Golpayegan

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Golpayegan rockart


Golpayegan rockart
Golpayegan

Golpāyegān
City
Golpayegan is located in Iran
Golpayegan
Golpayegan
Coordinates: 33°27′13″N 50°17′18″E / 33.45361°N 50.28833°E / 33.45361; 50.28833Coordinates: 33°27′13″N 50°17′18″E / 33.45361°N 50.28833°E / 33.45361; 50.28833
Country Iran
ProvinceIsfahan
CountyGolpayegan
BakhshCentral
Elevation
1,830 m (6,000 ft)
Population
 (2016 Census)
 • Total58,936 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)
Area code(s)031
Websitehttp://www.akhale.ir/ (in Persian:آخاله

Golpayegan (Persian: Golpāyegān‎, also Romanized as Golpayegan; also known as Shahr-e Golpāyegān meaning "City of Golpayegan")[2] is a city and capital of Golpayegan County, Isfahan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 47,849, in 14,263 families.[3] Golpayegan is located 186 kilometres (116 mi) northwest of Isfahan and 102 kilometres (63 mi) southeast of Arak, situated at an altitude of 1,830 m. Its temperature fluctuates between +37° and -10° Celsius. Its average annual rainfall is 300 mm [4]

Land of tulips[edit]

Historically, the name of the town has been recorded as Vartpadegān,[5] Jorfadeghan,[6] Darbayagan, Kuhpayegan,[7] and Golbādagān.[8] Golpayegan means "fortress of flowers" and "land of tulips" (Persian: سرزمین گلهای سرخ‎, romanizedSarzamin-e golha-ye sorkh). According to Ḥamd-Allāh Mostawfi, the town of Golpāyegān was built by the daughter of Bahman, named Samra, also known as Homāy Bente Bahman in Persian.[9]

History[edit]

After Parsadan Gorgijanidze was dismissed from his post as prefect (darugheh) of Isfahan, he was appointed as the new eshik-agha (Master of Ceremonies) and given five villages in the confines of Golpayegan as a fief by king (shah) Abbas II (r. 1642-1666).[10][11] Historically, the name of the town has been recorded as Karbāyagān; Jarbāḏaqān; Darbāyagān; and Golbādagān.[12]

Historical monuments[edit]

Several historical monuments are located in Golpayegan: Jameh mosque of Golpayegan, a minaret (Manar) from the Seljuk period, the Sarāvar mosque from the 15th-16th centuries, as well as the Hevdah Tan shrine from the 17th century[13], Gouged Stronghold, the stronghold was used as a caravansary, but during the war time or when the bandits attacked, it was used as a castle.

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.amar.org.ir/english
  2. ^ Golpayegan can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3064684" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11.
  4. ^ (Wezārat-e defāʿ, pp. 218-19; Wezārat-e rāh wa tarābari, pp. 119-20).
  5. ^ (Eṣṭaḵri, p. 198, n. c);
  6. ^ Moqaddasi, p. 402;
  7. ^ (Abu’l-Fedā, Taqwim, p. 419;
  8. ^ (Nozhat al-qolub, ed. Le Strange, p. 68).
  9. ^ (p. 95) and Qāżi Aḥmad Ḡaffāri (p. 30),
  10. ^ Giunashvili 2016.
  11. ^ Paghava, Turkia & Akopyan 2010, p. 22.
  12. ^ Minu Yusofnezhad, "GOLPĀYAGĀN", Encyclopaedia Iranica[1]
  13. ^ (Meškāti, pp. 64-67; Rafiʿi Mehrābādi, pp. 895-96, 898-901).

Sources[edit]

  • Giunashvili, Jemshid (2016). "GORGIJANIDZE, PARSADAN". Encyclopaedia Iranica.
  • Paghava, I., Turkia S., Akopyan A. (2010), "The cross-in-circle mark on the silver coins of the Safavid ruler, Sultān Husayn, from the Iravān mint", Journal of the Oriental Numismatic Society 202

External links[edit]