Jump to content

Golden Horse Film Festival and Awards

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Golden Horse Film Festival and Awards
Traditional Chinese台北金馬影展
Simplified Chinese台北金马影展
Hanyu PinyinTáiběi Jīnmǎ Yǐngzhǎn
Wade–GilesT'aipei Chinma Yingchan
Tongyong PinyinTáiběi Jīnmǎ Yǐngjhǎn
IPA[tʰǎɪpèɪ tɕínmà ìŋʈʂàn]
JyutpingToi4baak1 Gam1maa5 Jeng2zin2
Hokkien POJTâi-pak Kim-má iáⁿ-tián
Awarded forExcellence in Chinese-language cinema
Presented byTaipei Golden Horse Film Festival Executive Committee
First awarded1962; 62 years ago (1962)
← 59th · Current: 60th Golden Horse Awards

The Taipei Golden Horse Film Festival and Taipei Golden Horse Awards (Chinese: 台北金馬影展; pinyin: Táiběi Jīnmǎ Yǐngzhǎn; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tâi-pak Kim-má iáⁿ-tián) are a film festival and associated awards ceremony held annually in Taiwan.[1][2] The festival and ceremony were founded in 1962 by the Government Information Office of the Republic of China (ROC) in Taiwan and is now run as an independent organisation.[3] The awards ceremony is usually held in November or December in Taipei, although the event has also been held in other locations in Taiwan in recent times.[4]


Since 1990 (the 27th awards ceremony), the festival and awards has been organized and funded by the Motion Picture Development Foundation R.O.C., which set up the Taipei Golden Horse Film Festival Executive Committee. The Committee consists of nine to fifteen film scholars and film scholars on the executive board, which includes the Chairman and CEO. Under the Committee, there are five different departments: the administration department for internal administrative affairs, guest hospitality and cross-industry collaboration; the marketing department which is responsible for event planning and promotion, advertising and publications; the project promotion department attending to the execution of the project meetings; the competition department which is in charge of the competition and awards ceremony; and the festival department which is devoted to festival planning, curation of films and invitation of filmmakers, subtitle transition and production and all on-site arrangements during the festival.[5]

The awards ceremony is Taiwan’s equivalent to the Academy Awards,[6][7] and was considered among the most prestigious film awards in the Chinese-speaking world for decades until the mainland Chinese boycott in 2019.[8][9][10][11] The awards are contested by Chinese-language submissions from Taiwan, Hong Kong, mainland China and elsewhere. It is one of the four major Chinese-language film awards, along with Hong Kong Film Award, Golden Rooster Awards and Hundred Flowers Awards, also among the most prestigious and respected film awards in the Chinese-speaking film industry. It is also one of the major annual awards presented in Taiwan along with Golden Bell Awards for television production and Golden Melody Awards for music.

The Golden Horse awards ceremony is held after a month-long festival showcasing some of the nominated feature films for the awards. A substantial number of the film winners in the history of the awards have been Hong Kong productions. The submission period is usually around July to August each year and nominations are announced around October with the ceremony held in November or December. Although it has been held once a year; however, it was stopped in 1964 and 1974 and boycotted in the after-ceremony in 2018.[12][13] Winners are selected by a jury of judges and awarded a Golden Horse statuette during the broadcast ceremony.


In May 1962, the Government Information Office of the Republic of China (ROC) enacted the "Mandarin Film Award Regulation of Year 1962" to officially found the Golden Horse Awards. The name Golden Horse (金馬) is a common political term that originates from the islands of Kinmen, Quemoy, or "the Golden Gate" ( jīnmén) and Matsu or "the Ancestral Horse"( ), which are under ROC control. The reasons were purely political, as these islands were ROC offshore islands that protected them from the mainland, and were heavily fortified during the Cold War. This was to imply the ROC's sovereignty over territories controlled by the People's Republic of China.[5]

