|Initial release||August 28, 2006(as "Google Apps for Your Domain")|
|Type||Online office suite|
|License||Trialware (Retail, volume licensing)|
Google Workspace, formerly known as G Suite, is a collection of cloud computing, productivity and collaboration tools, software and products developed and marketed by Google. It was first launched in 2006 as Google Apps for Your Domain and rebranded as G Suite in 2016. Google Workspace consists of Gmail, Contacts, Calendar, Meet and Chat for communication; Currents for employee engagement; Drive for storage; and the Google Docs suite for content creation. An Admin Panel is provided for managing users and services. Depending on edition Google Workspace may also include the digital interactive whiteboard Jamboard and an option to purchase such add-ons as the telephony service Voice. The education edition adds a learning platform Google Classroom and as of October 2020 retains the name G Suite for Education.
While most of these services are individually available at no cost to consumers who use their free Google (Gmail) accounts, Google Workspace adds enterprise features such as custom email addresses at a domain (e.g. @yourcompany.com), an option for unlimited Drive storage, additional administrative tools and advanced settings, as well as 24/7 phone and email support.
Being based in Google's data centers, data and information are saved directly and then synchronized to other data centers for backup purposes. Unlike the free, consumer-facing services, Google Workspace users do not see advertisements while using the services, and information and data in Google Workspace accounts do not get used for advertisement purposes. Furthermore, Google Workspace administrators can fine-tune security and privacy settings.
From February 10, 2006, Google started testing "Gmail for Your Domain" at San Jose City College, hosting Gmail accounts with SJCC domain addresses and admin tools for account management. On August 28, 2006, Google launched Google Apps for Your Domain, a set of apps for organizations. Available for free as a beta service, it included Gmail, Google Talk, Google Calendar, and the Google Page Creator, which was later replaced with Google Sites. Dave Girouard, then Google's vice president and general manager for enterprise, outlined its benefits for business customers: "Organizations can let Google be the experts in delivering high quality email, messaging, and other web-based services while they focus on the needs of their users and their day-to-day business". Google announced an edition for schools, then known as Google Apps for Education, on October 10, 2006.
On February 22, 2007, Google introduced Google Apps Premier Edition, which differed from the free version by offering more storage (10 GB per user), APIs for business integration, 99.9% uptime for Gmail, and 24/7 phone support. It cost $50 per user account per year. According to Google, early adopters of Google Apps Premier Edition included Procter & Gamble, San Francisco Bay Pediatrics, and Salesforce.com. Additionally, all editions of Google Apps were then able to use Google Documents and Spreadsheets, users could access Gmail on BlackBerry mobile devices, and administrators gained more application control. Further enhancements came, on June 25, 2007, when Google added a number of features to Google Apps, including mail migration from external IMAP servers, shared address books, a visual overhaul of Google Docs and Google Sheets, and increased Gmail attachment size. A ZDNet article noted that Google Apps now offered a tool for switching from the popular Exchange Server and Lotus Notes, positioning Google as an alternative to Microsoft and IBM. On October 3, 2007, a month after acquiring Postini, Google announced that the startup's email security and compliance options had been added to Google Apps Premier Edition. Customers now had the ability to better configure their spam and virus filtering, implement retention policies, restore deleted messages, and give administrators access to all emails.
On June 9, 2009, Google launched Google Apps Sync for Microsoft Outlook, a plugin that allows customers to synchronize their email, calendar, and contacts data between Outlook and Google Apps. Less than a month later, on July 7, 2009, Google announced that the services included in Google Apps—Gmail, Google Calendar, Google Docs, and Google Talk—were out of beta.
Google opened the Google Apps Marketplace, on March 9, 2010, which is an online store for third-party business applications that integrate with Google Apps, to make it easier for users and software to do business in the cloud. Participating vendors included Intuit, Appirio, and Atlassian. On July 26, 2010, Google introduced an edition for governments, then-known as Google Apps for Government, which was designed to meet the public sector's unique policy and security needs. It was also announced that Google Apps had become the first suite of cloud applications to receive Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA) certification and accreditation.
Nearly five years after the launch of Google Apps, on April 26, 2011, Google announced that organizations with more than 10 users were no longer eligible for the free edition of Google Apps. They would have to sign up for the paid version, now known as Google Apps for Business. A flexible billing plan was also introduced, giving customers the option of paying $5 per user per month with no contractual commitment.
On March 28, 2012, Google launched Google Vault, an optional electronic discovery and archiving service for Google Apps for Business customers. And then, on April 24, 2012, Google introduced Google Drive, a platform for storing and sharing files. Each Google Apps for Business user was given 5GB of Drive storage, with the option to purchase more. Later that year, Google announced that the free version of Google Apps would no longer be available to new customers.
