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|Elevation||238 m (781 ft)|
|• Official||Hindi, Santali|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Gomia (also spelled as Gumia) is a census town in Gomia block in Bermo subdivision of Bokaro district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. The modern name is a transformation of Gumia over the years. Though, today, it is still listed as Gumia by the South Eastern Railway (India) (station code GMIA).
Gomia took shape around the year 1956, when the Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI as its popularly known as), set up a commercial explosives (IEL) factory there. It was developed together a residential colony to house the 3500 employees that would work in the factory. Since then, Gomia has been known as an example of diversity - with people of different nationalities, cultures and religious beliefs coming together to write a new chapter in the history of the then Hazaribagh district. Since the late 1950s, it has switched districts twice, first becoming a part of Giridih and then becoming a part of Bokaro district.
As of 2001[update] India census, Gumia had a population of 45,532. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Gumia has an average literacy rate of 64%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 74%, and female literacy is 52%. In Gumia, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.
As of the 2011 census, the total number of literate citizens in Gumia was listed as 32,968, out of which 19,240 were males and 13,728 were females.
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Orica's IEL factory is the lifeline for Gomia. More than 80% of the population benefits from the factory, directly or indirectly.
Gomia lies on one of the first railway links that was set up in Chota Nagpur Plateau. It is on the Gomoh-Barkakhana line. It is well connected with trains to the following places, with the approximate distances shown alongside:
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Gumia
- Orica to form Explosives Venture with ICI India
- "2011 Census C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". Jharkhand – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.