Gomshall Post Office and Mill
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|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
It is located on the A25, roughly halfway between Guildford and Dorking, and within Shere civil parish, which according to the 2001 Census had a population of 3,359. Other neighbouring villages include Albury, Abinger Hammer and Sutton Abinger.
The River Tillingbourne flows through Gomshall, while the North Downs Way passes just to the north. The village also has a railway station, served by Great Western Railway trains running between Reading and Redhill.
The Manor of Gumesele was a Saxon feudal landholding that originally included the present day Gomshall.
Gomshall appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Gomeselle. It was held by William the Conqueror. Its domesday assets were: 1 mill worth 3s 4d, 20 ploughs, 3 acres (12,000 m2) of meadow, woodland worth 30 hogs. It rendered £30.
In 1154, Henry II of England divided the Manor of Gumesele into three: West Gomshall, East Gomshall and Somersbury. In 1240, West Gomshall was granted to the Cistercian Abbey of Netley in Hampshire and became known as Gomshall Netley. East Gomshall was granted to the Abbey of St Mary Graces, Tower Hill, London in 1376 and became known as Gomshall Towerhill.
For the 1380 poll tax, Gomshall had 267 names registered. The occupations written beside the names show land-holders and the usual country crafts but also a high proportion of skills relating to the wool trade; there were spinners and weavers, fullers and pelterers and many tailors.
Local industries developed based on the plentiful and constant water supply of the River Tillingbourne. Those that survived into the 20th century, but are now gone, were corn milling, watercress growing, and leather tanning. Gomshall Mill, now a public house, was the corn mill. Netley Mill pumped water for the Hurtwood Water Company for part of its existence.
- OS Explorer map 145:Guildford and Farnham. Scale: 1:25 000. Publisher:Ordnance Survey – Southampton. ISBN 978 0319239261
- Shere parish council Archived 2006-10-01 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Parish Headcounts, 2001". Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 2007-02-23.
- Ewhurst History Society Archived 2007-02-18 at the Wayback Machine.
- Surrey Domesday Book Archived 2007-07-15 at the Wayback Machine.
- History report[permanent dead link]
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