Google unified the storage between Drive and Gmail, on May 13, 2013, giving Google Apps customers 30GB total that are shared across the apps.
On March 10, 2014, Google launched the Google Apps Referral Program, which offers participating individuals a $15 referral bonus for each new Google Apps user they refer. Google, on June 25, 2014, announced Drive for Work, a new Google Apps offering featuring unlimited file storage, advanced audit reporting, and new security controls for $10 per user per month.
Google Enterprise, the company's business product division, was officially renamed Google for Work on September 2, 2014. Eric Schmidt, then Google's executive chairman said, "we never set out to create a traditional 'enterprise' business—we wanted to create a new way of doing work (...) so the time has come for our name to catch up with our ambition".
Google announced that Google Apps would be rebranded as G Suite on September 29, 2016. Then, on October 25, 2016, Google launched the first hardware product for G Suite, the Jamboard; a 55-inch digital whiteboard connected to the cloud.
Google announced that G Suite would be rebranded as Google Workspace on October 6, 2020, and that Workspace would emphasize increased integration between the apps, such as the ability to create Docs from within Chats, or start a Meet call from within a presentation. As part of the rebranding, the iconic logos for Gmail, Google Drive, Google Docs, Google Calendar, Google Meet, and other products in Google Workspace were changed. These new logos corresponded to the similar changes which happened in Google Maps and Google Photos. The logo redesigns were met with mixed reactions by end users.
Google Workspace comprises Gmail, Chat, Meet, Calendar; Drive for storage; Docs, Sheets, Slides, Forms, and Sites for collaboration; and an Admin panel and Vault for managing users and the services.
The Starter plan includes email addresses with custom domains (@yourcompany.com), video and voice calls, calendars, 30GB storage, collaborative documents, spreadsheets, presentations and sites, controls for security and privacy, and 24/7 phone and email support. The Business Plus plan enables many additional custom features, including advanced admin controls for Drive, 5TB storage on Drive, audit and reporting insights for Drive content and sharing, custom message retention policies, and more. Enterprise-level customers receive S/MIMI encryption, noise cancellation in Meet, and as much storage as they need.
Gmail is a web-based email service, launched in a limited beta release on April 1, 2004. With over 1 billion active consumer users worldwide in February 2016, it has become popular for giving users large amounts of storage space, and for having threaded conversations and robust search capabilities.
As part of Google Workspace, Gmail comes with additional features designed for business use, including:
- Email addresses with the customer's domain name (@yourcompany.com)
- 99.9% guaranteed uptime with zero scheduled downtime for maintenance
- 30GB of storage space
- 24/7 phone and email support
- Synchronization compatibility with Microsoft Outlook and other email providers
- Support for add-ons that integrate third-party apps purchased from the Google Workspace Marketplace with Gmail
Google Drive is a file storage and synchronization service, launched on April 24, 2012. The official announcement described Drive as "a place where you can create, share, collaborate, and keep all of your stuff".
With Google Drive, users can upload any type of file to the cloud, share them with others, and access them from any computer, tablet, or smartphone. Users can sync files between their device and the cloud with apps for Microsoft Windows and Apple macOS computers, and Android and iOS smartphones and tablets.
- Either 30GB, 2TB, 5TB per user, or unlimited storage, depending on the plan
- Advanced admin controls, depending on the plan
- Audit and reporting insights for Drive content and sharing, depending on the plan
Google Docs, Sheets and Slides
Google Docs, Google Sheets and Google Slides are a word processor, a spreadsheet and a presentation program respectively. The three programs originate from company acquisitions in 2006, and are today integrated into Google Drive as part of the Google Docs suite. They all serve as collaborative software that allow users to view and edit documents, spreadsheets and presentations together in real-time through a web browser or mobile device. Changes are saved automatically, with a revision history keeping track of changes. There is also the capability to set user permission levels to designate who can view, comment or edit the document as well as permissions to download the specific document. Google Forms, meanwhile, is a tool that allows collecting information from users via a personalized survey or quiz. The information is then collected and automatically connected to a spreadsheet. The spreadsheet is populated with the survey and quiz responses.
In June 2014, Google introduced Office support in Google Docs, Sheets, and Slides without the need for file conversion. Writing for TechCrunch, Frederic Lardinois wrote that "Google is clearly positioning its apps as a more affordable solutions for companies that need to occasionally edit Office files".
As part of Google Workspace, Google Docs and Slides come with additional features designed for business use, including unlimited revision history. Google Workspace also has garnered a strong following in education, with over 70 million users by 2017.
Google Forms is a survey application. Forms features all of the collaboration and sharing features found in Docs, Sheets, and Slides. It can also be used to create quizzes, including some specialized functions that are of use in educational settings.
