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Gomukhasana (Sanskrit: गोमुखासन; IAST: Gomukhāsana) or Cow Face Pose[1] is a seated asana in hatha yoga, sometimes used for meditation.

Etymology and origins[edit]

The name comes from the Sanskrit गो go meaning "cow", मुख mukha meaning "face" or "mouth",[2] and आसन āsana meaning "posture" or "seat".[3]

The pose is ancient as it is described in the Darshana Upanishad, written around the 4th century.[4] It is sometimes used for meditation and pranayama.[5]


Placing the right ankle by the side of the left buttock and the left ankle by the side of the right buttock

— Darshana Upanishad: 3, 3–4


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Yoga Journal - Cow Face Pose". Retrieved 2011-04-09.
  2. ^ "Gomukhasana A". Ashtanga Yoga. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  3. ^ Sinha, S. C. (1996). Dictionary of Philosophy. Anmol Publications. p. 18. ISBN 978-81-7041-293-9.
  4. ^ Ayyangar, T. R. Srinivasa (trans.) (1938). The Yoga Upanishads. Adyar, Madras: The Adyar Library. p. 124.
  5. ^ "Gomukhasana (Cow Face Posture)". The Divine Life Society. 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2019. Hence, this Asana is suitable for the practice of Pranayama. Ordinarily you can sit at all times in this Asana for long meditation also.

Further reading[edit]