The awards ceremony was established to boost the Chinese-language film industry and to award outstanding Chinese-language films and filmmakers.[14] It is one of the most prestigious awards in the film industry in Asia. It has been helping the development of movies in Chinese as it provides great support and encouragement to the filmmakers. Moreover, it intends to introduce excellent films to Taiwanese audience from around the world to stimulate exchange of ideas and inspire creativity.[5]

In 2019, the China Film Administration prohibited mainland Chinese films and filmmakers from participating in the Golden Horse awards, due to political tensions stemming from a Taiwanese filmmaker's award acceptance speech advocating for Taiwan's independence in the previous year.[15] Chinese state broadcaster CCTV cited this incident from the previous year's ceremony as the reason for the ban.[16] Taiwanese filmmaker Ang Lee, who was the Golden Horse Awards Committee’s chairman, commented on the situation, highlighting how politics can negatively impact the arts.[17] Subsequently, Hong Kong director Johnnie To resigned as the jury president for the 2019 Golden Horse Awards citing prior film production commitments as the reason for his resignation.[18]

Entries and eligibility[edit]

The awards ceremony pays attention not only to commercial movies but also to artistic films and documentaries. There has been some criticism of this from those who believe that this will not help the Taiwanese commercial movie industry much. However, the awards ceremony plays a significant role in helping the movie industry and drawing more people’s attention to Chinese-language movies.

Under current regulations, any film made primarily in the Chinese language is eligible for competition. Since 1996, a liberalization act allows for films from mainland China to enter the Awards. Several awards have been given to mainland Chinese artists and films, including Jiang Wen's In the Heat of the Sun in 1996, Best Actor for Xia Yu in 1996, Joan Chen's Xiu Xiu: The Sent Down Girl in 1999, Best Actress for Qin Hailu in 2001 and Lu Chuan's Kekexili: Mountain Patrol in 2004.

Awards ceremonies[edit]

Ceremony Date Host(s) Location Broadcast station
1st 31 October 1962 Wang Yun-wu Taipei Guo Guang Cinema
2nd 31 October 1963
3rd 30 October 1965 James Shen Taipei Zhongshan Hall
4th 30 October 1966
5th 30 October 1967 BCC (Live)
6th 30 October 1968 Huang Shao-ku
7th 30 October 1969 Chung Chiao-kuang
8th 30 October 1970
9th 30 October 1971 Lo Yun-ping
10th 30 October 1972
11th 30 October 1973
12th 30 October 1975
13th 30 October 1976 Ting Mao-shih
14th 30 October 1977 Hsu Ching-chung
15th 31 October 1978 Wang Hao, Ivy Ling Po
16th 2 November 1979 Chiang Kuang Chao, Sylvia Chang Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall (Taipei)
17th 3 November 1980
18th 30 October 1981 Li Tao, Josephine Siao Kaohsiung Cultural Center CTS
19th 24 October 1982 Terry Hu, Chiang Kuang-chao Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall (Taipei) CTV
20th 16 November 1983 Sun Yueh, Tien Niu Kaohsiung Cultural Center TTV
21st 18 November 1984 Wang Kuan-hsiung, Yao Wei Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall (Taipei) CTS
22nd 3 November 1985 Sun Yueh, Terry Hu Kaohsiung Cultural Center
23rd 30 November 1986 Chang Hsiao-yen, Eric Tsang Taipei Cultural Center
24th 29 October 1987 Chang Hsiao-yen, David Tao CTS
25th 5 November 1988 Sylvia Chang, David Tao Taipei Gymnasium TTV
26th 9 December 1989 Ba Ge, Yin Shia National Theater and Concert Hall, Taipei CTV
27th 10 December 1990 Chang Hsiao-yen, James Wong CTS
28th 4 December 1991 Raymond Lam, Sibelle Hu TTV
29th 12 December 1992 Chang Hsiao-yen, Lawrence Cheng Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall (Taipei) CTV
30th 4 December 1993 Sun Yueh, Fang Fang-fang
31st 10 December 1994 Regina Tsang, Kenny Bee, Chang Shih
32nd 9 December 1995 Chang Hsiao-yen, Sylvia Chang
33rd 14 December 1996 Hu Gua, Cally Kwong Kaohsiung Cultural Center CTS, Star Chinese Movies
34th 13 December 1997 Hsui Hao-ping, Sandra Ng Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall (Taipei) ETTV
35th 12 December 1998 Isabel Kao, Jacky Wu CTV, Star Chinese Movies
36th 12 December 1999 Wakin Chau, Matilda Tao TVBS Entertainment Channel
37th 2 December 2000 Matilda Tao, Stephen Fung, Nicky Wu Much TV
38th 8 December 2001 Kevin Tsai, Isabel Kao Hualien Stadium EBC
39th 16 November 2002 Carol Cheng, Kevin Tsai Kaohsiung Cultural Center TVBS Entertainment Channel
40th 13 December 2003 Tainan Municipal Cultural Center
41st 4 December 2004 Kevin Tsai, Lin Chi-ling Zhongshan Hall (Taichung)
42nd 13 November 2005 Hu Gua, Patty Hou Keelung Cultural Center Azio TV
43rd 25 November 2006 Kevin Tsai, Patty Hou Taipei Arena
44th 8 December 2007 Pauline Lan, Blackie Chen, Angela Chow Star Chinese Movies, Phoenix Television
45th 6 December 2008 Carol Cheng, Blackie Chen Zhongshan Hall (Taichung) Star Chinese Movies
46th 28 November 2009 Matilda Tao New Taipei City Hall Azio TV
47th 20 November 2010 Kevin Tsai, Dee Hsu Taoyuan Arts Center TTV
48th 26 November 2011 Eric Tsang, Bowie Tsang Hsinchu Performing Arts Center
49th 24 November 2012 Bowie Tsang, Huang Bo Luodong Cultural Factory
50th 23 November 2013 Kevin Tsai Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall (Taipei)
51st 22 November 2014 Mickey Huang, Ella Chen
52nd 21 November 2015 Mickey Huang, Lin Chi-ling
53rd 26 November 2016 Matilda Tao
54th 25 November 2017
55th 17 November 2018
56th 23 November 2019
57th 21 November 2020
58th 27 November 2021 Austin Lin
59th 19 November 2022 Hsieh Ying-xuan
60th 25 November 2023 Lulu Huang Lu Zi Yin

