Modern Goodyear City Hall building located at 190 N Litchfield Road.
Location of Goodyear in Maricopa County, Arizona.
|• Mayor||Georgia Lord|
|• Total||191.23 sq mi (495.29 km2)|
|• Land||191.20 sq mi (495.20 km2)|
|• Water||0.03 sq mi (0.09 km2)|
|Elevation||968 ft (295 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||77,258|
|• Density||404.07/sq mi (156.01/km2)|
|Time zone||MST (no DST) (UTC-7)|
|ZIP code||85338, 85395|
Goodyear (O'odham: Valin Thak) is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. It is a suburb of Phoenix and is in the Phoenix metropolitan area. According to the 2010 census, the population of the city is 65,275. Goodyear was the third fastest-growing place among all cities and towns in Arizona of any size between 1990 and 2000 (with an increase of 245.2%). The July 1, 2015, MAG population estimate was 79,003.
On June 6, 2008, Goodyear won the All-America City Award, sponsored by the National Civic League. The city is named after the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company. The company cultivated extensive farmland here to grow cotton for use in their tires.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government and infrastructure
- 5 Education
- 6 Sports
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Gallery
- 9 Notable people
- 10 Events
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Goodyear was established in 1917 with the purchase of 16,000 acres (65 km2) of land by the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company to cultivate cotton for vehicle tire threads. World War II was important to Goodyear in the 1940s as the current Phoenix Goodyear Airport was built, but after the war, the economy suffered. Goodyear became a town on November 19, 1946. At the time, it had 151 homes and 250 apartments, a grocery store, a barber shop, beauty shop and a gas station.
World War II
Luke Field Auxiliary #6 (Goodyear Field) was built by the United States Army Air Forces in 1943. It served as a satellite airfield for Luke AAF. According to the History of Luke AFB, this airfield boasted the most facilities. It had separate buildings for crew chiefs, operations, supply, barracks, pit latrine, crash truck shed, generator shed and a control tower. Luke AF Auxiliary #6 ceased operations by 1971.
The property, which is in a state of complete abandonment, is owned by the State of Arizona, which has worked with developers on proposals for use.
|Luke Field Auxiliary #6 as it looked in 2017|
In January 1965, the Phoenix Trotting Park, a harness racing track opened. As the region lacked major roads from Phoenix to Goodyear, there was not enough business and the track closed two years later. The Park still stands although it has been abandoned since the 1960s. Interstate 10 passes north of it.
The town became a city in 1985. In the same decade, the remaining 10,000 acres (40 km2) of the original farmland was sold for future development. The Phoenix Goodyear Airport received its current name in 1986.
Housing and growth
Although Goodyear was founded in 1917, the majority of construction and population growth happened after 1990. 22 communities that are completed and under construction have a total area of approximately 20,000 acres (31 sq mi). These communities, along with another 21 communities for future suburban development, will contain almost 200,000 homes, with only 25,000 built.
Goodyear was affected by the 2000s American housing bubble, reducing home values.
Estrella is the largest community in Goodyear, at 20,000 acres (31 sq mi). The community is home to about 10,000 residents. Palm Valley, located north of Interstate 10, is 9,000 acres (14 sq mi), with variously-sized homes. PebbleCreek is a community for active adult living, with 45 holes of championship golf, fitness centers, and restaurants.
From the 1990s through the 2010s, residential development has stimulated the growth of Goodyear as a suburb of Phoenix. Goodyear's population is projected to be 358,000 by 2035.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 116.5 square miles (302 km2), all of it land. The Gila River passes through the city. The largest master planned community is Estrella, south of the Gila River, located near the Estrella Mountains.
The Estrella Mountain Regional Park covers almost 20,000 acres (31 sq mi), and most of that area is still desert. It contains eight trails over 30 mi (48 km) in length combined, two baseball fields, and a 9.5 mi (15.3 km) track.
