Gong (surname)

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Gong is a surname which can be found throughout Eurasian continent. It is the English transcription of a number of different Chinese surnames: 江, 宫, 龔, 共, 公, 鞏, 功, 貢, and 弓. Gong may also be a Korean surname, but this Korean Gong may be the English transcription of another surname Kong (孔).

The surname Gong also recorded in over seventy spellings and found throughout Europe in forms including Hue, Hugh, Hugo, Hew, the Swisse Huge, the Bavarian Hugg and the French aphetics Gan, Gange, Gon, Gong, Gonge, Gonger, Gunge, the diminutives Hugett, Huelin, Hugonneau, Gangee, Gangey, Gonnet, Gonout, Gonoude, and the Italian Ughini, this is a name which is ultimately of pre 7th century German origins. It was to be found in almost every European country by the 12th century.

Surname Gong 江[edit]

Jiang1 surname.png

Gong (Chinese: ), also transcribed as Kong or Jiang, is a Chinese surname, accounting for 0.26% of the Han Chinese population (~3.3 millions). It is the 52nd most common Chinese surname and is the 141st surname listed in the Hundred Family Surnames poem. It is the 74th most common surname in China (2007),[1] and the 25th most common surname in Taiwan (2010).[2]

Origin[edit]

The family name Gong (Chinese: ) derived from the ancient noble surname Yíng (Chinese: ). It is the royal house name of the early Qin, and Qin Dynasty. Ying Zheng is the first emperor of the unified Chinese empire.

After Boyi helped Yu the Great bring flood control to the early Chinese, Yu's son and successor Qi of Xia offered Boyi's son, Xuanzhong, the position of Lord of Jiangdi (Chinese: 江地 - modern Jiangling County in Hubei Province).[3] Boyi's descendants ruled the area as kings of an autonomous "River Kingdom" (Chinese: 江国; pinyin: Jiāng Guó) during the Shang Dynasty and Western Zhou Dynasty, with its capital city near today's Zhengyang County, Henan Province.[4]

During the Spring and Autumn period, the kingdom was often under attack from the neighboring states of Chu, Song, and Qi, each of which was larger than the "River Kingdom". While defending from neighbors' attacks, the Jiang state also had to deal with the Huai River's frequent flooding, which often inundated the kingdom's central areas. These difficulties prevented Jiang from developing significant economic or military power. It survived until 623 BC when it was destroyed by Chu.

At the time of the kingdom's destruction, many of its surviving inhabitants fled to what is now Henan Province and took the kingdom's name, "Jiang", as their clan name.

Surname Gong 龔, 共[edit]

Gong (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: , rank 192 in China), also transcribed as Kung or Kong from Cantonese (Hong Kong and Macao), is the 99th most prevalent Chinese surname listed in the ancient Song Dynasty classic text, "Hundred Family Surnames". In Chinese writing, the character "龚" is composed of the two characters 龙 (upper character, meaning dragon) and 共 (lower character, meaning altogether, common, general, shared, or together).

As of 2002, there are around 1.5 million people with the Gong 龚 surname in China, representing 0.2% of its population.[5] They are most commonly found along the Yangtze River basin, especially in the province of Anhui.

Origin[edit]

According to one story, the surname Gong 龔 was derived from the other Gong (共). An ancestor of the Gong clan with the surname 共 had to flee from troubles, and change his surname from 共 to 龔 by adding the character for dragon (龍) on top. According to other legends, they are the descendants of a minister of the Huang Emperor named Gong Gu (共鼓), or the descendants of Gong Gong (共工), a minister of Emperor Yao.[6]

The Gong surname may also be derived from the Gong tribe of the Ba state in Sichuan, and during the Han Dynasty there were a number of prominent people with surname Gong from the lower reaches of Jialing River.[7]

Prominent people with the Kong (龔, 共) surname[edit]

Surname Gong 公[edit]

Gong (Chinese: , rank 408 of china), is a Chinese and Korean surname. The other Gong surnames 共, 龔, 鞏, 功, 貢 have disappeared from Korea.

Gong may be derived from china's a two-syllable family names:

  • 公为、公华、公慎、公孟、公之、公父、公冉、公甲、公古、公文、公德、公良、公孙、公车、公金、公都、公建、公山、公祖、公宾、公仪、公输、公敛、公思、公若、公林、公坚、公施、公荆、公仲、公朱、公上、公叔、公仇、公行、公成、公师、公族、公正、公明、公子、公土、公襄、公牛、公玉、公牵、公干、公旗、公丘、公羊、公西、公何、公冶、公巫、公宣、公夏、公析、

Gong + 孫, 羊, 石 are two-syllable surnames from the Zhou Dynasty

  • Gong Yang (公羊) clan from ruler Ji Ye (子野) son of Lu (state)
  • Gong Shi (公石) clan from ruler Ji Ban(子般) son of Lu (state)
  • Gong Sun (公孫) clan from royal Zi Chan(子產, 子产) of Zheng (state)

Surname Gong 鞏, 巩[edit]

Gong (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ), rank 370 in China

Surname Gong 功[edit]

Gong (Chinese: ), Chinese surname

Surname Gong 貢[edit]

Gong (Chinese: ), Chinese surname

  • from add-name Ji Gong(子貢) of DuanMu Ci(端木賜)
    • DuanMu(端木:DyunMuk) clan from Shaohao(少昊)

Others[edit]

  • Gong, common form of Kong in Korea.

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ 歷年大學聯招查榜服務
  3. ^ Tong Zhi - Shi Zu Lüe - Yi Guo Wei Shi 《通志·氏族略·以国为氏》.
  4. ^ Chinese: 《姓谱》:“伯益之裔,封于江陵,子孙以国为氏。
  5. ^ 袁义达, 张诚 (2002). 中国姓氏: 群体遗传和人口分布. East China Normal University Press. p. 181.
  6. ^ 中原寻根: 源于河南千家姓. 河南人民出版社. 1994. p. 618.
  7. ^ Terry F. Kleeman (1998). Ta Chʻeng, Great Perfection - Religion and Ethnicity in a Chinese Millennial Kingdom. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 43–44. ISBN 0-8248-1800-8.