine For research work in Air Survey … and for his cartographic work Colonel Daniel van der Meulen For exploratory journeys in the Hadhramaut and his contributions to the geography of Southern Arabia
1946 Brigadier Edward A. Glennie For his work on geodesy in India and his contributions to mapping in the Far East Inspector Henry A. Larsen, RCMP For his achievement of the North West Passage from both west to east and east to west
1945 Dr. Charles Camsell For his contributions to the geology of the North Sir Halford Mackinder For his long and distinguished service in the advancement of the science of Geography
1944 No medals awarded
1943 No medals awarded
1942 Freya Stark For her travels in the East and her account of them Owen Lattimore For his travels and studies in Central Asia
1941 Captain P. A. Clayton For his surveys in the Libyan desert, and his application of his experience to desert warfare. Dr. Isaiah Bowman For his travels in South America and for his great services to the science of Geography
1940 Mr. and Mrs. Harold Ingrams For exploration and studies in the Hadhramaut Lieutenant Alexander Glen For his expeditions in Spitsbergen and North east Land
1939 Arthur Mortimer Champion For his surveys of the Turkana Province (Kenya) and the volcanoes south of Lake Rudolf Professor Hans Ahlmann For exploration and glaciological studies in the Arctic
1938 John Rymill For the valuable scientific work of his British Grahamland Expedition Eric Shipton For his most distinguished record of mountain climbing
1937 Colonel C. G. Lewis For surveys in Iraq, Syria and the Irrawaddy Delta, and for his work on the Afghan and Turco-Iraq Boundary


Lincoln Ellsworth For his work in developing the technique of aerial navigation in the Polar regions, culminating in his successful flight across the Antarctic
1936 G. W. Murray For explorations and surveys in the deserts of Sinai and Eastern Egypt, and his studies of the Badawin tribes Major R. E. Cheesman For explorations and surveys of the Blue Nile and Lake Tana
1935 Major R. A. Bagnold For journeys in the Libyan Desert Willi Rickmer Rickmers For long-continued travels in the Caucasus, culminating in his leadership of the Alai-Pamir Russo-German

Expedition in 1928

1934 Hugh Ruttledge For his journeys in the Himalayas and his leadership of the Mount Everest Expedition, 1933 Captain Ejnar Mikkelsen For exploration in the Arctic and his work in Eskimo resettlement in Greenland
1933 J. M. Wordie For work in Polar explorations Professor Erich von Drygalski For researches in glaciology in the Arctic and Antarctic
1932 Henry George Watkins For his work in the Arctic Regions, especially as leader of the British Arctic Air Route Expedition HRH The Duke of Spoleto For work in the Himalaya
1931 Bertram Thomas For geographical work in Arabia and his successful crossing of the Rub al Khali Richard E. Byrd, USN For his expedition to the Antarctic ... and for his flights over

both North and South Poles.