Award categories[edit]

Current categories[edit]

Merit awards
English name Mandarin name First awarded
Best Narrative Feature 最佳劇情片 1962
Best Documentary Feature 最佳紀錄片 1962
Best Animated Feature 最佳動畫長片 1977
Best Live Action Short Film 最佳劇情短片 1996
Best Documentary Short Film 最佳紀錄短片 2021
Best Animated Short Film 最佳動畫短片 2016
Best Director 最佳導演 1962
Best Leading Actor 最佳男主角 1962
Best Leading Actress 最佳女主角 1962
Best Supporting Actor 最佳男配角 1962
Best Supporting Actress 最佳女配角 1962
Best New Director 最佳新導演 2010
Best New Performer 最佳新演員 2000
Best Original Screenplay 最佳原著劇本 1962
Best Adapted Screenplay 最佳改編劇本 1962
Best Cinematography 最佳攝影 1962
Best Visual Effects 最佳視覺效果 1995
Best Art Direction 最佳美術設計 1965
Best Makeup & Costume Design 最佳造型設計 1981
Best Action Choreography 最佳動作設計 1992
Best Original Film Score 最佳原創電影音樂 1962
Best Original Film Song 最佳原創電影歌曲 1979
Best Film Editing 最佳剪輯 1962
Best Sound Effects 最佳音效 1962
Special awards
English name Mandarin name First awarded
Outstanding Taiwanese Filmmaker of the Year 年度台灣傑出電影工作者 1997
Lifetime Achievement Award 終身成就獎 1993
External awards
English name Mandarin name First awarded
Audience Choice Award 觀眾票選最佳影片 1992
FIPRESCI Prize 國際影評人費比西獎 2007
NETPAC Award 亞洲電影促進聯盟奈派克獎 2007
Observation Missions for Asian Cinema Award 亞洲電影觀察團推薦獎 2015

