Golden Age of Television (2000s–present)

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In the United States, the current Golden Age of Television has been a period widely regarded as being marked by a large number of high quality, internationally acclaimed television programs.[1][2][3][4] Various sources have identified the beginning of this period as the early 1980s,[5] the late 1980s-early 1990s,[6] the mid-to-late 1990s,[7] or the early 2000s.[8] It is believed to have resulted from advances in technologies of media distribution,[9][10] as well as a large increase in the number of hours of available television, which has prompted a major wave of content creation.[11]

Its name refers to the original Golden Age of Television which occurred in the 1950s. It has also been referred to as the "New", "Second" or "Third Golden Age of Television" ("third" being used when a period in the early 1980s is considered a separate second Golden Age).[9][12][13][14][10][15] The era has also been called Peak TV.

History[edit]

French scholar Alexis Pichard has argued that TV series enjoyed a Second Golden Age [16] starting in the 2000s which was a combination of three elements: first, an improvement in both visual aesthetics and storytelling; second, an overall homogeneity between cable series and networks series; and third, a tremendous popular success. Pichard contends that this Second Golden Age was the result of a revolution initiated by the traditional networks in the 1980s and carried on by the cable channels (especially HBO) in the 1990s.[17]

Shows such as The Sopranos (which first aired in 1999), Six Feet Under (2001), The Wire (2002), Deadwood,[18] Mad Men (2007), Breaking Bad, (2008), and Game of Thrones (2011), are generally considered the basis of the so-called Golden Age of Television, (i.e. the new creator-driven tragic dramas of the 2000s and 2010s).[15][19][20] The Writer's Guild of America vote for 101 Best Written TV Shows includes a complete foundation of the current Golden Age of Television. [21]

Stephanie Zacharek of The Village Voice has argued that the current golden age began earlier with network shows like Babylon 5 and Star Trek: Deep Space Nine (both of which premiered in 1993), and Buffy the Vampire Slayer (1997).[7] Matt Zoller Seitz argues that it began in the 1980s with Hill Street Blues (1981) and St. Elsewhere (1982).[22] Kirk Hamilton of Kotaku has said that Avatar: The Last Airbender (2005) should be considered a part of the golden age of television, and recommended "the sophisticated kids show" to others.[23] With the rise of instant access to content on Netflix, creator-driven television shows like Breaking Bad, The Shield (2002), Friday Night Lights (2006) and Mad Men gained cult followings that grew to become widely popular. The success of instant access to television shows was presaged by the popularity of DVDs, and continues to increase with the rise of digital platforms and online companies.

The increase in the number of shows is also cited as evidence of a Golden Age, or peak TV. In the five years between 2011 and 2016, the number of scripted television shows, on broadcast, cable and digital platforms increased by 71%. In 2002, 182 television shows aired, while 2016 had 455 original scripted television shows and 495 in 2018. The number of shows are rising largely due to companies like Netflix, Amazon Video and Hulu investing heavily in original content. The number of shows aired by online service increased from only one in 2009 to over 93 in 2016. John Landgraf, the CEO of FX Networks, has stated that the amount of television series being aired during peak TV could be overwhelming for the viewer to choose from, especially for critics obligated to review as many shows as possible, which results in a decreased output of television series in the future.[24][25][26][27][28][29] An increasing reliance on rebooting and reviving existing franchises led to widespread belief that the Golden Age of Television was ending in the late 2010s,[30] with the caveat that some of these reboots (such as Girl Meets World)[31] share the positive reception and complex character development of original shows of the era.

Characteristics of this golden age are complicated characters described as morally ambiguous at best, questionable behavior and all, complex plots and eager forays into R-rated territory. [32][33][34]

List of selected important and notable figures[edit]

Showrunners

Actors

Hosts

List of selected important and notable outlets[edit]

Terrestrial networks[edit]

Cable/Satellite channels[edit]

Foreign networks[edit]

Over-the-top services[edit]

List of selected important and notable shows[edit]

References[edit]

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  3. ^ McGinty, Stephen. "A golden age of television?". The Scotsman. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  4. ^ McIntosh, Farquar. "ITV share price: Broadcaster calls for retransmission payments". Invezz. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
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  281. ^ The 50 Funniest TV Comedies of All Time-Complex
  282. ^ Why the Golden Age of TV Was Really Born in the 1980s-Vulture
  283. ^ How TV Became Art-The New Yorker
  284. ^ In the “Golden Age” of Television, Spring Is The New Fall
  285. ^ Why the Golden Age of TV Was Really Born in the 1980s-Vulture
  286. ^ Faith and the New Golden Age of Late-Night TV-RELEVANT Magazine
  287. ^ Faith and the New Golden Age of Late-Night TV-RELEVANT Magazine
  288. ^ The Great Sci-Fi TV Boom of 2018-The Ringer
  289. ^ How America fell in love with British TV-Telegraph
  290. ^ The Emmy Nominations And TV’s New Golden Age
  291. ^ How America fell in love with British TV-Telegraph
  292. ^ Making A Case For The ’90s, Television’s ‘Other’ Golden Age-UPROXX
  293. ^ Making A Case For The ’90s, Television’s ‘Other’ Golden Age-UPROXX
  294. ^ Making A Case For The ’90s, Television’s ‘Other’ Golden Age-UPROXX
  295. ^ Disney Channel's Golden Ages-Odyessy
  296. ^ The Great Sci-Fi TV Boom of 2018-The Ringer
  297. ^ Why the Golden Age of TV Was Really Born in the 1980s-Vulture
  298. ^ Are we really in a 'second golden age for television'?-The Guardian
  299. ^ Making A Case For The ’90s, Television’s ‘Other’ Golden Age-UPROXX
  300. ^ Disney Channel's Golden Ages-Odyessy
  301. ^ Faith and the New Golden Age of Late-Night TV-RELEVANT Magazine
  302. ^ Faith and the New Golden Age of Late-Night TV-RELEVANT Magazine
  303. ^ Making A Case For The ’90s, Television’s ‘Other’ Golden Age-UPROXX
  304. ^ Are We Close To A Second Golden Age of TV Animation?-CBR.com
  305. ^ 'American Idol' And The Golden Age Of Reality Television-TVBlog
  306. ^ Can We Watch Enough for TV's 'Golden Age' to Last?-AdAge
  307. ^ Are we really in a 'second golden age for television'?-The Guardian
  308. ^ Making A Case For The ’90s, Television’s ‘Other’ Golden Age-UPROXX
  309. ^ The new, new TV golden age-CNN
  310. ^ Making A Case For The ’90s, Television’s ‘Other’ Golden Age-UPROXX
  311. ^ The 30 Best Animated Shows Since The Simpsons|Vanity Fair
  312. ^ Twin Peaks ushers in the second Golden Age of television
  313. ^ David Lynch: Even now, in a TV golden age, too hip for the room?-Chicago Tribune
  314. ^ ’30 Rock’ Is The Most Rewatchable Comedy Of TV’s Golden Age
  315. ^ Meet the dramedy queens: the women who built TV’s new golden age-The Guardian
  316. ^ How we entered the “second golden age” of TV
  317. ^ Making A Case For The ’90s, Television’s ‘Other’ Golden Age-UPROXX
  318. ^ Making A Case For The ’90s, Television’s ‘Other’ Golden Age-UPROXX
  319. ^ Why the Golden Age of TV Was Really Born in the 1980s-Vulture
  320. ^ Making A Case For The ’90s, Television’s ‘Other’ Golden Age-UPROXX
  321. ^ Why the Golden Age of TV Was Really Born in the 1980s-Vulture

See also[edit]

External links[edit]