Gombe State

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Gombe State
Flag of Gombe State
Seal of Gombe State
Location of Gombe State in Nigeria
Location of Gombe State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 10°15′N 11°10′E / 10.250°N 11.167°E / 10.250; 11.167Coordinates: 10°15′N 11°10′E / 10.250°N 11.167°E / 10.250; 11.167
Country Nigeria
Date created1 October 1996
 • Governor
Muhammad Inuwa Yahaya (APC)
 • Deputy GovernorManassah Jatau
 • Total18,768 km2 (7,246 sq mi)
Area rank21st of 36
 (2006 census)1
 • Total2,365,040[1]
 • Rank33rd of 36
 • Ethnicity
Fulani Tangale others
 • Religions
70% of Islam 25% of Christians and 5% of traditional religion
 • Year2007
 • Total$2.50 billion[2]
 • Per capita$1,036[2]
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
ISO 3166 codeNG-GO
HDI (2018)0.410[3]
low · 34th of 37
^1 Preliminary results

Gombe, usually referred to as Gombe State to distinguish it from its capital city Gombe, is located in northeastern Nigeria and is one of the country's 36 states. The boundaries of the state roughly correspond to those of the Tangale-Waja Chiefdom and Gombe Emirate, a traditional state. The state is chiefly inhabited by indigenous tribes which Fulani constitute the majority amongst the indigenous tribes and other minority tribes.


The state has an area of 20,265 km² and a population of around 2,365,000 people as of 2006.[1]

The State's slogan is the Jewel In The Savannah. It was formed in October 1996 from part of the old Bauchi State by the Abacha military government. Its location in the north eastern zone, right within the expansive savannah, allows the state to share common borders with the states of Borno, Yobe, Taraba, Adamawa and Bauchi.

Gombe has two distinct climates, the dry season (November–March) and the rainy season (April–October) with an average rainfall of 850mm.

The State is headed by the Executive Governor Muhammad Inuwa Yahaya and also has 24 State House Assembly members. Gombe has 11 Local Government Areas and 14 Emirates/chiefdoms. It has 3 Senators and 6 Members in the National Assembly.

Local Government Areas[edit]

Gombe State consists of eleven (11) Local Government Areas. They are:

LGA Area (km2) Census 2006
Administrative capital Postal
Akko 2,627 337,853 Kumo 771
Balanga 1,626 212,549 Tallase 761
Billiri 737 202,144 Billiri 771
Dukku 3,815 207,190 Dukku 760
Funakaye 1,415 236,087 Bajoga 762
Gombe 52 268,000 Gombe (city) 760
Kaltungo 881 149,805 Kaltungo 770
Kwami 1,787 195,298 Mallam Sidi 760
Nafada 1,586 138,185 Nafada 762
Shongom 922 151,520 Boh 770
Yamaltu/Deba 1,981 255,248 Deba Habe 761


Gombe State is a multi-ethnic society that consists of the dominant Fulani tribe, who inhabit the Northern part of the Gombe State. They dominated 7 out of the 11 Local Government Areas of the state. This include Dukku, Kwami, Funakaye, Nafada, Akko yamaltu deba,and Gombe LGAs. Apart from the Fulani, there are also the Tangale, found in Billiri and Kaltungo areas. Other ethnicities include the Hausa, Tula, Tera (Yamaltu-Deba), Waja, Bolewa, and Kanuri, with their different cultural as well as lingual affiliations.


Languages of Gombe State listed by LGA:[4]

l Gombe ll Fulani; Tera, Bolewa I-
LGA Languages
Akko Fulani ; Tangale;
Balanga Bangwinji; Centúúm; Dadiya; Dera; Dikaka; Dza; Kyak; Longuda; Moo; Tangale; Tso; Waja ; Fulani
Billiri Bangwinji; Burak; Hõne; Kamo; Tangale ;Fulani
Dukku Fulani;
Funakaye Fulani;
Kaltungo Awak; Pero; Tangale; Tula; Fulani; Kamu
Kwami Fulani;
Nafada Fulani;
Shongom Kushi; Moo; Loo
Yamaltu-Deba Tera; Fulani

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ a b "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". population.gov.ng. Archived from the original on 2018-10-16. Retrieved 2017-10-10.
  2. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ "Nigeria". Ethnologue (22 ed.). Retrieved 2020-01-10.