Discontinued categories[edit]

English name Mandarin name First awarded Last awarded
Outstanding Taiwanese Film of the Year 年度台灣傑出電影 1997 2010
Best Director (Documentary) 最佳紀錄片導演 1986 1988
Best Planning (Documentary) 最佳紀錄片策劃 1962 1980
Best Cinematography (Documentary) 最佳紀錄片攝影 1962 1980
Best News Film 最佳新聞片 1968 1970
Best Directing (News Film) 最佳新聞片編導 1968 1969
Best Cinematography (News Film) 最佳新聞片攝影 1968 1969
Best Direction (Animation) 最佳卡通片編導 1977 1980
Best Child Star 最佳童星 1962 1984
Piaget Award for Best Original Screenplay 伯爵年度優秀獎 2013 2017


For the first fourteen award ceremonies, there were no regular hosts for the ceremony. Hosts began since the fifteenth ceremony; that year's hosts were Ivy Ling Po and Wang Hao. Since then, there are usually two hosts every year, sometimes with a combination of one host from Hong Kong and the other from Taiwan. A significant number of celebrities have hosted the ceremony, such as Jackie Chan, Eric Tsang, Kevin Tsai and Dee Hsu. In 2012 (the 49th awards ceremony), Bowie Tsang and Huang Bo were the hosts and Huang Bo became the first host from Mainland China in the history of the Golden Horse Film Festival and Awards.


  • In 1972, the legendary martial artist and actor Bruce Lee won the Special Jury Award, Fist of Fury.[19]
  • Hong Kong actor Tony Leung Chiu-wai has won the most Best Leading Actor awards. He won this award at the 31st, 40th and 44th awards ceremony with Chungking Express, Infernal Affairs, and Lust, Caution. He also holds the record for actor with most nominations in the Best Actor category with 7 times.
  • Hong Kong actress Maggie Cheung won the most Best Leading Actress awards. She won this award at the 26th, 28th, 34th and 37th awards ceremony with Full Moon in New York, Center Stage, Comrades: Almost a Love Story, and In the Mood for Love.
  • In 2009, at the 46th awards ceremony, for the first time, two winners were jointly awarded Best Actor: Hong Kong actor Nick Cheung and Chinese actor Huang Bo.
  • In 2006, at the 43rd awards ceremony, 9-year-old actor Ian Gouw was crowned Best Supporting Actor for his performance in After This Our Exile. He became the youngest winner in the history of the awards.
  • Taiwanese actress Loretta Yang was named Best Leading Actress at the 21st and 22nd awards ceremony. She is the first actress who won this award for two consecutive years.
  • Hong Kong actor Jackie Chan took the Best Leading Actor award at the 29th and 30th awards ceremony. He is the first actor who won this award for two consecutive years.
  • Hong Kong actor Anthony Wong has won the most Best Supporting Actor awards. He won this award at the 39th, 40th and 42nd awards ceremony with the movies Xiang Fei, Infernal Affairs and Initial D.
  • Chinese actress Wang Lai has won the most Best Supporting Actress awards. She won this award at the 3rd, 18th, 25th and 28th awards ceremony with the films Ren Zhi Chu, Xiao Hu Lu, People Between Two China and Pushing Hands.
  • Chinese director and actress Joan Chen is the first person who won awards across two categories, the Best Director (in 1998 for Xiu Xiu: The Sent Down Girl) and the Best Leading Actress. Moreover, she was the first female to win this award.
  • In 2012, the 49th awards ceremony, Huang Bo became the first host from China.
  • Also in 2012, Hong Kong actor Chapman To was nominated as the Best Actor for the movie Vulgaria and the Best Supporting Actor for the movie Diva. He is the only person who is nominated in these two categories in the same year.
  • In 2015, Taiwanese actress Karena Lam became the first person to have won the triple acting awards: Best Leading Actress, Best Supporting Actress and Best New Performer.
  • In 2017, at age 14, Taiwanese actress Vicky Chen became the youngest person to have won the Best Supporting Actress award. She is also the only performer to have been nominated for two acting awards (Best Leading Actress and Best Supporting Actress) for that year.
  • In 2020, at age 81 Taiwanese actress Chen Shu-fang became the first and oldest actress to win both Best Leading Actress and Best Supporting Actress in the same year.


