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|Male variegated, or Brilliant South American, gecko Gonatodes ceciliae, Trinidad|
31 officially described as of October 2014, see text
The majority of the species in the genus Gonatodes are diurnally active, scansorial, and sexually dichromatic, with adult body size (snout-vent length) ranging from 28 to 65 mm (1.1 to 2.6 in) for known species.
Female ocellated gecko Gonatodes ocellatus, Little Tobago
The diets of the various species of Gonatodes are composed mainly of very small arthropods.
Clutch size is one, with most species producing several clutches per year, and some utilizing communal egg-laying sites.
Most species are humid tropical forest dwelling (some in warm lowlands, and others in somewhat cooler montane regions), with relatively fewer species utilizing more open, drier habitats at forest edge, tropical dry seasonal forest and scrub forest. Some species (usually those that use drier natural habitats) are able to utilize even more open human modified environments; in some cases including highly urbanized areas. Gonatodes usually spend most of their active hours perched anywhere from ground level to about 0.6 metres above ground (sometimes up to 2 or 3 metres) on vertical or near vertical surfaces of tree trunks, tree stumps, logs and sometimes rocks (as well as on walls and house-posts for those that are able to use human altered environments). They seldom sit exposed to direct strong sunlight (they do not appear to bask), and most seem to prefer shade or less exposure to direct sun light.
Species of Gonatodes are found in Central America including southern Mexico, a few Caribbean Islands (including Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica and Union Island in St. Vincent and the Grenadines) and the northern part of South America, including Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, French Guiana, Suriname, parts of Brazil, Venezuela, the islands of Trinidad and Tobago, and some of the small islands just off the cost of northern South America.
Human mediated introductions have occurred with one species in the Galapagos Islands and another in Florida. In addition, some species have been transplanted by human activity to various regions within the general range of the genus where the particular species did not previously exist.
- Gonatodes albogularis (A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1836) – yellow-headed gecko
- Gonatodes alexandermendesi Cole & Kok, 2006 – Mendes' gecko
- Gonatodes annularis Boulenger, 1887 – annulated gecko
- Gonatodes antillensis (Lidth de Jeude, 1887) – Antilles gecko
- Gonatodes astralis Schargel et al., 2010
- Gonatodes atricucullaris Noble, 1921 – Cajamarca gecko
- Gonatodes caudiscutatus (Günther, 1859) – shieldhead gecko
- Gonatodes ceciliae Donoso-Barros, 1966 – variegated or brilliant South American gecko
- Gonatodes concinnatus (O'Shaughnessy, 1881) – O'Shaughnessy's gecko or collared gecko
- Gonatodes daudini Powell & Henderson, 2005 – Daudin's gecko
- Gonatodes eladioi Nascimento et al., 1987 – South American gecko
- Gonatodes falconensis Shreve, 1947 – Estado Falcon gecko
- Gonatodes fuscus (Hallowell, 1855)
- Gonatodes hasemani Griffin, 1917 – Haseman's gecko
- Gonatodes humeralis (Guichenot, 1855) – Trinidad gecko
- Gonatodes infernalis Rivas & Schargel, 2008
- Gonatodes lichenosus Rojas-Runjaic et al., 2010
- Gonatodes ligiae Donoso-Barros, 1967
- Gonatodes nascimentoi Sturaro & Ávila-Pires, 2011
- Gonatodes naufragus Rivas et al., 2013
- Gonatodes ocellatus (Gray, 1831) – eyespot or ocellated gecko
- Gonatodes petersi Donoso-Barros, 1967 – Peters' gecko
- Gonatodes purpurogularis Esqueda, 2004
- Gonatodes riveroi Sturaro & Avila-Pires, 2011
- Gonatodes rozei Rivero-Blanco & Schargel, 2012
- Gonatodes seigliei Donoso-Barros, 1966 – Estados Sucre gecko
- Gonatodes superciliaris Barrio-Amorós & Brewer-Carías, 2008
- Gonatodes taniae Roze, 1963 – Estado Aragua gecko
- Gonatodes tapajonicus Rodrigues, 1980 – Pará gecko
- Gonatodes timidus Kok, 2011
- Gonatodes vittatus (Lichtenstein, 1856) – Wiegmann's striped gecko
- "Gonatodes ". ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System). www.itis.gov.
- "Gonatodes ". The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
- Gamble T, Simons AM, Colli GR, Vitt LJ (2008). "Tertiary climate change and the diversification of the Amazonian gecko genus Gonatodes (Sphaerodactylidae, Squamata)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 46: 269–277.
- Gamble T, Bauer AM, Greenbaum E, Jackman TR (2008). "Evidence for Gondwanan vicariance in an ancient clade of gecko lizards". Journal of Biogeography 35: 88–104.
- Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Daudin, J.", p. 66).
- Kok PJR (2011). "A new species of the genus Gonatodes Fitzinger, 1843 (Reptilia: Sphaerodactylidae) from central Guyana, northern South America". Zootaxa 3018: 1-12. (Gonatodes timidus, new species).
- Fitzinger L (1843). Systema Reptilium, Fasciculus Primus, Amblyglossae. Vienna: Braumüller & Seidel. 106 pp. + indices. (Gonatodes, new genus, pp. 18, 90-91). (in Latin).
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