Goldney Hall

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Goldney Hall
University of Bristol
Goldney Hall Crest (Colour)-1.png
LocationBristol, England, BS8 1BH
Coordinates51°27′08″N 2°36′55″W / 51.4523°N 2.6154°W / 51.4523; -2.6154Coordinates: 51°27′08″N 2°36′55″W / 51.4523°N 2.6154°W / 51.4523; -2.6154
MottoHonor Virtutis Præmium
Motto in English"Honour is the Reward of Virtue"
Established1724, 1956 as student accommodation
Residents267
Websitebristol.ac.uk/students/accommodation/goldney-hall/

Goldney Hall is a self-catered hall of residence in the Clifton area of Bristol, England. It is one of three in the area providing accommodation for students at the University of Bristol[1] and occupies part of the grounds of Goldney House, built in the 18th century and remodelled in the 1860s. The house and several garden features are listed structures, and the garden is designated Grade II* on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.

History[edit]

Goldney Hall
The canal and Gothic tower

The Goldney family's influence in Bristol can be traced to 1637, when Thomas Goldney was sent by his father to Bristol from Chippenham in Wiltshire, to serve as an apprentice for seven years. His son born in 1664, also named Thomas, prospered as a grocer and in 1694 leased a country house in Clifton, now known as Goldney Hall. After the death of his father in 1703, Thomas Goldney II purchased a majority of the current Goldney Estate, complete with manor house, for a fee of £100 in 1705.[2]

In 1724 the earlier house was partially demolished to be replaced by a grander building, possibly built for Goldney by George Tully,[3] a Bristol merchant who was a partner of William Champion in the Coalbrookdale Works. The Goldney family were Quakers but their beliefs did not prevent them developing a significant range of enterprises;[4] ventures included:

  • Providing a significant proportion of the capital for Captain Woodes Rogers voyage on The Duke and its sister ship The Dutchess. Rogers' crew rescued the real-life Robinson Crusoe, Alexander Selkirk, from Juan Fernandez island.[4]
  • Investment in the Coalbrookdale Iron Works, which led to Thomas Goldney III becoming the majority owner of the works.
  • Co-founding Goldney, Smith and Co., one of the first banks in Bristol and now part of the Royal Bank of Scotland.

The gardens and orchards were designed by Goldney's son Thomas Goldney III. The house was recased, altered and extended in 1864–65 by Alfred Waterhouse,[5] who also designed the Natural History Museum. The house later passed down to other wealthy Bristol families, the Wills and the Frys. Lewis Fry (1832–1921) became the Liberal MP for Bristol and first chairman of the University of Bristol University Council.

Buildings and grounds[edit]

House[edit]

The current house was built in 1724, is a listed building and occupies a hilltop position overlooking the city of Bristol and Brandon Hill. The landscape garden is used for weddings and receptions.

The main house is a Grade II listed building.[6] Other facilities in the main house include a bar, library, common room and dark room.[7] The house also contains an ornate mahogany parlour complete with original wooden panelling dating back to 1725, which is reserved for meetings and special events.

When the hall was gifted to the University of Bristol in 1953, the house was converted (completed in 1956) to accommodate 19 female students and was a catered hall. This was reverted with the development of the new blocks.

Student accommodation[edit]

The student accommodation blocks, built on a paddock within the gardens, were completed in their original form in 1969. This original development consisted of nine stand alone blocks in a quadrangle arrangement. A major, award-winning refurbishment[8] was completed in 1994, after a benefaction from Lord and Lady Sainsbury through the Linbury Trust].[4] The design was that of Bristol architects Alec French.[9] Improvements to the site included:

  • Building additional study bedrooms, kitchens and fire escape stairwells onto the original blocks.
  • Construction of Linbury Court, consisting of 24 en-suite rooms and student study facilities.
  • Creation of a small on-site car park.

The hall now comprises 11 blocks, 2 of which have en-suite facilities. The hall can accommodate 267 students, in addition to three flats for staff located within the main house.

Gardens and grounds[edit]

The historic English Landscape Garden style grounds, designed by Thomas Goldney III, include an orangery, gothic tower and grotto.[10] The Goldney Hall gardens encompass a 10-acre (4.0 ha) site and are known for their notable five follies:

A sixth folly, the Octagon, consisted of a two-story summer house located where L block stands today. While the exact date of the removal of the Octagon is not known, it is missing from plans which date to 1864. The garden also features a canal.[13]

The hall has an orangery,[14] which is attached to the main house and faces out onto the canal. The original glass roof was replaced with tile at some point in the early 1900s.

The gothic tower, to the south of the main house, was built in 1764 to house a Newcomen steam engine.[15] The opening through which the beam of the steam engine would have passed can still be seen today on the north face of the tower. The steam engine, constructed using a boiler supplied by the Coalbrookdale works, is supposed to have been the first used for non-industrial purposes in the world. It was used to draw water from a 120 ft well shaft directly in front of the tower. The water was used to supply a fountain in the canal and the cascade in the grotto.

The grounds include a statue of Hercules, which is Grade II* listed[16] and is suspected to be a second hand purchase by Thomas Goldney III, predating everything else on the site. The mock bastion provides a mystery, appearing for the first time on a map dating to 1748 but with no other surviving documentation of its construction.

The grounds are listed Grade II* on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens of special historic interest in England,[17] and are regularly used for weddings, especially during the summer months. The gardens are opened annually to the public[18] as well as for smaller groups by request.