1930 F. Kingdon-Ward For geographical exploration, and work on botanical distribution in China and Tibet Carsten E. Borchgrevink For his pioneer Antarctic Expedition, which was first to winter in the Antarctic, to travel on the Ross Barrier and to obtain proof of its recession
1929 Francis Rennell Rodd For his journeys in the Sahara and his studies of the Tuareg people C. H. Karius For his crossing in Papua from the Fly River to the Sepik
1928 Dr. Tom Longstaff For long-continued geographical work in the Himalaya Captain G. H. Wilkins For his many years’ systematic work in Polar Regions, culminating in his remarkable flight from Point Barrow to Spitsbergen
1927 Major Kenneth Mason For his connection between the of surveys of India and Russian Turkestan, and his leadership of the Shakshagam Expedition Dr. Lauge Koch For his very remarkable six years’ exploration of Northern Greenland
1926 Colonel E. F. Norton For his distinguished leadership of the 1924 British Mount Everest Expedition and his ascent to 28,100 feet Sir Edgeworth David For his work on the Funafuti atoll and for his leadership of the first ascent of Mount Erebus
1925 Charles G. Bruce For lifelong geographical work in the exploration of the Himalaya … and his leadership of the Mount Everest Expedition of 1922 A. F. R. Wollaston For his journeys in Central Africa and Dutch New Guinea
1924 Ahmed Hassanein Bey For his journey to Kufara and Darfur Commander Frank Wild For his long services to Antarctic exploration.
1923 Dr. Knud Rasmussen For exploration and research in the Arctic regions The Hon. Miles Cater Smith For explorations in the unknown interior of Papua
1922 Colonel C. K. Howard-Bury For his distinguished services in command of the Mount Everest Expedition E. de Kovan Leffingwell For surveys and investigations on the coast of Northern Alaska
1921 Vilhjalmur Stefansson For his distinguished services in the exploration of the Arctic Ocean General Robert Bourgeois (French) For his long and eminent services to Geography and Geodesy
1920 H. St. John B. Philby For his two journeys in South Central Arabia Professor Jovan Cvijic For his distinguished studies of the geography of the Baltic Peninsula
1919 Colonel E. M. Jack For his geographical work on the Western Front Professor William Davis For his eminence in the development of Physical Geography
1918 Gertrude Bell For her important explorations and travels in Asia Minor, Syria, Arabia and on the Euphrates Commandant Jean Tilho For his long-continued surveys and explorations in Northern Africa
1917 Commander D. G. Howarth For explorations in Asiatic Turkey Brigadier-General C. G. Rawling For explorations in Western Tibet and New Guinea
1916 Colonel Percy H. Fawcett For his contributions to the mapping of South America Captain F. M. Bailey For explorations
1915 Sir Douglas Mawson For leading the Australian Antarctic Expedition which achieved highly important scientific results Dr. Filippo de Filippi For his great expedition to the Karakoram and Eastern Turkestan
1914 Professor Albrecht Penck For his advancement of almost every branch of scientific geography, and in particular his idea of an International map of the world on the millionth scale Dr. Hamilton Rice For his meritorious work on the head waters of the Orinoco and the Northern tributaries of the Amazon
1913 Not awarded An inscribed casket was presented to Lady Scott containing the Patron’s Medal and the Special Antarctic Medal awarded to her late husband. Dr. E. A. Wilson
For his excellent work in the study of the zoology of the Antarctic ... and for his skill as an artist
1912 Charles Montagu Doughty For his remarkable exploration in Northern Arabia, and for his classic work in which the results were described Douglas Carruthers For important expeditions to Ruwenzori, Turkestan, Arabia and Mongolia
1911 Colonel P. K. Kozloff For explorations in the Gobi desert, Northern Tibet and Mongolia Dr. J. B. Charcot For his important expeditions to the Antarctic, during which he conducted investigations of high scientific value in geology, meteorology, magnetic conditions and biology
1910 Colonel H. H. Godwin-Austen For geographical discoveries and surveys along the North-eastern frontier of India, especially his pioneer exploring in the Karakoram William Spiers Bruce For explorations in the Arctic and Antarctic
1909 Dr. M. A. Stein For his extensive explorations in Central Asia, and in particular his archaeological work Colonel M. G. Talbot For the large amount of excellent survey work done by him on the Afghan frontier and in the Sudan
1908 Lieutenant Boyd Alexander For his three years’ journey across Africa from the Niger to the Nile HSH The Prince of Monaco For oceanographical studies off the coast of Spitsbergen
1907 Francisco Moreno For extensive explorations in the Patagonian Andes Captain Roald Amundsen For his daring voyage for the purposes of research in the region of the North Magnetic Pole, and for his first accomplishment by any vessel of the famous North-West Passage
1906 Alfred Grandidier The veteran French savant who for forty years has devoted himself to the exploration of Madagascar, and for his monumental work on the island in 52 large quarto volumes Dr. Robert Bell Who during forty-five years of field work has mapped an immense area of Canada previously unknown
1905 Sir Martin Conway For explorations in the mountain regions of Spitsbergen Captain C. H. D. Ryder For his survey of Yunnan and his work in connection with the Tibet Mission
1904 Sir Harry Johnston For his many valuable services towards the exploration of Africa Commander Robert Falcon Scott For services as leader or the National Antarctic Expedition, and for his great sledge journey to 82° 17′ S
1903 Douglas Freshfield In recognition of his valuable contributions to our knowledge of the Caucasus Captain Otto Sverdrup For important discoveries in Jones Sound and for the important part he played as captain of the Fram during Dr. Nansen’s famous expedition
1902[2] General Sir Frederick Lugard For persistent attention to African Geography Major Percy Molesworth Sykes For journeys in Persia and for the support given by him to native explorers
1901 HRH The Duke of the Abruzzi For his journey to the summit of Mount St Elias, and for his Arctic voyage in the Stella Polare Dr. Donaldson Smith For a memorable journey across the unknown parts of Lake Rudolf and the Omo

