Gombe State

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Gombe State
Flag of Gombe State
Location of Gombe State in Nigeria
Location of Gombe State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 10°15′N 11°10′E / 10.250°N 11.167°E / 10.250; 11.167Coordinates: 10°15′N 11°10′E / 10.250°N 11.167°E / 10.250; 11.167
Country Nigeria
Date created1 October 1996
 • Governor
Muhammad Inuwa Yahaya (APC)
 • Deputy GovernorManassah Jatau
 • Total18,768 km2 (7,246 sq mi)
Area rank21st of 36
 (2006 census)1
 • Total2,365,040[1]
 • Rank33rd of 36
 • Year2007
 • Total$2.50 billion[2]
 • Per capita$1,036[2]
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
ISO 3166 codeNG-GO
HDI (2016)0.401[3] · 26th of 36
^1 Preliminary results

Gombe, usually referred to as Gombe State to distinguish it from the city of Gombe, is located in the northeastern part of Nigeria, is one of the country's 36 states; its capital is Gombe. The boundaries of the state roughly correspond to those of the Tangale-Waja Chiefdom and Gombe Emirate, a traditional state.

The State, nicknamed the Jewel In The Savannah, was formed in October 1996 from part of the old Bauchi State by the Abacha military government. Its location in the north eastern zone, right within the expansive savannah, allows the state to share common borders with the states of Borno, Yobe, Taraba, Adamawa and Bauchi. The state has an area of 20,265 km² and a population of around 2,365,000 people as of 2006.[1] Gombe has two distinct climates, the dry season (November–March) and the rainy season (April–October) with an average rainfall of 850mm. The State is headed by the Executive Governor Muhammad Inuwa Yahaya and also has 24 State House Assembly members. Gombe has 11 Local Government Areas and 14 Emirates /chiefdoms. It has 3 Senators and 6 Members in the National Assembly.

Local Government Areas[edit]

Gombe State consists of eleven (11) Local Government Areas. They are:

LGA Area (km2) Census 2006
Administrative capital Postal
Akko 2,627 337,853 Kumo 771
Balanga 1,626 212,549 Tallase 761
Billiri 737 202,144 Billiri 771
Dukku 3,815 207,190 Dukku 760
Funakaye 1,415 236,087 Bajoga 762
Gombe 52 268,000 Gombe (city) 760
Kaltungo 881 149,805 Kaltungo 770
Kwami 1,787 195,298 Mallam Sidi 760
Nafada 1,586 138,185 Nafada 762
Shongom 922 151,520 Boh 770
Yamaltu/Deba 1,981 255,248 Deba Habe 761

Demographic composition[edit]

Gombe State is a multi-ethnic society that consists of the dominant Fulani tribe, who inhabit the Northern part of the Gombe State, and Tangale, who occupy the southern part of the state. Other ethnicities include the Hausa, Tera, Waja, Bolewa, and Kanuri, with their different cultural as well as lingual affiliations. The second largest ethnic group apart from Hausa is the Tera, who occupy the greater part of Yamaltu Deba Local Government. The state capital, Gombe, is a reflection of the heterogeneity of the state.

By: Bappaji Musa Nafada

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ a b "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". population.gov.ng. Retrieved 2017-10-10.
  2. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
  3. ^ "National Human Development Report 2018" (PDF).