The park is located in the eastern Alborz (Elburs) Mountains range and the western edge of the Kopet Dag range. It comprises 91,890 ha. Elevations in the park range from 1,000–1,400 metres (3,300–4,600 ft) above sea level.
^Nosrat Safaian, Maryam Shokri, Mikhalegh Ziatabar Ahmadi, Abdolnaser Atrakchali, Ali Tavili: Fire Influence on the Grassland Vegetation in Golestan National Park (Alborz Mts. iran) Polish Journal of Ecology. 53 1 435–443. 2005 http://www.pol.j.ecol.cbe-pan.pl/article/ar53_3_13.pdf [online-PDF]
^Waraste, Moradi H.: Population Dynamism of the Bovidae in Golestan National Park. Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources Fall 2004; 11(3):163–172
^Waraste, Moradi H.: Determination of Sex Ratio and Age Groups in Two Species Cervus Elaphus and Capreolus in Golestan National Park Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources. October–November 2005; 12(4):154–161.
^Meigouni, H.G., Jahanshahi, M.; Kavoosi, K.; Kiabi B.H.: A Study on Herbivorous Habits of Wild Pig (Sus Scrofa) In Golestand National Park. Journal of Environmental Studies. March 2003; 28(30):55−64.