Gold digging is a type of transactional relationship in which people, especially women, engage in relationships for money rather than love. When it turns into marriage, it is a type of marriage of convenience.
A popular association between chorus girls and gold diggers was established in 1919 by "The Gold Diggers" play, association which was also present in the subsequent film four years later, The Gold Diggers.
In 1920s and 1930s American cinema the "gold digger" was the type of femme fatale that gradually replaced the "vamp". The character type would be featured, for example, in How to Marry a Millionaire, a 1953 film starring Marilyn Monroe, alongside Schatze Page and Loco Dempsey.
- Age disparity in sexual relationships
- Mistress (lover)
- Sugar baby
- Trophy wife
- Transactional sex
- Rosenberger pp. 60
- Sharot p. 143
- "Some people even claimed the term has been coined by a Hearst newspaperman to describe Peggy and her behavior." Robenblum pp. unknown
- Sharot p. 143
- "The gold digger came to replace the vamp as the most prominent type of femme fatale." Sharot pp. 143-144
- Stephens (abstract)
- Rosenberger, Stephen. The Relation Equation. Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2014 https://books.google.com/books?id=7coSBgAAQBAJ&
- Rosenblum, Constance. Gold Digger: The Outrageous Life and Times of Peggy Hopkins Joyce. Metropolitan Books, 2015 https://books.google.com/books?id=K2MJCgAAQBAJ&
- Sharot, Stephen. Love and Marriage Across Social Classes in American Cinema. Springer, 2016 https://books.google.com/books?id=_DaIDQAAQBAJ
- Stephens, D.P. & Phillips, L.D. "Freaks, gold diggers, divas, and dykes: The sociohistorical development of adolescent African American women’s sexual scripts." Sexuality and Culture (2003) 7: 3. Springer publishing
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