Gate towers leading into the Song tombs.
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||1,041 km2 (402 sq mi)|
|• Density||760/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Gongyi (simplified Chinese: 巩义市; traditional Chinese: 鞏義市; pinyin: Gǒngyì Shì), formerly Gong County (巩县; 鞏縣; Gǒngxiàn), is a county-level city belonging to the city of Zhengzhou in Henan province, China. It has a population of 790,000 people and an area of 1,041 km2 (402 sq mi).
Gongyi is located in the middle of Henan province, on the northern side of Mount Song. The Yellow River runs through the northern part of the city. Zhengzhou city proper lies 82 km (51 mi) to the east and Luoyang 76 km (47 mi) to the west.
The city was once known as Zhenxun (斟鄩), and was reputedly capital of China during part of the Xia dynasty. According to the Bamboo Annals, Houyi occupied Zhenxun with his forces while the Xia king Taikang was off hunting beyond the Luo River. He was then usurped by his lieutenant Han Zhuo and his son before the Xia were eventually restored.
The celebrated Song tombs are scattered through the towns (zhen) of Xicun, Zhitian, and Huiguo. They are the resting place for 7 emperors of the Northern Song dynasty and the father of the dynasty's founder. There are also the graves of loyal ministers of the Song.
After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, Gongyi was placed under the jurisdiction of Zhengzhou but came under the control of Kaifeng in January 1955 before reverting to Zhengzhou in August 1983. In 1991, Gongyi became a county-level city, still under the jurisdiction of Zhengzhou.
- Geography of Gongyi, Official website of Gongyi Government, visited on April 12, 2008.
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