Goliad County, Texas

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Goliad County
The Goliad County Courthouse in Goliad. The courthouse and the surrounding square were added to the National Register of Historic Places on June 29, 1976.
The Goliad County Courthouse in Goliad. The courthouse and the surrounding square were added to the National Register of Historic Places on June 29, 1976.
Map of Texas highlighting Goliad County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 28°39′N 97°26′W / 28.65°N 97.43°W / 28.65; -97.43
Country United States
State Texas
Founded1837
Named forMiguel Hidalgo
SeatGoliad
Largest cityGoliad
Area
 • Total859 sq mi (2,220 km2)
 • Land852 sq mi (2,210 km2)
 • Water7.4 sq mi (19 km2)  0.9%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total7,012
 • Density8.2/sq mi (3.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district34th
Websitewww.co.goliad.tx.us

Goliad County (/ˈɡliæd/ GOH-lee-ad) is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, the population is 7,012.[1] Its county seat is Goliad.[2] The county is named for Father Miguel Hidalgo; "Goliad" is an anagram ,[3] minus the silent H. The county was created in 1836 and organized the next year.[4]

Goliad County is a part of the Victoria, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The first declaration of independence for the Republic of Texas was signed in Goliad on December 20, 1835, although the formal declaration was made by the Convention of 1836 at Washington-on-the-Brazos. Goliad County was the site of two battles in the Texas Revolution. The Battle of Goliad was a minor skirmish early in the war. However the subsequent battle of Coleto was an important battle that culminated on March 27, 1836. Col. James Fannin and his Texan soldiers were executed by the Mexican army, under orders from Gen. Antonio López de Santa Anna, in what became known as the Goliad Massacre. This event led to the Texas Revolutionary battle cry "Remember the Alamo! Remember Goliad!" Although many remember the Alamo today, fewer remember Goliad. The site of the massacre is located near Presidio la Bahia, just south of the town of Goliad.

In 1874, Juan Moya, a prominent Tejano landowner and Mexican army captain who fought in the Texas Revolution, was lynched, along with his two sons, by a mob who suspected them of murdering a neighboring family in Goliad County.[5]

Goliad County is also the birthplace of General Ignacio Zaragoza, who led the Mexican army against the invading forces of Napoleon III in the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862 ("Cinco de Mayo").

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 859 square miles (2,220 km2), of which 852 square miles (2,210 km2) is land and 7.4 square miles (19 km2) (0.9%) is water.[6]

Major Highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850648
18603,384422.2%
18703,6287.2%
18805,83260.7%
18905,9101.3%
19008,31040.6%
19109,90919.2%
19209,348−5.7%
193010,0938.0%
19408,798−12.8%
19506,219−29.3%
19605,429−12.7%
19704,869−10.3%
19805,1936.7%
19905,98015.2%
20006,92815.9%
20107,2104.1%
20207,012−2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1850–2010[8] 2020[9]

2020 census[edit]

Goliad County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[10] Pop 2020[9] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 4,337 4,246 60.15% 60.55%
Black or African American alone (NH) 310 235 4.30% 3.35%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 29 18 0.40% 0.26%
Asian alone (NH) 11 24 0.15% 0.34%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 6 16 0.08% 0.23%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 55 185 0.76% 2.64%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 2,462 2,288 34.15% 32.63%
Total 7,210 7,012 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 6,928 people, 2,644 households, and 1,975 families residing in the county. The population density was 8 people per square mile (3/km2). There were 3,426 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 82.62% White, 4.82% Black or African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 10.05% from other races, and 1.73% from two or more races. 35.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,644 households, out of which 33.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.10% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.30% were non-families. 22.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.90% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 25.20% from 45 to 64, and 17.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,201, and the median income for a family was $40,446. Males had a median income of $30,954 versus $20,028 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,126. About 11.90% of families and 16.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.70% of those under age 18 and 11.10% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Goliad County is served by the Goliad Independent School District.

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Goliad County, Texas[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,085 77.22% 877 21.95% 33 0.83%
2016 2,620 70.66% 973 26.24% 115 3.10%
2012 2,294 66.34% 1,127 32.59% 37 1.07%
2008 2,298 62.87% 1,329 36.36% 28 0.77%
2004 2,267 64.75% 1,219 34.82% 15 0.43%
2000 2,108 62.15% 1,233 36.35% 51 1.50%
1996 1,335 50.66% 1,135 43.07% 165 6.26%
1992 1,236 43.66% 1,069 37.76% 526 18.58%
1988 1,427 51.11% 1,358 48.64% 7 0.25%
1984 1,540 64.79% 836 35.17% 1 0.04%
1980 1,170 51.16% 1,081 47.27% 36 1.57%
1976 846 48.87% 875 50.55% 10 0.58%
1972 1,018 68.60% 464 31.27% 2 0.13%
1968 707 45.52% 690 44.43% 156 10.05%
1964 549 35.63% 990 64.24% 2 0.13%
1960 741 50.93% 711 48.87% 3 0.21%
1956 902 72.33% 338 27.11% 7 0.56%
1952 1,065 70.16% 452 29.78% 1 0.07%
1948 450 43.48% 454 43.86% 131 12.66%
1944 609 45.18% 641 47.55% 98 7.27%
1940 580 39.92% 868 59.74% 5 0.34%
1936 323 21.38% 1,184 78.36% 4 0.26%
1932 170 9.90% 1,542 89.76% 6 0.35%
1928 554 54.10% 468 45.70% 2 0.20%
1924 438 32.86% 733 54.99% 162 12.15%
1920 513 44.11% 448 38.52% 202 17.37%
1916 548 45.03% 605 49.71% 64 5.26%
1912 425 39.57% 500 46.55% 149 13.87%


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Goliad County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 139.
  4. ^ "Goliad County". Texas Almanac. Texas State Historical Association. May 22, 2015. Retrieved June 20, 2015.
  5. ^ Marsh, Gloria Candelaria (August 6, 2003). "Handbook of Texas Online:Juan Moya". Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 27, 2015.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  8. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 27, 2015.
  9. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Goliad County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  10. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Goliad County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved July 24, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 28°39′N 97°26′W / 28.65°N 97.43°W / 28.65; -97.43