Goudarz

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Goudarz[1] (Persian: گودرز‎‎) is one of the main Iranian heroes in Shahnameh, the national epic of Greater Iran. He is son of Kashvad, father of Giv and Roham and the grandfather of Bizhan. His first appearance is in the time of Kay Kavus and thereafter he appears almost in every story of the heroic age, sometimes he is the spahbed of Iranian Army. His personality is described very positively with traits such as loyalty, patience and altruism.[2]

In Shahnameh[edit]

Goudarz plays a vital role in the story of Kay Khosrow. Kay Khosrow is one of the greatest kings of Shahnameh and he is the son of Siavash and Farangis and the grandson of Kay Kavus. Kay Khosrow was born and grown up in Turan. One day the Soroush (angel) comes to Goudarz in his dream and tells him that the son of Siavash is in Turan and Iranians should go there and bring him back to Iran. He tells Goudarz that only his son, Giv, could do this job. Goudarz then sends Giv to Turan in search of Kay Khosrow and after seven years, Giv finally finds Kay Khosrow and brings him back to Iran. At this time, Goudarz is an old man.

Goudarz is the one who kills Piran Veyse in the story of Davazdah Rokh.[2][3]

Unlike many other Iranian heroes who disappear in snow after Kay Khosrow's ascent, Goudarz survives this accident along with Rostam and Zāl.[2]

Historical Goudarz[edit]

It has been suggested that Goudarz in Shahnameh is actually Gotarzes II of Parthia.[2] The only difference is that in Shahnameh, Goudarz is the father of Giv, but in history it is the opposite, the historical Gotarzes is son of a certain Giv (this is known from his coins).[4]

Family tree[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kashvad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goudarz
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Giv
 
 
Roham
 
 
Bahram
 
Hojir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bizhan
 
 
Farhad

References[edit]

  1. ^ "خانواده‌هاي گودرز و پيران در شاهنامه به قلم پژوهشگر افغان". IBNA. Retrieved 16 February 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d Mousavi, Zohreh. "Goudarz in Shahnameh". Retrieved 16 February 2016. 
  3. ^ "Piran in Shahnameh". Retrieved 15 February 2016. 
  4. ^ Molaaey Afghanestani, Mohammadsarvar. "Kushanians in Shahnameh". Retrieved 16 February 2016.