Goldmanite

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Goldmanite
General
Category Nesosilicates, garnet
Formula
(repeating unit)
Ca3(V3+,Al,Fe3+)2(SiO4)3
Strunz classification 9.AD.25
Dana classification 51.4.3b.4
Crystal system Isometric
Crystal class Hexoctahedral (m3m)
H-M symbol: (4/m 3 2/m)
Space group Ia3d
Unit cell a = 12.01 Å
V = 1,732.32 Å3; Z = 8
Identification
Color Green, brownish–green
Crystal habit Dodecahedral crystals and anhedral grains
Cleavage None
Mohs scale hardness 6–7
Luster Vitreous
Streak White
Diaphaneity Transparent to sub-opaque
Specific gravity 3.74 – 3.77 (measured)
Optical properties Isotropic, may show weak anisotropism
Refractive index n = 1.821
Common impurities Cr, Mn, Mg
References [1][2][3][4]

Goldmanite is a green or greenish-brown silicate mineral of the garnet group with a chemical formula of Ca3(V3+,Al,Fe3+)2(SiO4)3.[2][4]

Discovery[edit]

It was first described in 1964 for an occurrence in the Laguna District, Cibola County, New Mexico and is named after Marcus Isaac Goldman (1881–1965), an American petrologist.[3] The type locality, South Laguna (or Sandy) mine area, was in vanadium rich clay within a metamorphosed uranium-vanadium deposit in sandstone.[2][4] While studying these deposits, it was noted that garnet in relatively unmineralized sandstone is colorless, whereas garnet in dark well-mineralized rock, containing abundant vanadium clay and uranium deposits was deep green or brownish green. To confirm the green color was due to vanadium, two samples of garnet were separated from dark ore, analyzed, and found to be rich in vanadium. The South Laguna mine area was studied in 1955 and 1956 as part of an investigation of the geology and uranium deposits of the Laguna district by the USGS.[1]

Occurrence[edit]

In addition to the type location in the Sandy mine in New Mexico, it has been reported from Coat-an-Noz, Cotes-du-Nord, France; in drill core from the North Sea; from Klatovy, Czech Republic; Ishimskaya Luka, northern Kazakhstan; the Slyudyanka complex, Sayan Mountains, near Lake Baikal region of Russia and the Yamoto mine, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.[2] It is also found in the metalliferious black shales of the Korean Peninsula.[5]

Composition[edit]

Goldmanite is composed of calcium (24.79%), aluminium (3.34%), vanadium (12.6%), iron (2.3%), silicon (17.37%), and oxygen (39.59%).[4] Its chemical formula is Ca3(V3+,Al,Fe3+)2(SiO4)3.

Properties[edit]

The approximate density (3.74±.03) of goldmanite was determined by finding the density of diluted Clerici solution in which small fragments remained suspended. Because of fine grain size, more accurate determination of density was not attempted. The calculated density (3.737) agrees with the approximate value. The index of refraction was found by immersion to be 1.821±.001, using sodium light and adjusting for small temperature changes. Like so many calcium garnets, goldmanite was found to be weakly anisotropic. The cell edge of goldmanite is 12.011 Å, as determined by x-ray powder diffraction analysis.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Robert H. Moench and Robert Meyrowitz (1964). "Goldmanite, a Vanadium Garnet from Laguna, New Mexico" (PDF). American Mineralogist. 49: 644–655. 
  2. ^ a b c d Handbook of Mineralogy
  3. ^ a b Mindat.org
  4. ^ a b c d Webmineral data
  5. ^ Jeong, Gi Young (August 2006). "Mineralogy and geochemistry of metalliferous black slates in the Okcheon metamorphic belt, Korea: a metamorphic analogue of black shales in the South China block". Mineralium Deposita. 5. 41: 469. Bibcode:2006MinDe..41..469J. doi:10.1007/s00126-006-0067-5.