Golden Week (China)
- The "Chinese Lunar New Year Golden Week" (Chinese New Year) begins in January or February.
- The "National Day Golden Week" begins around 1 October. If Mid-Autumn Festival is near National Day, the Golden Week may be 8 days long.
- The "Labour Day Golden Week" begins 1 May and was reintroduced in 2019 after discontinuation in 2007.
Three or four (if Mid-Autumn Festival is near National Day) days of paid holiday are given, and the surrounding weekends are re-arranged so that workers in Chinese companies always have seven or eight continuous days of holiday. These national holidays were first started by the government for the PRC's National Day in 1999 and are primarily intended to help expand the domestic tourism market and improve the national standard of living, as well as allowing people to make long-distance family visits. The Golden Weeks are consequently periods of greatly heightened travel activity.
Controversy and evolution
In 2004, there were calls for the Golden Week holidays to be cut back, due to their disruption of the regular economy.
In 2006, delegates to the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference brought up proposals to cancel both the National Day and May Day Golden Weeks, arguing that the holidays have not achieved significant results in promoting internal consumption, which was the original intention for these long holiday weeks. Rather, the delegates said, these Golden Weeks have disrupted people's regular 5-day weekly schedule and is increasingly impeding commerce and international trade, as many key government agencies, especially those related to customs, tax/tariff collection, and legal affairs, are shut down for seven days. Instead, they proposed, these days off should be spread out to other traditional holidays not currently recognized as public holidays, including Mid-Autumn Festival, Dragon Boat Festival, and Qingming Festival. Golden Weeks were sustained as weekly holidays through 2007.
On 16 December 2007, China’s official news agency said the Chinese population is to have a further three national holidays and lose only one of its golden weeks, the May Day holiday, according to the calendar reform that the Government has approved. May Day itself has now become a one-day holiday. Three traditional festivals—Mid-Autumn Festival, Dragon Boat Festival, and Qingming Festival—are added to the list of public holidays. The Spring Festival and National Day would remain three-day holidays, though they would be adjusted to prevent them from becoming seven or eight (if Mid-Autumn Festival is near National Day) consecutive days, as is the current practice. With this revision of the labour calendar, the Chinese government aims to recover the customs associated with traditional festivals and balance tourist demand during the weeks of holidays, according to the Xinhua News Agency. In practice, the new calendar, which came into force on 1 January 2008, will increase national holidays from 10 to 11 days. A spokesperson for the National Commission for Development and Reform said that the new plan would ratify Chinese traditions, better distribute holidays and prevent the “overcrowding” of the “golden weeks” when more people travel during the new holidays and during the periods of paid holidays.
Notes and references
- Liu Zhijie (October 16, 2006). 从数字之外看黄金周的去与留 [Keeping or Ridding of It -- Looking at Golden Weeks beyond the Numbers]. CCTV.com (in Chinese). Retrieved December 16, 2006.
- "国务院办公厅关于调整2019年劳动节假期安排的通知". www.gov.cn. Retrieved 2019-03-22.
- McCabe, Ailene (October 1, 2007). "120 million Chinese celebrate Golden Week". Canada.com. Postmedia Network. CanWest News Service. Archived from the original on October 15, 2007. Retrieved October 17, 2007.
- "5.89亿人外出度假 近600万人出境游 ——中国旅游研究院、携程旅行网联合发布《2016"十一"旅游趋势报告与人气排行榜》_中国旅游研究院". www.ctaweb.org. Retrieved 2016-10-05.
- Liu Wei (December 6, 2006). 政协委员建议取消黄金周 提交报告供旅游局参考 [Delegates to CPPCC Proposing to Cancel Golden Weeks]. CCTV.com (in Chinese). Beijing Times. Retrieved December 12, 2006.
- ""Golden Week" holidays loses favour: survey". China Daily. Xinhua. 21 October 2004.
- Sun Yunlong (30 December 2007). "Xinhua top 10 domestic news events in 2007". China View. Xinhua. Archived from the original on 9 August 2011.