Grotto[edit]

The highly decorated grotto is a Grade I listed building.[19]

A statue in Goldney Grotto
The gothic tower and statue of Hercules

It was built between 1737 and 1764 (dated 1739) and has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building. It is decorated inside with shells, quartz and rock crystal and inside is a pillared hall with fountains, rock pool, statue of Neptune and a Lion's Den. In 1762-5 Thomas Paty was employed in "grinding, gooping and laying" tiles for the grotto.[20]

The grotto was built as the centrepiece of the gardens by Thomas Goldney III. It is the only Grotto in Britain with both a shell room and running water.

The grotto is approximately 36 ft (11 m) long by 12 ft (3.6 m) wide and consists of three chambers divided by pillars encrusted with quartz crystals. The central chamber houses a life size plaster of paris lion with a lioness sitting in a den behind. Another chamber hosts a seated river god with water running from an urn over giant clams into a pool. It is lined with over 200 species of shell brought back from such locations as the Caribbean,[21] and African waters.[22] The roof of the central hall is composed of closely fitting blocks of Bath stone carved into pseudo-stalactites. On a panel on the door is the portrait of a lady, thought to be Ann Goldney (1707–96), the younger sister of Thomas Goldney III.[23]

The grotto is opened to the public during Garden Tour days organised by the University's Conference Office and to students at various points through the academic year.

Student life[edit]

Goldney Hall is one of the smaller halls of residence at the University of Bristol and is located away from the main grouping of halls in Stoke Bishop. As a result, the hall has a strong individual identity and close knit community. The arts are strongly promoted with theatrical and musical events for students to become involved in through the year. The hall also promotes academic events as well as the wide range of social events expected of any hall of residence. The hall also fields a number of sports teams including football, netball and rugby.

The hall's motto is Honor Virtutis Præmium ("Honour is the Reward of Virtue").[24]

Goldney Hall FC have dominated the Bristol University Intramural Accenture League 4 for over 3 seasons. The 09/10, 12/13 and 15/16 Seasons saw Goldney Hall FC win the title.

Ball[edit]

The Goldney Ball is an annual event held in the grounds of Goldney Hall to mark the end of term and the summer exam period for students in the Bristol area and typically attracts over 1000 students. Previous artists to headline and perform at the Ball include Hot Chocolate (1998), Roni Size (1999), Shy FX, DJ Hype, BodyRockers, Ninja Tune, former Squeeze musician Jools Holland and the Scratch Perverts as well as illusionist Derren Brown.[25] Profit from the event is donated to local, national and international charities.

Film location[edit]

Goldney Hall is a popular location for filming with The Chronicles of Narnia, The House of Eliott and Truly, Madly, Deeply as well as the 2002 Christmas episode of Only Fools and Horses,[4] Casualty and Skins being filmed there.[26] Its latest appearance is in the BBC series Sherlock, as the venue for the wedding of John Watson and Mary Morstan in the second episode of the third season, "The Sign of Three".

Notable former residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Accommodation". University of Bristol. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  2. ^ "Black Presence: An 18th Century Voyage of Discovery: Goldney Hall in Bristol". The National Archives. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  3. ^ "Goldney Hall, (also known as Goldney Hall), Clifton, England". Parks and Gardens UK. Parks and Gardens Data Services Ltd. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d Goldney Hall
  5. ^ Burrough, THB (1970). Bristol. London: Studio Vista. ISBN 0-289-79804-3.
  6. ^ "Goldney House and attached walls". Images of England. Archived from the original on 7 October 2007. Retrieved 16 March 2007.
  7. ^ Goldney Hall Facilities Page
  8. ^ Civic Trust Award 1997 Archived 7 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ Alec French: Goldney Development Overview Archived 3 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ Goldney Follies
  11. ^ "Gothic tower approximately 95 metres south of Goldney House". Images of England. Archived from the original on 22 November 2007. Retrieved 16 March 2007.
  12. ^ "Rotunda, bastion and connecting wall approx 150m south-west of Goldney House". Images of England. Archived from the original on 21 October 2012. Retrieved 20 March 2007.
  13. ^ "Canal approximately 50 metres south-west of Goldney House". Images of England. Retrieved 20 March 2007.
  14. ^ "The Orangery approximately 20 metres south-west of Goldney House". Images of England. Retrieved 20 March 2007.
  15. ^ "Tower 1764". University of Bristol. Retrieved 17 March 2007.
  16. ^ "Hercules statue approximately 100 metres south of Goldney House". Images of England. Retrieved 20 March 2007.
  17. ^ "Goldney House". National Heritage List for England. Historic England. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
  18. ^ Goldney Hall Open Days and Tours
  19. ^ "Grotto". Images of England. Archived from the original on 22 November 2007. Retrieved 16 March 2007.
  20. ^ "Grotto approximately 85 metres south of Goldney House". Images of England. Archived from the original on 22 November 2007. Retrieved 16 March 2007.
  21. ^ "The Grotto". University of Bristol. Retrieved 17 March 2007.
  22. ^ Tim Knox (6 January 2002). "The artificial grotto in Britain". The Magazine Antiques. Retrieved 16 March 2007.
  23. ^ Robert J. G. Savage (1989). "Natural History of the Goldney Garden Grotto, Clifton, Bristol". Garden History. 17 (1): 1–40. doi:10.2307/1586914. JSTOR 1586914.
  24. ^ "The Goldney Family Crest". My Family Silver. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  25. ^ http://www.goldneyball.co.uk Archived 3 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  26. ^ Titles with locations including Goldney Hall, Clifton, Bristol, England, UK from imdb.com. Retrieved 3 January 2007.
  27. ^ Honorary Degrees, July 2004

Further reading[edit]

  • Jackson, Hazelle Shell Houses and Grottoes (Shire Books, 2001).

External links[edit]