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Clavariadelphus ligula 060922b.jpg
Clavariadelphus ligula
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Subclass: Phallomycetidae
Order: Gomphales
Jülich, 1981[1]


The Gomphales are an order of basidiomycete fungi.[2][3][4] Some or all families belonging to Gomphales have been sometimes included in the order Phallales (and vice versa - [5] they are also sometimes treated as synonyms),[6] the now-obsolete Ramariaceae was also previously included in Cantharellales. Recent phylogenetic analyses include in Gomphales the families of the original description of the order by W. Jülich, with addition of Clavariadelphaceae.[7] According to one 2008 estimate, the Gomphales contain 18 genera and 336 species.[8]


  1. ^ Julich, W. (1981). "Higher taxa of basidiomycetes". Biblthca Mycol. 85: 348. 
  2. ^ Hibbett, David S. 2007. Agaricomycetes. Mushroom-Forming Fungi. Version 20 April 2007. http://tolweb.org/Agaricomycetes/20535/2007.04.20 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/
  3. ^ Hibbett et al., A higher-level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi.Mycological Research (vol. 111, p. 509-547)
  4. ^ Mycobank http://www.mycobank.org/MycoTaxo.aspx?Link=T&Rec=90552
  5. ^ New Zealand Fungi - Phallaceae
  6. ^ ITIS database
  7. ^ K.Hosaka et al. Molecular phylogenetics of the gomphoid-phalloid fungi with an establishment of the new subclass Phallomycetidae and two new orders. Mycologia, 98(6), 2006, pp. 949-959
  8. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford: CABI. p. 289. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8.