Adjacent places of Goodyear, Arizona
||Buckeye, White Tank Mountains||Glendale, Surprise||Litchfield Park, Glendale|
Goodyear has a subtropical desert climate (Köppen: BWh) due to its location in the Sonoran Desert. The city receives somewhere around ten inches of rain annually. The city has more than 300 sunny days per year.
Winters are mild and temperate, with lows in the upper 30s to the lower 50s and highs ranging from 60 to 75. Spring is warm with highs easily going over 90 in April and 100 in May. Summers are very hot, with many of the days with highs over 110. Falls are still very warm, with temperatures commonly going over 90 in October.
Snow is rare in the area, occurring once every several years. Lows in the winter occasionally dip below freezing, which may damage some desert plants such as saguaros and other cacti. In the summer (mainly July, August and early September), the North American Monsoon can hit the Phoenix area in the afternoon and evening (possibly continuing overnight), causing rain showers even from a sunny morning. Dust storms are occasional, mainly during the summer.
As of 2010, the U.S. Census Bureau reported that there were 65,275 people residing in the city. 71.9% of the city's population was White, 6.7% were Black, 1.3% were Native American, and 4.3% were Asian. 27.8% were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 25,027 housing units in the city. 31% of the population is between ages 35 and 49.
As of 2000[update], there were 18,911 people, 6,179 households, and 4,986 families residing in the city. The population density was 162.4 people per square mile (62.7/km²). There were 6,771 housing units at an average density of 58.1 per square mile (22.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 78.13% White, 5.20% African American, 1.06% Native American, 1.71% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 10.87% from other races, and 2.95% from two or more races. 20.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 6,179 households out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.1% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.3% were non-families. 14.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the city, the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 34.1% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 103.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $57,492, and the median income for a family was $60,707. Males had a median income of $40,702 versus $28,410 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,506. About 3.6% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.7% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
Goodyear has a council-manager form of government. The current mayor is Georgia Lord, who served a term from 2009–13 and was re-elected in 2012 for another four-year term. The mayor has a two-term limit. The vice mayor of the city is Sheri Lauritano, who was elected in 2015. There are six councilmembers, with three-term limits.
Several school districts serve the city of Goodyear. Elementary school districts include Avondale Elementary School District, Liberty Elementary School District, Litchfield Elementary School District, and Mobile Elementary School District. High school districts include Agua Fria Union High School District and Buckeye Union High School District.
- Mabel Padgett Elementary School
- Palm Valley Elementary School
- Desert Star Elementary School
- Centerra Mirage S.T.E.M Academy
- Copper Trails Elementary School
- Desert Thunder Elementary School
- Estrella Mountain Elementary School
- Westar Elementary School
- Western Sky Middle School
- Wildflower Elementary School
- Odyssey Preparatory Academy
Colleges and universities
Franklin Pierce University has had a campus here since 2008, when the New Hampshire-based university signed a lease with the city to purchase 30 acres (120,000 m2) of land. It offers a Doctor of Physical Therapy program and other health-care related programs.
Goodyear is known as a site for professional baseball teams' spring training sessions. The Cleveland Indians of Major League Baseball's American League moved their spring training facility to Goodyear from Winter Haven, Florida and rejoined the Cactus League in February 2009, after a 15-year absence. Before that, the Indians held spring training for many years in Tucson.
On April 7, 2008, Goodyear's city council unanimously approved a memorandum to fund a new $33 million baseball spring training complex for Major League Baseball's Cincinnati Reds and Cleveland Indians. This includes a 10,000-seat park, Goodyear Ballpark, that opened in 2009. The Reds and the Indians have separate offices, clubhouses and practice fields. The Indians had held their spring training in Tucson for many years until moving to Winter Haven in 1993. They agreed in 2006 to return their spring training location to Arizona at Goodyear.
The Goodyear Centennials, of the Freedom Pro Baseball League, play their home games at the Goodyear Ballpark. Two other baseball teams in the Arizona League, the Arizona League Indians and the Arizona League Reds, also play at the stadium.
Phoenix Goodyear Airport is located here. It has an 8,500 ft runway capable of handling large jet aircraft. This airport, used by many international airlines for aircraft maintenance and storage, has no active commercial air service.