  1. ^ 等著, 郭佩怜 (10 March 2020). GOOD EYE台北挑剔指南:第一本讓世界認識台北的中英文風格旅遊書【全新改版】. 時報文化出版. ISBN 978-957-13-8070-4. Archived from the original on 20 April 2024. Retrieved 2 December 2023.
  2. ^ 光華畫報雜誌社 (1 April 2019). 台灣光華雜誌2019年4月號中英文版: 翻轉城市‧設計美學. 光華畫報雜誌社. Archived from the original on 20 April 2024. Retrieved 2 December 2023.
  3. ^ Lipinsky, Astrid; Hsiao, Hsin-Huang Michael (2023). The Many Faces of Taiwan's Cultural Diplomacy: Marking the First Decade of VCTS. LIT Verlag Münster. ISBN 978-3-643-91227-5. Archived from the original on 20 April 2024. Retrieved 2 December 2023.
  4. ^ Sui, Cindy (16 November 2018). "The glamour and drama of the Oscars of Asia". BBC News. Archived from the original on 27 November 2020. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  5. ^ a b c "About Us: Introduction". Taipei Golden Horse Film Festival. Archived from the original on 31 May 2013. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
  6. ^ Sui, Cindy (16 November 2018). "Golden Horse Awards: The Oscars of Asia". Retrieved 20 April 2024.
  7. ^ Su, Alice (26 November 2019). "Threatened by the 'Chinese Oscars,' China rips the world of Chinese movies in two". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 20 April 2024.
  8. ^ Frater, Patrick (25 November 2023). "'Stonewalling' and 'Old Fox' Take Honors at Taiwan's Golden Horse Film Awards". Variety. Retrieved 20 April 2024.
  9. ^ "51st Golden Horse Awards unveiled in China's Taiwan". China Daily. 23 November 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2024.
  10. ^ Davis, Rebecca (19 November 2018). "Golden Horse Awards Ceremony Sparks Political Firestorm in China and Taiwan". Variety. Retrieved 20 April 2024.
  11. ^ "Major Golden Horse trophies all clinched by movies from mainland". CCTV News. 19 August 2017. Archived from the original on 19 August 2017. Retrieved 20 April 2024.
  12. ^ "About Us: History". Taipei Golden Horse Film Festival. Archived from the original on 13 May 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  13. ^ "Rivals step out of Shadow to win Golden Horse Awards". The Straits Times. 18 November 2018. Archived from the original on 6 April 2019. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  14. ^ "Opinion: China is Part of Taiwan, and Taiwan is Part of the World|International|2018-11-22|Opinion@CommonWealth". Archived from the original on 8 November 2020. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
  15. ^ Ng, Teddy (7 August 2019). "China to boycott Golden Horse awards in latest Taiwan offensive". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 24 February 2024. Retrieved 20 April 2024.
  16. ^ "Hong Kong film industry caught up in China's Golden Horse boycott". Screen Daily. 12 August 2019. Archived from the original on 14 August 2020. Retrieved 20 April 2024.
  17. ^ "Ang Lee Says China Boycott of Taiwan's Golden Horse Awards a Loss". The Hollywood Reporter. Associated Press. 25 November 2019. Archived from the original on 24 February 2024. Retrieved 20 April 2024.
  18. ^ Chu, Karen (20 September 2019). "Hong Kong Director Johnnie To Resigns as Golden Horse Awards Jury President Amid Beijing Boycott". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on 9 April 2022. Retrieved 20 April 2024.
  19. ^ "台北金馬影展 Taipei Golden Horse Film Festival". www.goldenhorse.org.tw. Archived from the original on 21 April 2022. Retrieved 1 April 2022.

External links[edit]