Goldstone Deep Space Communications Complex ( GDSCC), commonly called the Goldstone Observatory, is located in the U.S. state of California's Mojave Desert. Operated for the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, its main purpose is to track and communicate with space missions. It is named after Goldstone, California, a nearby gold-mining ghost town. [3 ]
The complex includes the Pioneer Deep Space Station, which is a U.S.
National Historic Landmark. The current communications complex is one of three in the [4 ] NASA Deep Space Network, the others being the Madrid Deep Space Communications Complex and the Canberra Deep Space Communication Complex.
Antennas [ edit ]
Goldstone antennas have also been used as sensitive
radio telescopes for such scientific investigations as mapping quasars and other celestial radio sources; radar mapping planets, the Moon, comets and asteroids; spotting comets and asteroids with the potential to strike Earth; and the search for ultra-high energy neutrino interactions in the Moon by using large-aperture radio antennas. [5 ]
Antennas Goldstone Deep Space Communications Complex
DSS 13 - "Venus" 34m (~910 m²)
reflector with Beam waveguide optics (BWG) on Alt/ Az mount, located in Venus, California
DSS 14 - "Mars" 70m (~3850 m²) reflector on Alt/Az mount
DSS 15 - "Uranus" 34 m "High Efficiency" reflector on Alt/Az mount
DSS 24, 25, 26 - "Apollo" 34 m reflector with BWG optics on Alt/Az mount
DSS 27, 28 - "Gemini" 34 m reflector with BWG optics on "High Speed" Alt/Az mount
"Goldstone has the bird" [ edit ]
It is commonly believed that the first
American satellite, Explorer 1, was confirmed to be in orbit by the use of the phrase "Goldstone has the bird". However, Goldstone was not in operation at the time of Explorer 1, and like many oft-repeated quotations it is incorrect. Others claim that the actual phrase was "Gold has it!", [6 ] incorrectly identifying "Gold" as a temporary tracking station at [7 ] Earthquake Valley, east of Julian, California. In fact, Gold Station was located at the Air Force Missile Test Center (AFMTC) in Florida and the temporary tracking station at Earthquake Valley was Red Station. [8 ]
Complex tours [ edit ]
The Goldstone Deep Space Communications Complex conducts tours of its facility and museum to middle and high schools, as well as individuals interested in visiting.
In popular culture [ edit ]
The DSS 14, "Mars" telescope is specifically quoted in the webcomic
, episode 881 "In which a Standard is Questioned". Wondermark [9 ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]