Recipients (1832-1900)[edit]

Date Founder's Medal Contribution Patron's Medal Contribution
1900 Captain H. H. P. Deasy For exploring and survey work in Central Asia James McCarthy For great services to geographical science in exploring and mapping all parts of the kingdom of Siam
1899 Captain G. L. Binger For valuable work within the great bend of the Niger Fernand Foureau For continuous exploration in the Sahara
1898 Sven Hedin For important exploring work in Central Asia Lieutenant Robert E. Peary, USN For explorations in Northern Greenland, and especially for discovering the northern termination of the Greenland ice
1897 P. Semenoff For his long-continued efforts in promoting Russian exploration in Central Asia George Mercer Dawson For exploration in the North West Territories and Alaska
1896 Sir William MacGregor For services to geography in British New Guinea, in exploring, mapping and giving information on the natives St. George Littledale For important journeys in the Pamirs and Central Asia
1895 Dr. John Murray For services to physical geography, especially oceanography, and for his work on board the Challenger The Hon. George Curzon For travels and researches in Persia, French Indo-China, the Hindu Kush, and Pamirs
1894 Captain H. Bower For his remarkable journey across Tibet, from west to east Elisée Reclus For eminent services rendered to Geography as the author of La Nouvelle Géographie Universelle
1893 Frederick Selous In recognition of twenty years’ exploration and surveys in South Africa William Woodville Rockhill For his travels and explorations in Western China and Tibet
1892 Alfred Russel Wallace The well-known naturalist and traveller and co-discoverer with Charles Darwin of the theory of natural selection, in recognition of the high geographical value of his great works Edward Whymper For his route-map and detailed survey among the Great Andes of the Equator
1891 Sir James Hector For investigations pursued as Naturalist to the Palliser expedition Fridtjof Nansen For having been first to cross the inland ice of Greenland ... as well as for his qualities as a scientific geographer
1890 Emin Pasha For the great services he rendered to Geography during his twelve years’ administration of the Equatorial Province of Egypt Lieutenant F. E. Younghusband For his journey from Manchuria and Pekin to Kashmir, and especially for his route-surveys and topographical notes
1889 A. D. Carey For his remarkable journey in Central Asia during which he travelled 4750 miles through regions never visited by an Englishman Dr. G. Radde For a life devoted to the promotion of Scientific Geography
1888 Clements R. Markham In acknowledgment or the value or his numerous contributions to geographical literature ... on his retirement from the Secretaryship of the Society after 25 years’ service Lieutenant H. Wissmann In recognition of his great achievements as an explorer in Central Africa
1887 Lieutenant-Colonel T. H. Holdich For zeal and devotion in carrying out surveys of Afghanistan Rev. G. Grenfell For extensive explorations in the Cameroons and Congo
1886 Major A. W. Greely For having so considerably added to our knowledge of the shores of the Polar Sea and the interior of Grinnell Land Guido Cora For important services as a writer and cartographer
1885 Joseph Thomson For his zeal, promptitude and success during two expeditions into East Central Africa H. E. O’Neill For his 13 journeys of exploration along the coast and into the interior of Mozambique
1884 A. R. Colquhoun For his journey from Canton to the Irrawadi Dr. Julius von Haast For his extensive explorations in the Southern Island of New Zealand
1883 Sir Joseph Hooker For eminent services to scientific geography E. Colborne Baber For scientific works during his many exploratory journeys in the interior of China
1882 Dr. Gustav Nachtigal For his journeys through the Eastern Sahara Sir John Kirk For unremitting services to Geography, as a naturalist, as second-in-command to Dr. Livingstone, and as H.M.Consul-General at Zanzibar
1881 Major Serpa Pinto For his journey across Africa ... during which he explored 500 miles of new country Benjamin Leigh Smith For important discoveries along the coast of Franz-Josef Land
1880 Lieutenant A. Louis Palander For his services in connection with the Swedish Arctic Expeditions in the Vega Ernest Giles For his explorations and surveys in Australia
1879 Colonel N. Prejevalsky For successive expeditions and route-surveys in Mongolia and the high plateau of Northern Tibet Captain N. W. J. Gill [3] For important work along the Northern frontier of Persia
1878 Baron Ferdinand von Richthofen For his extensive travels and scientific explorations in China Captain Henry Trotter For services to Geography which resulted in the connection of the Trigonometrical Survey of India with Russian Surveys from Siberia
1877 Captain Sir George Nares For having commanded the Arctic Expedition of 1875/6, during which ships and sledge parties reached a higher Northern latitude than had previously been attained Pundit Nain Singh For his great journeys and surveys in Tibet and along the Upper Brahmaputra, during which he determined the position of Lhasa and added largely to our knowledge of the map of Asia
1876 Lieutenant Verney Lovett Cameron For his journey across Africa from Zanzibar to Benguela, and his survey of Lake Tanganyika John Forrest For his numerous successful explorations in Western Australia
1875 Lieutenant Karl Weyprecht For his enterprise and ability in command of expeditions to Spitsbergen and Nova Zembla Lieutenant Julius Payer For explorations and discoveries in the Arctic regions
1874 Dr. Georg Schweinfurth For his explorations in Africa Colonel P. Egerton Warburton For his successful journey across the previously unknown western interior of Australia
1873 Ney Elias For his enterprise and ability in surveying the course of the Yellow River, and for his journey through Western Mongolia Henry Morton Stanley For his Relief of Livingstone, and for bringing his valuable journal and papers to England
1872 Colonel Henry Yule For eminent services to geography Robert B. Shaw For journeys in Eastern Turkistan, and for his extensive astronomical and hypsometrical observations
1871 Sir Roderick Murchison Who for 40 years watched over the (Royal Geographical) Society with more than paternal solicitude, and has at length placed it among the foremost of our scientific societies A. Keith Johnston For distinguished services in the promotion of physical geography
1870 George W. Hayward For his journey into Eastern Turkistan, and for reaching the Pamir Steppe Lieutenant Francis Garnier For his extensive surveys ... from Cambodia to the Yangtze-kiang … and for bringing his expedition to safety after the death of his chief
1869 Professor Baron A. E. Nordenskiöld For designing and carrying out the Swedish expeditions to Spitsbergen … whereby great additions have been