Union Pacific operates a railroad that goes through Goodyear. Rail lines provide Goodyear with access to 23 states in the western two-thirds of the United States.
Other roads and highways serve the area. Loop 303 starts as Cotton Lane then heads up north to Surprise and then to Interstate 17. Van Buren Street, McDowell, Indian School and Camelback Roads are major arterial roads leading from the extreme western Phoenix area to past Scottsdale, in the east. MC 85 (Maricopa County Highway 85) is a highway running from Arizona State Route 85 in Buckeye to central Phoenix. The highway passes the southern sections of Goodyear.
Interstate 10 was built through Goodyear in the late 20th century. Between 2008 and 2014, the road had significant expansions. It was expanded from 2 lanes in each direction to 5 or 6 (including one HOV lane starting near Loop 303 going east). There were also new interchanges, including Exit 122 (Perryville Road), Exit 123 (Citrus Road) and Exit 125 (Sarival Avenue).
Loop 303 improvement
The Arizona Department of Transportation built a new interchange near the Interstate 10/Loop 303 junctions. The interchange is being expanded from a diamond interchange to a stack interchange. As a result, Loop 303 under Interstate 10 was cleared, and Exit 124 on Interstate 10 has been shut down; the new interchange was completed in 2014.
South of Interstate 10, Loop 303 is being planned to extend to a future State Route 30.
State Route 801
- Mitchell Watt, Buffalo Bulls player from Desert Edge High School
- Carrick Felix, former Arizona State Sun Devils men's basketball and current Cleveland Cavaliers player
- Rick Manning, former MLB player and current baseball broadcaster
- Movies at the Ballpark
- Dry Heat Comedy Nights
- Family Concert Series
- Spring Training Baseball
- Ballet Under the Stars
- Skate Fest
- Heart and Sole Run
- Goodyear Lakeside Music Fest
- Star Spangled Banner July 4 Event
- The Art of Cultures Festival
- Tres Rios
- Home Plate for the Holidays
- Wag and Tag
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Goodyear, AZ – Official Website – Goodyear at a Glance". Archived from the original on September 23, 2012. Retrieved December 18, 2012.
- "Goodyear, AZ – Official Website – History". Archived from the original on May 29, 2013. Retrieved December 17, 2012.
- "Goodyear, AZ – Official Website – Housing". Archived from the original on March 11, 2013. Retrieved December 18, 2012.
- "Goodyear, AZ – Official Website – Demographics and Growth". Archived from the original on September 24, 2012. Retrieved December 18, 2012.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "Goodyear, AZ – Official Website – Attractions – Goodyear Area". Retrieved December 18, 2012.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- "Goodyear city, Arizona QuickLinks from the US Census Bureau". Retrieved December 18, 2012.
- "Goodyear, AZ – Official Website – Mayor and Council". Archived from the original on May 29, 2013. Retrieved December 17, 2012.
- "Arizona State Prison Complex- Perryville." Arizona Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 16, 2010.
- "Death Row Information and Frequently Asked Questions Archived May 27, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.." Arizona Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 16, 2010.
- "Schools & Education." City of Goodyear. Retrieved on March 24, 2009.
- "Schools". Retrieved December 16, 2012.
- "Liberty Elementary SD 25 – AZ – Liberty Home". Archived from the original on June 25, 2012. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
- "Agua Fria Union High School District – Agua Fria Union High School District Home". Retrieved December 16, 2012.
- "Goodyear, AZ – Official Website – Education". Archived from the original on September 21, 2012. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
- "Franklin Pierce University in Goodyear Arizona – Franklin Pierce University". Retrieved January 20, 2013.
- Transit Book. Valley Metro. July 2012. Retrieved August 26, 2012.
- "Loop 303 South of I-10". Retrieved December 18, 2012.
- "Valley Freeways (State Route 801)". Retrieved December 18, 2012.
- All About Phoenix Trotting Park
- Goodyear Arizona History Wingfoot House