Golden Star Bank
It was established in 1982, located in Vienna, Austria, and owned by the Korea Daesong Bank. In 2003, the Austrian Interior Ministry released a report that claimed that the bank was engaging in espionage, "money-laundering, the distribution of forged currency and illegal trade with radioactive substances." The bank was closed in June 2004 amid suspicions of money laundering and the funding of North Korean arms, although there was not enough evidence to start a criminal trial. In a diplomatic cable that was later leaked on WikiLeaks, the United States Secretary of State expressed concerns that North Korea might be seeking to construct a replacement for the Golden Star Bank in Switzerland.
- "N Korea's only bank in Europe to close". The Sydney Morning Herald. AAP. 2004-04-01. Retrieved 2012-04-17.
- Lintner, Bertil (2007-01-18). "North Korea's golden path to security". Asia Times Online. p. 2. Retrieved 2012-04-17.
- Fitzpatrick, Mark, ed. (2007). Nuclear Black Markets: Pakistan, A.Q. Khan and the rise of proliferation networks. London: International Institute for Strategic Studies. p. 56. ISBN 978-0-86079-201-7. Retrieved 2012-04-18.
- Leidig, Michael (2003-07-23). "Austria accuses North Korean bank of spying". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2012-04-17.
- US Secretary of State (2007-09-05). "07STATE124655". WikiLeaks. Retrieved 2012-04-18.
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