Golden-crowned manakin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Golden-crowned manakin
Lepidothrix vilasboasi MNB 59.27 DSCF5194 cropped.png
Adult male from above
(Paratype in Berlin's Natural History Museum)
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Pipridae
Genus: Lepidothrix
Species:
L. vilasboasi
Binomial name
Lepidothrix vilasboasi
(Sick, 1959)
Synonyms

Pipra vilasboasi Sick, 1959

The golden-crowned manakin (Lepidothrix vilasboasi) is a small species of perching bird in the manakin family (Pipridae). It is endemic to the south-central Amazon Rainforest in Brazil, and it is threatened by habitat loss.

Discovery and reccovery[edit]

Helmut Sick described this species in 1959 based on a series of specimens collected a few years before near a small tributary of the upper Rio Cururu-ri in the east Brazilian Amazon. The species was only rediscovered (in part due to confusion over the original type locality) in 2002[2] and is now known from a number of locations in an area bordered by the Jamanxim and Tapajos rivers and the Cachimbo Range.[3]

Hybrid speciation[edit]

Genomic analyses indicates that the species is of hybrid origin between the opal-crowned manakin and snow-capped manakin and may represent one of a few cases of hybrid species in birds.[3] The golden-crowned manakin closely resembles both its parent species with the exception of its unique yellow crown. The white crown of the snow-capped manakin and the opalescent crown of the opal-crowned manakin represent structural colours produced by different nanostructural organizations of the feather barb keratin matrix.

The yellow crown of the golden-crowned manakin is intermediate between the two parent species which is thought to have disrupted the structural mechanisms of the parents leading to the much duller look of its crown. Following hybridization, sexual selection is proposed to have favored sequestration of yellow producing carotenoid pigments into the crown as a way to render males more attractive to females.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2013). "Lepidothrix vilasboasi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ Olmos, F.; Pacheco, J.F. (2003). "Rediscovery of golden-crowned manakin Lepidothrix vilasboasi". Cotinga. 20: 48–50.
  3. ^ a b c Barrera-Guzman, A.O.; Aleixo, A.; Shawkey, M.D.; Weir, J.T. (2017). "Hybrid speciation leads to novel male secondary sexual ornamentation of an Amazonian bird". PNAS. doi:10.1073/pnas.1717319115.

External links[edit]