List of dog crossbreeds
This is a list of common dog crossbreeds. These are crossbreed dogs created deliberately by crossing two purebred dogs. Some are known as designer dogs and are bred as companion dogs, often given portmanteau names derived from those of the parent breeds; others are bred to combine specific working qualities inherent in the parent breeds.
|Name||Picture||Parent breeds and notes|
|American Staghound||Cross of different sighthound breeds; bred in the United States as hunting dogs.|
|Beaglier||Cross of a Beagle and a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel; first deliberately bred in the 1990s by designer dog breeders in Australia as a companion dog with the aim of reducing the scent-hunting drive common in Beagles.|
|Cavoodle or Cavapoo||Cross of a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and a Poodle; first deliberately bred by designer dog breeders in Australia as a companion dog with similar traits to the Cockapoo, but in a smaller size.|
|Chiweenie||Cross of a Chihuahua and a Dachshund.|
|Chorkie||Cross of a Chihuahua and a Yorkshire Terrier.|
|Chug||Cross of a Chihuahua and a Pug.|
|Cockapoo||Cross of a Cocker Spaniel and a Miniature Poodle; bred as companion dogs. Cocker Spaniels and Poodles have been deliberately crossed by designer dog breeders in the United States from the 1960s onward.|
|Dorgi||Cross of a Dachshund and a Pembroke Welsh Corgi; they were first bred when one of Queen Elizabeth's Corgis mated with Pipkin, a Dachshund that belonged to Princess Margaret; the Queen found them so appealing that a number of subsequent matings were arranged.|
|Eurohound||Cross of an Alaskan Husky and various Pointers.|
|Gerberian Shepsky||Cross of a German Shepherd and a Siberian Husky; it has the German Shepherd's upright ears and coat colour and the Siberian Husky's thick coat, marginally wider face and mask.|
|Goldador||Cross of a Golden Retriever and a Labrador Retriever; examples have been used as guide dogs, search and rescue dogs, and drug detection dogs, as well as companion dogs.|
|Goldendoodle||Cross of a Golden Retriever and a Poodle. Bred as a companion dog, designer dog breeders in Australia and the United States first started deliberately crossing Golden Retrievers with Standard Poodles in the 1990s as an alternative to the Labradoodle.|
|Jackabee||Cross of a Jack Russell Terrier and a Beagle.|
|Jug||Cross of a Jack Russell Terrier and a Pug.|
|Kangaroo hound||Cross of different sighthound breeds; bred in Australia for hunting ability.|
|Labradoodle||Cross of a Labrador Retriever and a Poodle; first bred in Australia in the 1980s with the hope of creating a guide dog suitable for blind people that are allergic to dog hair; now a popular companion dog.|
|Longdog||Cross of different sighthound breeds; bred in the British Isles as hunting dogs.|
|Lurcher||Traditionally a cross of a Collie and a Greyhound, but can be any herding dog or terrier crossed with a sighthound; bred in the British Isles as hunting dogs.|
|Mal-shi||Cross of a Maltese and a Shih Tzu; first deliberately bred by Australian designer dog breeders in the 1990s as companion dogs.|
|Maltipoo||Cross of a Maltese and a Poodle|
|Peekapoo||Cross of a Pekingese and a Poodle.|
|Pomchi||Cross of a Pomeranian and a Chihuahua, the Pomchi is bred as a small lap dog; height usually ranges from 6 to 9 inches (15.2 to 22.9 cm) and weight 2 to 5 pounds (0.9 to 2.3 kg), it can be any solid colour or parti-colour.|
|Puggle||Cross of a Pug and a Beagle. Puggles were first bred as companion dogs in the 1990s in the United States, where they remain very popular; they are typically 13–15 in (33–38 cm) in height and 18–30 lb (8.2–13.6 kg) in weight.|
|Schnoodle||Cross of a Schnauzer and a Poodle; bred as companion dogs from the 1980s onward, they can be bred from Miniature, Standard or Giant Schnauzers crossed with Toy, Miniature or Standard Poodles; the offspring vary in size according to the various parent size varieties bred.|
|Sheepadoodle||Cross of an Old English Sheepdog and a Poodle.|
|Shih-poo||Cross of a Shih Tzu and a Poodle; bred as a companion dog with the possibility of it inheriting a hypoallergenic coat; height ranges from 9 to 14 inches (23 to 36 cm) and weight ranges from 9 to 16 pounds (4.1 to 7.3 kg).|
|Springador||Also called the Labradinger; a cross of an English Springer Spaniel and a Labrador Retriever; often the result of unplanned matings, they are often used as gundogs; height ranges from 18 to 22 inches (46 to 56 cm) and weight ranges from 55 to 90 pounds (25 to 41 kg).|
|Texas Heeler||Cross of an Australian Cattle Dog (a.k.a. Blue Heeler) and either an Australian Shepherd or a Border Collie; bred in the United States for the crosses’ ability to work cattle.|
|Westiepoo||Cross of a West Highland White Terrier and a Poodle.|
|Yorkiepoo||Cross of a Yorkshire Terrier and a Poodle; bred as a companion dog; the Yorkiepoo, despite variations, is one of the smallest poodle crossbreeds produced by designer dog breeders.|
|Zuchon||Cross of a Shih Tzu and a Bichon Frisé; bred as a companion dog.|
- Morris (2001), p. 52.
