Golden Valley County, North Dakota

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Golden Valley County, North Dakota
Golden Valley County Courthouse.jpg
Golden Valley County Courthouse in Beach
Map of North Dakota highlighting Golden Valley County
Location within the U.S. state of North Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting North Dakota
North Dakota's location within the U.S.
Founded1912
SeatBeach
Largest cityBeach
Area
 • Total1,002 sq mi (2,595 km2)
 • Land1,001 sq mi (2,593 km2)
 • Water1.6 sq mi (4 km2), 0.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)1,769
 • Density1.79/sq mi (0.69/km2)
Congressional districtAt-large
Time zoneMountain: UTC−7/−6
Websitewww.goldenvalleycounty.org

Golden Valley County is a county in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 1,680,[1] making it the fourth-least populous county in North Dakota. The county seat is Beach.[2]

The county should not be confused with the city of Golden Valley, which is located in Mercer County.

History[edit]

In the general election held November 8, 1910, the voters of Billings County chose to separate the western portion of Billings and form a new county. This result was immediately challenged in court; on September 19, 1912 the ND Supreme Court upheld the election result; therefore the legislature completed the county's organization on November 13, 1912.[3]

Golden Valley was called 'Rattlesnake Flats' by early settlers, due to the large number of the snakes found in the area. The region was dubbed Golden Valley in 1902 after a group of land surveyors noticed that the sunlight gave the surrounding grasses a distinct golden color.[4]

Election controversy[edit]

The vote in 1910 to create Golden Valley County was 837 for and 756 against. Shortly after the vote was certified, suit was filed against the Billings County Commission to overturn the result. The plaintiffs alleged that the certification of election was improper, and that certain pre-marked "unofficial" ballots printed by supporters of the new county were cast in place of official ballots, and should be voided. The trial court originally ruled in favor of the plaintiffs. The county appealed to the North Dakota Supreme Court, which upheld the county's certification of the election. The court also ruled the pre-marked ballots were invalid, but that the number of invalid votes was not sufficient to overturn the election results.[5] The court's decision upholding the new county was made on September 19, 1912, and Golden Valley was formally organized on November 13, 1912.

Geography[edit]

Golden Valley County lies on the west line of North Dakota. Its west boundary line abuts the east boundary line of the state of Montana. Beaver Creek flows east-northeastward through the upper portion of the county, and Little Missouri River flows northeastward through the SE corner of the county, with gullies flowing southeastward draining the lower county into the Little Mo River. The county terrain consists of semi-arid hills, dedicated to agriculture in the level areas. The county is small but it is unique.[6] The terrain slopes to the east and north, with its highest point on hills at the SW corner at 3,251' (991m) ASL.[7] The county has a total area of 1,002 square miles (2,600 km2), of which 1,001 square miles (2,590 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) (0.2%) is water.[8]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Lakes[6][edit]

  • Bosserman Lake
  • Camels Hump Lake
  • Odland Dam

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19204,832
19304,122−14.7%
19403,498−15.1%
19503,4990.0%
19603,100−11.4%
19702,611−15.8%
19802,391−8.4%
19902,108−11.8%
20001,924−8.7%
20101,680−12.7%
Est. 20181,769[9]5.3%
US Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2018[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 1,924 people, 761 households, and 506 families in the county. The population density was 1.92 people per square mile (0.74/km²). There were 973 housing units at an average density of 0.97 per square mile (0.37/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.77% White, 0.73% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.31% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. 1.04% of the population is Hispanic or Latino of any race. 49.4% were of German, 13.7% Norwegian and 5.6% Polish ancestry.

There were 761 households out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 4.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.40% were non-families. 31.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.01.

The county population contained 28.30% under the age of 18, 5.10% from 18 to 24, 22.20% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 21.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 92.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,967, and the median income for a family was $37,105. Males had a median income of $25,478 versus $18,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,173. About 10.80% of families and 15.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.40% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 census, there were 1,680 people, 774 households, and 429 families in the county.[14] The population density was 1.7 inhabitants per square mile (0.66/km2). There were 967 housing units at an average density of 1.0 per square mile (0.39/km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 97.4% white, 0.6% American Indian, 0.6% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.1% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.1% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 69.0% were German, 14.7% were Norwegian, 10.7% were Polish, 7.9% were Irish, 7.5% were English, and 2.5% were American.[16]

Of the 774 households, 22.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 4.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 44.6% were non-families, and 39.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.85. The median age was 45.9 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $33,333 and the median income for a family was $47,500. Males had a median income of $32,875 versus $26,750 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,899. About 8.9% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.7% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over.[17]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[6][edit]

Townships[edit]

Former townships[edit]

Unorganized territories[edit]

  • East Golden Valley
  • Elmwood (formerly a township)
  • North Golden Valley
  • South Golden Valley

Politics[edit]

Golden Valley County voters have been reliably Republican for decades. In no national election since 1936 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 83.2% 796 10.3% 99 6.5% 62
2012 80.0% 742 17.5% 162 2.6% 24
2008 73.4% 642 24.0% 210 2.6% 23
2004 77.6% 719 21.0% 195 1.4% 13
2000 75.3% 611 19.2% 156 5.5% 45
1996 56.3% 520 25.4% 235 18.3% 169
1992 45.2% 503 22.9% 255 32.0% 356
1988 66.0% 781 32.8% 388 1.2% 14
1984 73.1% 964 24.6% 325 2.3% 30
1980 74.6% 1,006 19.2% 259 6.2% 84
1976 52.4% 633 39.7% 479 8.0% 96
1972 63.0% 774 29.5% 362 7.6% 93
1968 61.3% 735 29.0% 348 9.7% 116
1964 54.5% 722 45.5% 602
1960 55.0% 825 44.8% 672 0.1% 2
1956 59.0% 824 40.6% 567 0.4% 6
1952 75.9% 1,186 24.1% 376
1948 56.3% 788 41.8% 585 2.0% 28
1944 61.2% 709 38.3% 443 0.5% 6
1940 55.6% 873 43.9% 689 0.6% 9
1936 35.0% 581 59.7% 991 5.2% 87
1932 38.5% 653 60.4% 1,023 1.1% 19
1928 62.5% 937 36.8% 552 0.7% 10
1924 48.3% 718 9.4% 140 42.3% 629
1920 77.1% 1,177 18.7% 286 4.2% 64
1916 39.3% 499 54.9% 697 5.8% 73

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Long, John H. (2006). "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. Archived from the original on November 11, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ a b North Dakota Historical Records Survey (1941). Inventory of the County Archives of North Dakota. 17, Golden Valley County. Bismarck ND: North Dakota Historical Records Survey. Retrieved via Ancestry.com.
  5. ^ Pederson v. Board of Commissioners of Billings County, 23 N.D. 547. , 137 N.W. 484 (N.D. 1912). Retrieved via Westlaw.
  6. ^ a b c Golden Valley County ND Google Maps (accessed 18 February 2019)
  7. ^ "Find an Altitude/Golden Valley County ND" Google Maps (accessed 18 February 2019)
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 29, 2015. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  10. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  14. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  17. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
  19. ^ Frontier Cavalcade, The Dickinson Press, March 14, 1957

Coordinates: 46°56′N 103°50′W / 46.94°N 103.84°W / 46.94; -103.84