|Mission type||Science, Experimental|
|Operator||Romanian Space Agency|
|Manufacturer||Romanian Space Agency|
|Launch mass||1.062 kilograms (2.34 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||13 February 2012, 10:00:00UTC|
|Launch site||Kourou ELA-1|
|Perigee||302 kilometres (188 mi)|
|Apogee||1,075 kilometres (668 mi)|
|Epoch||31 October 2013, 20:12:28 UTC|
Goliat is the first artificial satellite developed in Romania.
The satellite is cube-shaped and has a mass of 1 kilogram, and its dimensions are 10 cm on each side. It is built on a Cubesat platform. The satellite carries out three scientific tasks: micrometeorite flux measurements, cosmic radiation flux measurements at LEO and Earth surface imaging via a 3 megapixel camera.
Although the initial launch was planned for 2008, the project had been postponed due to some issues with the carrier rocket, Vega.
As of 26 February 2012, it appeared that the satellite had not settled into the orbit properly. Due to a malfunction to its stabilizing system, it was expected that the satellite would spin uncontrollably and eventually get lost in space. However, the coordinator of the project, Mugurel Bălan stated that the situation was under control.
The agency managed to make contact with the satellite on 18 February 2012 but only briefly to receive some basic parameters, however it was unable to get its systems running. Contact was lost permanently shortly afterwards. The satellite re-entered the atmosphere on 2 January 2015 and disintegrated.
- McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 31 October 2013.
- "GOLIAT Satellite details 2012-006D NORAD 38080". N2YO. 31 October 2013. Retrieved 31 October 2013.
- Historic moment: Goliat, first Romanian satellite in space, to be launched in February - Bucharest Herald (25 January 2012) - Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- ESA Press Kit - Vega qualification flight VV01 (pdf) - Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- "The first Romanian satellite hasn't stabilized on the orbit yet" (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 29 February 2012. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
- "Cum şi-a omorât România primul satelit, construit la preţuri astronomice. Explicaţiile halucinante ale şefului Agenţiei Spaţiale Române (ROSA)" (in Romanian). Retrieved 6 March 2016.