- Woolf (2007), p. 104.
- Hale (2008), p. 204.
- "Dogs 101: Chiweenie". Animal Planet. Retrieved June 19, 2021.
- Andersen (2006).
- Mooallem (2007).
- Oxford University Press (2019), "Cockapoo".
- Fogle (2009), p. 393.
- Oxford University Press (2019), "Dorgi".
- Morris (2001), p. 499.
- Conklin (2019).
- Woolf (2007), p. 30.
- Oxford University Press (2019), "Goldendoodle".
- Woolf (2007), p. 52.
- DK Publishing (2013), p. 294.
- Hancock (2012), pp. 104–105.
- Oxford University Press (2019), "Labradoodle".
- Fogle (2009), p. 392.
- Oxford University Press (2019), "Longdog".
- Hancock (2012), p. 90.
- Woolf (2007), p. 92.
- Merriam-Webster (2020), "Maltipoo".
- HarperCollins (2020), "Peekapoo".
- Gagne (2007), pp. 16–17.
- Oxford University Press (2019), "Puggle".
- Woolf (2007), pp. 98–100.
- Merriam-Webster (2020), "Schnoodle".
- Woolf (2007), pp. 46–47.
- Weird But True (2018), p. 45.
- Hochberg (2007), p. 141.
- Pickeral (2014), p. 292.
- DK Publishing (2013), p. 295.
- Vorwald Dohner (2016), p. 219.
- Choron & Choron (2005), p. 211.
- Merriam-Webster (2020), "Yorkie-poo".
- Woolf (2007), p. 80.
- Hall (2016), p. 444.
- Andersen, Erin (23 July 2006), "Custom canines", Lincoln Journal Star, archived from the original on 22 December 2019, retrieved 23 December 2019.
- Choron, Sandra; Choron, Harry (2005). Planet Dog: A Doglopedia. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 9780618517527. Retrieved 2020-09-26.
- Conklin, Lisa Marie (16 July 2019), "The Cutest Mixed Breed Dogs You'll Want to Bring Home", Reader's Digest, archived from the original on 22 December 2019, retrieved 23 December 2019.
- DK Publishing (2013). The dog encyclopedia: the definitive visual guide. New York: Dorling Kindersley Limited. ISBN 978-1-4654-0844-0.
- Fogle, Bruce (2009). The encyclopedia of the dog. New York: DK Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7566-6004-8.
- Gagne, Tammy (2007). Designer dogs. Neptune City, NJ: TFH Publications. ISBN 978-0-7938-3791-5.
- Hale, Rachael (2008). Dogs:101 adorable breeds. Kansas City: Andrews McMeel Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7407-7342-6.
- Hall, Derek (2016). The ultimate guide to dog breeds: a useful means of identifying the dog breeds of the world and how to care for them. New York: Chartwell Books. ISBN 978-0-7858-3441-0.
- Hancock, David (2012). Sighthounds: their form, their function and their future. Ramsbury, Wiltshire: The Crowood Press. ISBN 978-1-84797-392-4.
- HarperCollins (2020), Collins Dictionary, HarperCollins Publishers L.L.C.
- Hochberg, Ilene (2007). Dogs by Design: How to Find the Right Mixed Breed for You. New York: Sterling Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4027-4354-2. Retrieved 2019-12-23.
- Hodgson, Sarah (2019). Puppies For Dummies (4 ed.). Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley. ISBN 978-1-119-55847-7. Retrieved 2019-12-22.
- Merriam-Webster (2020), Merriam-Webster Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Inc.
- Mooallem, Jon (4 February 2007), "The Modern Kennel Conundrum", New York Times Magazine, retrieved 7 December 2019.
- Morris, Desmond (2001). Dogs: The Ultimate Dictionary of over 1,000 Dog Breeds. North Pomfret, VT: Trafalgar Square Publishing. ISBN 1-57076-219-8.
- Oxford University Press (2019), Oxford Dictionary, Lexico.com.
- Pickeral, Tamsin (2014). Unleashed. San Diego: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-1-62686-273-9. Retrieved 2019-12-22.
- Vorwald Dohner, Janet (2016). Farm dogs: a comprehensive breed guide to 93 guardians, herders, terriers and other canine working partners. North Adams, MA: Storey Publishing. ISBN 9781612125930.
- Weird But True! 4: 300 Outrageous Facts. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Kids. 2018. ISBN 978-1-4263-3110-7. Retrieved 2019-12-22.
- Woolf, Norma Bennet (2007). Hot dogs: fourteen of the top designer dogs. Hauppauge, New York: B.E.S. Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7641-3512-5.