University of Gondar
|President||Dr Desalegn Mengesha|
The University of Gondar, until 2003 known as the Gondar College of Medical Sciences, is the oldest medical school in Ethiopia. Established as the Public Health College in 1954, it is located in Gondar, the former capital of Ethiopia.
In 2010, the university offered about 42 undergraduate and 17 postgraduate programs. As of 2016, the University offers 56 undergraduate and 64 postgraduate. These are organized under the College of Medicine and Health Sciences, College of Business and Economics, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, College of Social Sciences and Humanities, and Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Faculty of Agriculture, and three schools (School of Law, School of Technology and School of Education).
The Public Health College was established following an agreement signed by the acting Ethiopian minister of public health, Marsae Hazan Wolde Qiros, and the government of the United States in April, 1954. The Ethiopian government signed a similar agreement with the World Health Organization September of that year. These agreements specified that the College would consist of four parts: a training school, a hospital, and awraja (regional district) and municipal health departments. As a result, the College played a significant role in improving public health in Gondar over the next few years.
The training school's mission was to supply middle-level health professionals who would operate a network of health centers distributed across the country. Each center would be staffed by a health officer, a community nurse, a sanitarian and a laboratory technician, and was expected to care for about 50,000 people. The first health centers were built around Gondar, but as the Public Health College came to be responsible for the public health of Begemder Provinceas well, they were forced to build new centers ever further away.
One of the results of signing a new treaty between the United States and Ethiopia in June 1960 was the upgrade of the Public Health College to full college status. However, when Haile Selassie University (since renamed Addis Ababa University) became a chartered institution, it received the responsibility for all higher education in the country, and the Public Health College was made a part of the University. Its innovative program is based on field work, and its work to improve public health in Gondar and Begemder province were replaced by an emphasis on academic coursework which led to a Bachelor of Science in Public Health.
While remaining part of Addis Ababa University, Gondar College was reorganized with the help of Karl Marx University in East Germany (now known as Leipzig University) in 1978; in 1992, the College regained its autonomy. The subsequent creation of a Faculty of Management Science and Economics, a Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities and a Faculty of Applied Natural Sciences enabled the college to grow into University College in 2003; the following year the institution was renamed the University of Gondar.
- Research and Community Services Core Process, University of Gondar website (accessed 3 March 2011)
- Solomon Getahun, History of the City of Gondar (Trenton, Red Sea Press, 2005), p. 131
- Solomon, History, pp. 132-6
- Asrat Woldeyes, "The Postliberation Period (1941-1971)", in Richard Pankhurst, An Introduction to the Medical History of Ethiopia (Trenton: Red Sea Press, 1990), pp. 246
- Solomon, History, p. 139
- Asrat Waldeyes, "The Postliberation Period", pp. 255f
- Brief History of the University, University of Gondar website (accessed 3 March 2011)