Gongyang of Goryeo

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Gongyang of Goryeo
고려 공양왕
King of Goryeo
Reign 1389 - 1392
Predecessor Chang of Goryeo
Successor Taejo of Joseon as King of Joseon
Born 9 March 1345
Died 17 May 1394 (1394-05-18) (aged 49)
Consort Royal Consort Sun-Bi
Issue Crown Prince Jeongseong
Princess Suknyeong
Princess Jeongshin
Princess Gyeeonghwa
Posthumous name
공양왕
恭讓王
House House of Wang
Father Wang Gyun, Grand Prince Jeongwon
Mother Grand Princess Samhanguk
Religion Buddhism


Gongyang of Goryeo
Hangul 공양왕
Hanja 恭讓王
Revised Romanization Gongyang Wang
McCune–Reischauer Kongyang Wang
Birth name
Hangul 왕요
Hanja 王搖
Revised Romanization Wang Yo
McCune–Reischauer Wang Yo

Gongyang of Goryeo (9 March 1345 - 17 May 1394, r. 1389 – 1392) was the 34th and final ruler of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He was deposed by Yi Seonggye, who then established the Joseon Dynasty.

Biography[edit]

Gongyang was a seventh-generation descendant of Sinjong of Goryeo, and the son of Wang Gyun. He married the daughter of No Chaek, Sun-bi of the No clan. In 1389, Yi Seonggye's supporters forced King Chang from the throne and enthroned Gongyang in his stead. This faction went on to oversee the events of Gongyang's brief reign, including the assassinations of Gongyang's predecessors, King U and King Chang.

After the murder of Jeong Mong-ju, the last major supporter of the Goryeo kings, Gongyang was deposed and the Goryeo dynasty came to the end. He was at first exiled to Wonju, then went to Samcheok where he died.

Family[edit]

  • Father : Wang Gyun, Grand Prince Jeongwon (왕균 정원부원군)
    • Grandfather : Wang Yu, Prince Sunhwa (? - 1360) (왕유 순화후 )
    • Grandmother : Princess Consort Mahanguk of the Shin clan (마한국명예비 신씨)
  • Mother : Grand Princess Samhanguk of the Kaesong Wang clan (삼한국대비 왕씨)
    • Grandfather : Wang Hun, Grand Prince Yeondeok (왕훈 연덕부원대군)
    • Grandmother : Lady Anui of the Jo clan (안의비 조씨)
  • Consorts :
  1. Royal Consort Sun-Bi of the Gyoha No clan (? - 1394) (순비 노씨)
    1. Wang Seok, Crown Prince Jeongseong (? - 1394) (왕석 정성군)
    2. Princess Suknyeong (숙녕궁주)
    3. Princess Jeongshin (? - 1421) (정신궁주)
    4. Princess Gyeeonghwa (경화궁주)
Monarchs of Korea
Goryeo
  1. Taejo 918–943
  2. Hyejong 943–945
  3. Jeongjong 945–949
  4. Gwangjong 949–975
  5. Gyeongjong 975–981
  6. Seongjong 981–997
  7. Mokjong 997–1009
  8. Hyeonjong 1009–1031
  9. Deokjong 1031–1034
  10. Jeongjong II 1034–1046
  11. Munjong 1046–1083
  12. Sunjong 1083
  13. Seonjong 1083–1094
  14. Heonjong 1094–1095
  15. Sukjong 1095–1105
  16. Yejong 1105–1122
  17. Injong 1122–1146
  18. Uijong 1146–1170
  19. Myeongjong 1170–1197
  20. Sinjong 1197–1204
  21. Huijong 1204–1211
  22. Gangjong 1211–1213
  23. Gojong 1213–1259
  24. Wonjong 1259–1269
  25. Yeongjong1269
  26. Wonjong 1269–1274
  27. Chungnyeol 1274–1308
  28. Chungseon 1308–1313
  29. Chungsuk 1313–1330
    1332–1339
  30. Chunghye 1330–1332
    1339–1344
  31. Chungmok 1344–1348
  32. Chungjeong 1348–1351
  33. Gongmin 1351–1374
  34. U 1374–1388
  35. Chang 1388–1389
  36. Gongyang 1389–1392

In Popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Gongyang of Goryeo
Born: 9 March 1345 Died: 17 May 1394
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Chang
King of Goryeo
1389–1392
Succeeded by
none