made to our acquitance with zoology, botany, geology and meteorology

Mrs. Mary Somerville Who throughout her very long life has been eminently distinguished by her proficiency in those branches of

science which form the basis of Physical Geography

1868 Dr. Augustus Petermann For his important services as a Writer and Cartographer Gerhard Rohlfs For his extensive travels in the interior of Northern Africa … and especially for his traverse of the continent from Tripoli to Lagos
1867 Admiral Alexis Boutakoff For being first to launch and navigate ships in the Sea of Aral ... and for his survey of the mouths of the Oxus Dr. Isaac Hayes For his expedition towards the open Polar Sea
1866 Dr. Thomas Thomson For his researches in the Western Himalayas and Tibet William Chandless For his Survey of the River Purus in South America
1865 Captain T. G. Montgomerie For his great trigonometrical journey from the plains of the Punjab to the Karakoram Range Samuel Baker For his vigorous explorations in the interior of Africa
1864 Captain J. A. Grant For his journey across Eastern Equatorial Africa with Captain Speke Baron Carl von der Decken For his geographical surveys of Kilimandjaro
1863 Francis Thomas Gregory For successful explorations in Western Australia John Arrowsmith For the very important services (in cartography) he has rendered to geographical science
1862 Robert O'Hara Burke In remembrance of that gallant explorer who with his companion Wills, perished after having traversed the continent of Australia Captain Thomas Blakiston For his survey of the Yangtze-kiang
1861 John Hanning Speke For his eminent geographical discoveries in Africa, and especially his discovery of the great lake Victoria Nyanza John McDouall Stuart For very remarkable explorations in the interior of Australia
1860 Lady Franklin For self-sacrificing perseverance in sending out expeditions to ascertain the fate of her husband Captain Sir F. L. McClintock For the skill and fortitude displayed by him and his companion in their search for records of the lost [Franklin] expedition and for valuable coast surveys
1859 Richard Francis Burton For his various exploratory enterprises, and especially for his perilous expedition with Captain. J. H. Speke to the great lakes in Eastern Africa John Palliser for the valuable results of his explorations in the Rocky Mountains of North America
1858 Captain Richard Collinson For discoveries in the Arctic Regions Professor Alexander Bache For extensive and accurate surveys of America
1857 Augustus C. Gregory For extensive and important explorations in Western and Northern Australia Colonel Andrew Scott Waugh For geodetical operations, as remarkable for their extent as for their accuracy, whereby [India] has been covered by triangulation
1856 Elisha Kent Kane For services and discoveries in the Polar Regions during the American Expeditions in search of Sir John Franklin Heinrich Barth For his extensive explorations in Central Africa, his excursions about Lake Chad and his perilous journey to Timbuctu
1855 David Livingstone For his recent explorations in Africa Charles John Andersson For travels in South Western Africa
1854 Admiral William Smyth For his valuable Maritime Surveys in the Mediterranean Captain Robert McClure For his remarkable exertions ... in navigating his ship through the ice of the Polar Seas, and for his discovery of the North West Passage
1853 Francis Galton For fitting out and conducting an expedition to explore the centre of Southern Africa Commander E. A. Inglefield For his enterprising survey of the coasts of Baffin Bay, Smith Sound and Lancaster Sound
1852 Dr. John Rae For his survey of Boothia under most severe privations ... and for his very important contributions to the Geography of the Arctic Captain Henry Strachey For extensive explorations and surveys in Western Tibet
