Golestan National Park

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Golestan National Park is located in Iran
UNESCO Biosphere Reserves in Iran[1]

Golestan National Park is a National Park in Iran. It is situated in Golestan Province between the eastern parts of the Elburs Mountains and the western fringes of the Khorasan-Kopet Dag. It comprises 91,890 ha.[2] Golestan National Park reaches from 1000 to 1400 m above sea level and has a variety of habitats, like temperate broad leaf forests, grasslands, shrubs and rocky areas.[3][4] The fauna is very rich and consists of Persian leopards (Panthera pardus ciscaucasica), Indian wolves (Canis lupus pallipes), wild boars (Sus scrofa), maral deer (Cervus elaphus maral), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), urial (Ovis ammon arkali), wild goats (Capra aegagrus) and goitered gazelles (Gazella subgutturosa).[5][6][7]


  1. ^ "UNESCO Biosphere Reserve Directory". 
  2. ^ Iranian Tourism & Touring Online (ITTO)
  3. ^ Nosrat Safaian, Maryam Shokri, Mikhalegh Ziatabar Ahmadi, Abdolnaser Atrakchali, Ali Tavili: Fire Influence on the Grassland Vegetation in Golestan National Park (Alborz Mts. iran) Polish Journal of Ecology. 53 1 435–443. 2005 http://www.pol.j.ecol.cbe-pan.pl/article/ar53_3_13.pdf [online-PDF]
  4. ^ UNESCO – World Heritage; Ref.5213
  5. ^ Waraste, Moradi H.: Population Dynamism of the Bovidae in Golestan National Park. Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources Fall 2004; 11(3):163–172
  6. ^ Waraste, Moradi H.: Determination of Sex Ratio and Age Groups in Two Species Cervus Elaphus and Capreolus in Golestan National Park Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources. October–November 2005; 12(4):154–161.
  7. ^ Meigouni, H.G., Jahanshahi, M.; Kavoosi, K.; Kiabi B.H.: A Study on Herbivorous Habits of Wild Pig (Sus Scrofa) In Golestand National Park. Journal of Environmental Studies. March 2003; 28(30):55−64.

Coordinates: 37°32′51″N 56°22′57″E / 37.547527°N 56.382423°E / 37.547527; 56.382423