Gonodactylus smithii

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Gonodactylus smithii
Mantis shrimp from front.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Stomatopoda
Family: Gonodactylidae
Genus: Gonodactylus
Species: G. smithii
Binomial name
Gonodactylus smithii
Pocock, 1893 [1]

Gonodactylus smithii, the purple spot mantis shrimp, is a species of mantis shrimp of the smasher type.[2] It is found from New Caledonia to the western part of the Indian Ocean,[2] including Australia's north coast and the Great Barrier Reef.[1]

It is the only organism known to simultaneously detect the four linear and two circular polarization components required for Stokes parameters, which yield a full description of polarization. It is thus believed to have optimal polarization vision.[3][4][5][6]

The specific epithet smithii is in commemoration of Sir Percy William Bassett-Smith.[7]


  1. ^ a b "Species Gonodactylus smithii Pocock, 1893". Australian Faunal Directory. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. January 30, 2009. Retrieved April 15, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Roy Caldwell. "Species: Gonodactylus smithii". Roy's List of Stomatopods for the Aquarium. University of California Museum of Paleontology. Retrieved April 15, 2010. 
  3. ^ Sonja Kleinlogel & Andrew White (2008). Iwaniuk, Andrew, ed. "The Secret World of Shrimps: Polarisation Vision at Its Best". PLoS ONE. 3 (5): e2190. arXiv:0804.2162Freely accessible. Bibcode:2008PLoSO...3.2190K. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002190. PMC 2377063Freely accessible. PMID 18478095. 
  4. ^ Daniel Cressey (May 14, 2008). "Shrimp's super sight". The Great Beyond. nature.com. 
  5. ^ Anne Minard (May 19, 2008). ""Weird beastie" shrimp have super-vision". National Geographic News. 
  6. ^ P. Z. Myers (May 24, 2008). "The superior eyes of shrimp". Pharyngula. Archived from the original on September 12, 2009. 
  7. ^ Hans G. Hansson. "Sir Percy William Bassett-Smith". Biographical Etymology of Marine Organism Names. Göteborgs Universitet. Retrieved April 15, 2010.