Golden samphire

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Golden samphire
Inula crithmoides.jpg
Scientific classification
L. crithmoides
Binomial name
Limbarda crithmoides
  • Eritheis maritima Gray
  • Inula crithmoides L.
  • Jacobaea crithmoides (L.) Merino
  • Inula acutifolia Pasq., syn of subsp. longifolia

The golden samphire (Limbarda crithmoides) is a perennial coastal species, which may be found growing on salt marsh or sea cliffs across western and southern Europe and the Mediterranean.[2][3][4][5][6]

Golden samphire has a tufted habit, and the plant may grow up to 1 m tall. It has narrow fleshy leaves and large flower heads, with six yellow ray florets which may be up to 15 cm across. The flowers are self-fertile (able to pollinate themselves) and may also be pollinated by bees, flies and beetles.

Young leaves may be eaten raw or cooked as a leaf vegetable.[7]

  • Limbarda crithmoides subsp. crithmoides
  • Limbarda crithmoides subsp. longifolia (Arcang.) Greuter


  1. ^ a b "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 13 January 2015.
  2. ^ Tela Botanica, Inule fausse criste, Limbarda crithmoides (L.) Dumort. in French, with photo and French distribution map
  3. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Enula bacicci, Golden Samphire, Limbarda crithmoides includes photos and European distribution map
  4. ^ Malta Wild Plants, Comprehensive profile for Inula crithmoides
  5. ^ Flowers in Israel, Limbarda crithmoides, Inula crithmoides, Jacobaea crithmoides, Eritheis maritima, Golden samphire, בן-טיון בשרני , طيون ملحيطيون ملحي
  6. ^ National Biodiversity Network, Natural History Museum, Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Inula crithmoides L. [Golden-samphire] includes links plus distribution map for United Kingdom and Irish Republic
  7. ^ The Wild Flowers of Britain and Northern Europe published by Collins 1974

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