Gonen

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Gonen
גּוֹנֵן
Gonen ap 006.jpg
Gonen is located in Northeast Israel
Gonen
Gonen
Coordinates: 33°7′20.63″N 35°38′47.03″E / 33.1223972°N 35.6463972°E / 33.1223972; 35.6463972Coordinates: 33°7′20.63″N 35°38′47.03″E / 33.1223972°N 35.6463972°E / 33.1223972; 35.6463972
District Northern
Council Upper Galilee
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 13 August 1951
Founded by Nahal
Population (2017)[1] 354
Name meaning Defended

Gonen (Hebrew: גּוֹנֵן‬, lit. Defended) is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Located in the Finger of the Galilee near Kiryat Shmona, it falls under the jurisdiction of Upper Galilee Regional Council. In 2017 it had a population of 354.[1]

History[edit]

Gonen was established on 13 August 1951 as a Nahal settlement[2] on the land of the Palestinian village of Ghuraba, which had become depopulated in the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.[3]

It was civilianised a year later by a group of Hebrew Scouts.[4] It was the first Nahal settlement to convert to civilian control.

Its name is derived from the Book of Kings and symbolized the settlement's strategic location and proximity to the pre-Six-Day War Israel–Syria border, established in the 1949 Armistice Agreements. During the 1949–1967 period, the village's vicinity was the site of numerous skirmishes with the Syrian army.[4]

Since 1994, the kibbutz has been in the process of conversion to a community settlement.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
  2. ^ Vilnai, Ze'ev (1976). "Kaukab". Ariel Encyclopedia (in Hebrew). Volume 2. Tel Aviv, Israel: Am Oved. p. 1268.
  3. ^ Khalidi, W. (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. p. 452. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
  4. ^ a b c HaReuveni, Immanuel (1999). Lexicon of the Land of Israel (in Hebrew). Miskal - Yedioth Ahronoth Books and Chemed Books. p. 185. ISBN 965-448-413-7.