1851 Dr. George Wallin For his interesting and important travels in Arabia Thomas Brunner For meritorious labours in exploring the Middle Island (South Island) of New Zealand
1850 John Charles Frémont of the U.S. Topographical Engineers For his important geographical labours in the far West of the American Continent Chronometer Watch presented to Rev. David Livingstone For his journey to the great lake of Ngami
1849 Austen Henry Layard For important contributions to Asiatic Geography, interesting researches in Mesopotamia, and for his discovery of the remains of Nineveh Baron Charles von Hugel For his enterprising exploration of Cashmere (Kashmir)
1848 Sir James Brooke For his expedition to Borneo, and the zeal he has shown in promoting geographical discovery Captain Charles Wilkes, USN For the talent and perseverance he displayed in a voyage in the Antarctic regions ... and for splendid scientific work
1847 Charles Sturt For explorations in Australia, and especially for his journey fixing the limit of Lake Torrens and penetrating into the heart of the continent to lat. 24° 30'S, long. 138° 0'E Ludwig Leichhardt For explorations in Australia, especially for his journey from Moreton Bay to Port Essington.
1846 Count P. E. de Strzelecki For exploration in the south eastern portion of Australia Professor A. von Middendorff For explorations in Northern and Eastern Siberia
1845 Dr. Charles Beke For his exploration in Abyssinia Professor Carl Ritter For his important geographical labours
1844 W. J. Hamilton For valuable researches in Asia Minor Professor Adolph Erman For important geographical labours in Siberia and Kamstchatka
1843 Edward John Eyre For his enterprising and extensive explorations in Australia, under circumstances of peculiar difficulty Lieut. John Frederick A. Symonds For his triangulation over Palestine and for his determination of the difference between the level of the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea
1842 Sir James Clark Ross For his brilliant achievement at the South Pole, to within less than 12° of which he safely navigated his vessels, discovering a great Antarctic continent Rev. Dr. Edward Robinson For his valuable work Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia
1841 Lieutenant H. Raper For excellent work on Practical Navigation and Nautical Astronomy Lieutenant John Wood For his journey to the source of the Oxus and for valuable labours on the Indus
1840 Henry Rawlinson For researches in Persian Guayana Robert H. Schomburgk For his perseverance and success in exploring the territory and investigating the resources of British Guyana
1839 Thomas Simpson For tracing the hitherto unexplored coast of North America Dr. Eduard Rüppell For his travels and researches in Nubia, Arabia and Abyssinia
1838 Colonel Francis Rawdon Chesney For valuable materials in comparative and physical geography in Syria, Mesopotamia and the delta of Susiana
1837 Captain Robert Fitzroy For his survey of the coasts of South America, from the Rio de la Plata to Guayaquil in Peru
1836 Captain Sir George Back For his recent discoveries in the Arctic, and his memorable journey down the Great Fish River
1835 Sir Alexander Burnes For his remarkable and important journeys through Persia
1834 Captain Sir John Ross For his discovery of Boothia Felix and King William Land and for his famous sojourn of four winters in the Arctic
1833 John Biscoe For his discovery of Graham’s Land and Enderby’s Land in the Antarctic
1832 Richard Lander For important services in determining the course and termination of the Niger First award

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "2015 Medals and Awards". Royal Geographical society. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  2. ^ "Royal Geographical Society" The Times (London). Saturday, 15 March 1902. (36716), p. 12.
  3. ^ "GILL, Capt William John (1843-1882)". Royal Geographical Society. Retrieved 25 August 2015. 

External links[edit]