Golestan National Park

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Road 22, in the middle of the Golestan Jungle
Golestan National Park is located in Iran
A
A
G
N
G
G
H
K
LU
M
MW
KT
T
D
UNESCO Biosphere Reserves in Iran[1]

Golestan National Park (Persian: پارک ملی گلستان‎‎), commonly known as the Golestan Jungle (جنگل گلستان), is an Iranian National Park in Golestan Province, northwestern Iran.

Geography[edit]

The park is located in the eastern Alborz (Elburs) Mountains range and the western edge of the Kopet Dag range. It comprises 91,890 ha.[2] Elevations in the park range from 1,000–1,400 metres (3,300–4,600 ft) above sea level.

Ecology[edit]

Golestan National Park has a variety of habitats, such as temperate broad leaf forests, grasslands, shrublands and rocky areas.[3][4] The diverse flora includes stands of white Eremurus kopetdaghensis, Iris acutiloba subsp. lineolata and Iris kopetdagensis.[5]

The fauna is very rich and consists of Persian leopards (Panthera pardus ciscaucasica), Indian wolves (Canis lupus pallipes), wild boars (Sus scrofa), maral deer (Cervus elaphus maral), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), urial (Ovis ammon arkali), wild goats (Capra aegagrus) and goitered gazelles (Gazella subgutturosa).[6][7][8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "UNESCO Biosphere Reserve Directory". 
  2. ^ Iranian Tourism & Touring Online (ITTO)
  3. ^ Nosrat Safaian, Maryam Shokri, Mikhalegh Ziatabar Ahmadi, Abdolnaser Atrakchali, Ali Tavili: Fire Influence on the Grassland Vegetation in Golestan National Park (Alborz Mts. iran) Polish Journal of Ecology. 53 1 435–443. 2005 http://www.pol.j.ecol.cbe-pan.pl/article/ar53_3_13.pdf [online-PDF]
  4. ^ UNESCO – World Heritage; Ref.5213
  5. ^ Basak Gardner & Chris Gardner Flora of the Silk Road: The Complete Illustrated Guide, p. 173, at Google Books
  6. ^ Waraste, Moradi H.: Population Dynamism of the Bovidae in Golestan National Park. Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources Fall 2004; 11(3):163–172
  7. ^ Waraste, Moradi H.: Determination of Sex Ratio and Age Groups in Two Species Cervus Elaphus and Capreolus in Golestan National Park Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources. October–November 2005; 12(4):154–161.
  8. ^ Meigouni, H.G., Jahanshahi, M.; Kavoosi, K.; Kiabi B.H.: A Study on Herbivorous Habits of Wild Pig (Sus Scrofa) In Golestand National Park. Journal of Environmental Studies. March 2003; 28(30):55−64.


Coordinates: 37°32′51″N 56°22′57″E / 37.547527°N 56.382423°E / 37.547527; 56.382423