Gomphus (fungus)

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For the genus of dragonfly, see Gomphus (dragonfly).
Gomphus clavatus
Albin Schmalfuß, 1897
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Gomphales
Family: Gomphaceae
Genus: Gomphus
Pers. (1794)
Type species
Gomphus clavatus
(Pers.) Gray (1821)

see text

Gomphus is a genus of cantharelloid fungi in the family Gomphaceae.[1] Once presumed to be related to chanterelles, molecular study has shown them to be allied with stinkhorns and fairy clubs. The type species of the genus is the pig's ear (G. clavatus).

Christiaan Hendrik Persoon named the genus in 1797, but did not assign any species to it at the time.[2] The generic name is derived from the Greek 'γομφος' gomphos meaning 'plug' or 'large wedge-shaped nail'.[3]


As of September 2015, Index Fungorum accepts 18 species of Gomphus:[4]

There are several undescribed species in the forests of Myrtle beech (Nothofagus cunninghamii) in Tasmania.[5] Bruce Fuhrer noticed in 1992 that the large and ornamented spores of these species resembled those of the genera Ramaria and Beenakia.[6]


  1. ^ Giachini, Admir J.; Camelini, Carla M.; Rossi, Márcio J.; Soares, Cláudio R.F.S.; Trappe, James M. (2012). "Systematics of the Gomphales: the genus Gomphus sensu stricto". Mycotaxon. 120: 385–400. doi:10.5248/120.385. 
  2. ^ Giachini AJ, Castellano MA (2011). "A new taxonomic classification for species in Gomphus sensu lato". Mycotaxon. 115: 183–201. doi:10.5248/115.183. 
  3. ^ Liddell HJ, Scott R (1980). Greek-English Lexicon, Abridged Edition. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-910207-4. 
  4. ^ Kirk PM. "Species Fungorum (version 26th August 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life". Retrieved 2015-09-03. 
  5. ^ Fuhrer B (2005) A Field Guide to Australian Fungi. Bloomings Books. ISBN 1-876473-51-7
  6. ^ Fuhrer B, Robinson R (1992). Rainforest Fungi of Tasmania and Southeast Australia. CSIRO Press. ISBN 978-0-643-05311-3. 

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