|Trade names||Factrel, HRF, Kryptocur, Lutrelef, Lutrepulse, Relefact, others|
|Synonyms||Abbott 41070; AY-24031; Hoe-471; RU-19847|
|Intravenous injection, subcutaneous injection|
|Drug class||GnRH analogue; GnRH agonist; Progonadotropin|
|Elimination half-life||10–40 minutes|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||1182.311 g·mol−1|
|3D model (JSmol)|
Gonadorelin is a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH agonist) which is used in fertility medicine and to treat amenorrhea and hypogonadism. It is also used in veterinary medicine. The medication is a form of the endogenous GnRH and is identical to it in chemical structure. It is given by injection into a blood vessel or fat or as a nasal spray.
Gonadorelin is used as a diagnostic agent to assess pituitary gland function. It is also used in the treatment of primary hypothalamic amenorrhea, hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (e.g., Kallmann syndrome), delayed puberty, cryptorchidism, and infertility. Unlike other GnRH analogues, it is not used to suppress sex hormone production.
Gonadorelin is available in a portable infusion pump that provides pulsatile subcutaneous administration of the drug. The usual dosage delivered is 5 to 20 µg of gonadorelin per pulse every 90 to 120 minutes. It is also available in solution form for intravenous or subcutaneous injection and as a nasal spray.
Gonadorelin is an agonist of the GnRH receptor and is used to induce the secretion of the gonadotropins follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone from the pituitary gland and to increase sex hormone production by the gonads.
Gonadorelin was available for medical use, under the brand name Factrel, as early as 1978.
Society and culture
Gonadorelin is the generic name of the drug and its INN, BAN, and JAN, while gonadorelina is its DCIT and gonadoréline is its DCF. The diacetate salt is known as gonadorelin acetate and this is its USAN, BANM, and JAN, while the hydrochloride salt is known as gonadorelin hydrochloride and this is its USAN and BANM.
Free alcohol gonadorelin has been marketed under the brand names Cryptocur, Cystoréline, Fertagyl, GnRH Serono, Gonadorelin, HRF, Kryptocur, LH-RH, Luforan, Pulstim, Relefact, Relisorm L, Stimu-LH, and Wyeth-Ayest HRF. Gonadorelin diacetate has been marketed under the brand names Kryptocur, LHRH Ferring, Lutamin, Lutrelef, Lutrepulse, Relisorm L, and Relisorm. GnRH hydrochloride has been marketed under the brand names Factrel, HRF, and Luforan. Additional brand names of gonadorelin and its salts include Acegon, Conceptyl, Cystorelin, Enagon, Equity Oestrus Control, Fertagyl Cattle, Fertiral, Gonabreed, Gonadorelin Interpharm, Gonasyn, Gonavet Veyx, Hypocrine, Improvest, LH RH Tanabe, LHRH Ferring, LH-RH Ferring, LH-RH Tanabe, Oestracton, OvaCyst, Ovsynch, OVsynch, Ovurelin, Ovarelin, and Relefact LH-RH. The majority of these brand names are for veterinary use.
Gonadorelin is available widely throughout the world for clinical and/or veterinary use, including in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Ireland, elsewhere throughout Europe, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, Taiwan, and in many other countries.
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