Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film
The Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film is one of the awards presented at the Golden Globes, an American film awards ceremony.
Until 1986, it was known as the Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Film, meaning that any non-American film could be honoured. In 1987, it was changed to Best Foreign Language Film, so that non-American English-language films are now considered for the Best Motion Picture awards. Additionally, this change makes American films primarily in another language eligible for this award, including recent winner Letters from Iwo Jima and nominees Apocalypto, The Kite Runner, and In the Land of Blood and Honey.
Note that since the 1987 change in the criteria for this award, its eligibility criteria have been considerably broader than those for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. American films have never been eligible for this award, and even non-U.S. films had to have principal dialogue in a native (non-English) language of the submitting country until 2006.
Before 1974, the award was given only infrequently, and with several films being jointly honoured per year.
The most honored country in this category is United Kingdom, with seven films honored. The most honoured countries after 1987 are Spain and France.
Like the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, this award does not require that an eligible film be released in the United States. The official rules for the award state that submitted films must be at least 70 minutes in length and have at least 51% of their dialogue in a language other than English, and that they be "first released in their country of origin during the 14-months period from November 1 to December 31, prior to the Awards". Films that were not released in their country of origin due to censorship qualify with a one-week release in the U.S. during the specified period.
The Hollywood Foreign Press Association (HFPA), presenter of the Golden Globes, also does not limit the number of submitted films from a given country. This differs from the practice of the Academy Awards' presenter, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), which limits each country to one submission per year.
The two presenting organizations also differ slightly in their eligibility practices with respect to other awards. All foreign-language films, even those not submitted or not eligible for the Best Foreign Language Film Oscar, are eligible for all other Academy Awards as long as they are released in Los Angeles County, California during the award year. The HFPA, however, specifically makes foreign-language films ineligible for its two Best Picture Awards for live-action films (Best Drama and Best Musical or Comedy).
Best Foreign-Language Foreign Film
- 1948: Hamlet (United Kingdom)
- 1949: The Bicycle Thief (Ladri di biciclette) (Italy)
- 1954: Twenty-Four Eyes (Nijushi no hitomi) (Japan); No Way Back (Weg Ohne Umkehr) (West Germany); The Lady of the Camellias (Argentina); Genevieve (United Kingdom)
- 1955: Ordet (The Word) (Denmark); Stella (Greece); Sons, Mothers, and a General (Kinder, Mutter und Ein General) (West Germany); Eyes of Children (Japan); Dangerous Curves (United Kingdom);
- 1956: Before Sundown (Vor Sonnenuntergang) (West Germany); The Girl in Black (To Koritsi me ta mavra) (Greece); Roses on the Arm (Taiyo to bara) (Japan); War and Peace (Italy); The White Reindeer (Valkoinen Peura) (Finland)
- 1957: Confessions of Felix Krull (Bekenntnisse des Hochstaplers Felix Krull) (West Germany); Tizoc (Mexico); Yellow Crow (Kiiroi karasu) (Japan)
- 1958: Girl and the River (L'Eau vive) (France); The Road a Year Long (Cesta duga godinu dana) (Yugoslavia); Rosemary (Das Mädchen Rosemarie) (West Germany)
- 1959: Die Brücke (The Bridge) (West Germany); Black Orpheus (Orfeu Negro) (Brazil/France); Odd Obsession (Kagi) (Japan); Wild Strawberries (Smultronstället) (Sweden); Wir Wunderkinder (West Germany)
- 1960: Samuel Goldwyn Award: The Virgin Spring (Jungfrukällan) (Sweden); The Truth (La Vérité) (France)
- 1961: Two Women (La ciociara) (Italy)
- 1964: Matrimonio all'italiana (Marriage Italian-Style) (Italy); Sallah Shabati (Israel)
Best Foreign Film – English Language
Awards for Foreign Language Films
1965-1972: Best Foreign Film – Foreign Language
1973-1985: Best Foreign Film
1986–present: Best Foreign Language Film
- The winner in each year is shown with a blue background.
- "†" indicates the winner of the Academy Award.
- "‡" indicates a Golden Globe Award nominee that was nominated for an Academy Award
- "§" indicates a Golden Globe Award-winning film that was not ≤nominated for an Academy Award in this category.∩
|Year||English title||Original title||Country||Director|
|Best Foreign Film – Foreign Language|
|1965||Juliet of the Spirits||Giulietta degli spiriti||Italy||Federico Fellini|
|Always Further On||Tarahumara, cada vez más lejos||Mexico||Luis Alcoriza|
|Circle of Love||La ronde||France||Roger Vadim|
|Red Beard||赤ひげ / Akahige||Japan||Akira Kurosawa|
|The Umbrellas of Cherbourg||Les parapluies de Cherbourg||France||Jacques Demy|
|1966||A Man and a Woman||Un homme et une femme||France||Claude Lelouch|
|The Birds, the Bees and the Italians||Signore & signori||Italy||Pietro Germi|
|Impossible on Saturday||Pas question le samedi||France||Alex Joffé|
|Loves of a Blonde||Lásky jedné plavovlásky||Czechoslovakia||Miloš Forman|
|1967||Live for Life||Vivre pour vivre||France||Claude Lelouch|
|Closely Watched Trains||Ostře sledované vlaky||Czechoslovakia||Jiří Menzel|
|Elvira Madigan||Sweden||Bo Widerberg|
|The Stranger||Lo straniero||France||Luchino Visconti|
|1968||War and Peace||Voyna i mir||USSR||Sergei Bondarchuk|
|The Bride Wore Black||La mariée était en noir||France||François Truffaut|
|I Even Met Happy Gypsies||Skupljaci perja||Yugoslavia||Aleksandar Petrović|
|Stolen Kisses||Baisers volés||France||François Truffaut|
|Ådalen 31||Ådalen '31||Sweden||Bo Widerberg|
|Blaumilch Canal||Te'alat Blaumilch||Israel||Ephraim Kishon|
|Girls in the Sun||Koritsia ston ilio||Greece||Vasilis Georgiadis|
|Satyricon||Fellini - Satyricon||Italy||Federico Fellini|
- Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film (List of Academy Award winners and nominees for Best Foreign Language Film)
- BAFTA Award for Best Film Not in the English Language
- "Best Foreign Language Film". goldenglobes. Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- Hollywood Foreign Press Association. "Golden Globe Award Consideration: Best Foreign Language Film Submission" (PDF). Retrieved February 29, 2012.
- Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. "84th Annual Academy Awards of Merit: Rules" (PDF). Retrieved February 29, 2012. See especially Rule 14, "Special Rules for the Foreign Language Film Award".