Google Sites is a creation tool that allows multiple people to create and edit websites, without requiring coding knowledge or other web design skills. It was introduced in February 2008 in an effort to help customers "quickly gather a variety of information in one place – including videos, calendars, presentations, attachments, and text – and easily share it for viewing or editing with a small group, their entire organization, or the world."
Google Calendar is an online calendar intended to help keep track of time and schedules. It was launched in April 2006, and integrates with Gmail for users to easily add events from email messages directly to the calendar.
As part of Google Workspace, Google Calendar comes with additional features designed for business use, including:
- Smart scheduling of meetings, where the service finds available times and appropriate locations based on coworkers' schedules
- Public calendars for consumers to see a business' upcoming events
- Calendar integration with Google Sites
- Easy migration from Exchange, Outlook or iCal, or from .ics and .csv files
- Ability to see what meeting rooms and shared resources are available
Google Chat is a communication software developed by Google built for teams that provides direct messages and team chat rooms, similar to competitors Slack and Microsoft Teams, along with a group messaging function that allows G Drive content sharing (Google Docs, Google Sheets, Google Slides).
Google Meet is a standards-based Video Conferencing application, using proprietary protocols for video, audio and data transcoding. Google have partnered with Pexip to provide interoperability between the Google protocol and standards-based SIP/H.323 protocols to enable communications between Hangouts Meet and other Video Conferencing equipment and software.
Google Currents lets team members "engage and communicate" at "a deeper level", with a stream featuring posts, comments and Communities based on common goals. It "makes it easy for anyone to discuss and share ideas, no matter their team, level or location". It features Collections that make it easy to group posts by topic, in order for users to "show what they know and follow what matters most".
- Integration with Google Docs to easily access Keep notes while on Docs on the web
Vault gives users "an easy-to-use and cost-effective solution for managing information critical to your business and preserving important data", with Google stating that it can "reduce the costs of litigation, regulatory investigation and compliance actions" by saving and managing Gmail messages and chat logs with the ability to search and manage data based on filters, such as terms, dates, senders, recipients, and labels.
An update in June 2014 let Vault customers search, preview, copy, and export files in Google Drive.
In October 2016, Google announced Jamboard, the first hardware product designed for Google Workspace. Jamboard is a digital interactive whiteboard that enables collaborative meetings and brainstorming. The Jamboard is connected to the cloud, and enables people in different locations to work together in real-time through multiple Jamboards or connected remotely through a smartphone companion app. The Jamboard recognizes different touch inputs, such as using a stylus to sketch or eraser to start over, and does not require batteries or pairing. The Jamboard is a 55-inch 4K display with a built-in HD camera, speakers and Wi-Fi.
Google Workspace Marketplace
Google Workspace Marketplace (formerly Google Apps Marketplace and then G Suite Marketplace), launched in 2010, is an online store with business-oriented cloud applications that augment G Suite functionality. The Marketplace lets administrators browse for, purchase, and deploy integrated cloud applications. It comprises the Business Tools, Productivity, Education, Communication, and Utilities categories.
In September 2014, Google released a blog post saying that employees would be able to install third-party apps from the Marketplace without involving administrators.
Introduced in February 2017, Google Cloud Search enables a "unified search experience" in Google Workspace. Cloud Search lets users search for information across the entire G Suite product lineup. Users can also search for contacts, with results including the person's contact details, as well as events and files in common. The Cloud Search mobile app features "assist cards", described by Google as "a new way to help you find the right information at the right time. Using Google's machine intelligence technology, these cards can help you prepare for an upcoming meeting or even suggest files that need your attention". Google states that Cloud Search respects file-sharing permissions, meaning that users will only see results for files they have access to. The initial global roll-out of Cloud Search introduced the functionality for G Suite Business and Enterprise customers, with Google stating that more functionality will be added over time, including support for third-party applications.
Introduced in July 2017, Hire by Google was a job applications and management tool developed by Google to be used in combination with G Suite. The tool lets employers track job candidates' contact information, as well as résumés, calendar invitations, and allows for business partners to share feedback on candidates. Job applicants can choose what information to share with potential employers. The tool is designed for businesses based in the United States with fewer than 1,000 employees, and integrates with Google services, such as Gmail for sending messages, Google Calendar for tracking schedules, Google Sheets for overview of all candidates, and Google Hangouts for initial conversations. Google introduced Work Insights in September 2018 for administrators to see how departments are using Google products. In August 2019, Google announced that it would be shutting down Hire in September 2020, instead choosing to focus on "other products in the Google Cloud portfolio".
Security and privacy
Google states that "we do not collect, scan or use your G Suite data for advertising purposes and do not display ads in G Suite, Education, or Government core services". Furthermore, it states that "the data that companies, schools and government agencies put into our G Suite services does not belong to Google. Whether it's corporate intellectual property, personal information or a homework assignment, Google does not own that data and Google does not sell that data to third parties".
Data is stored in Google's data centers, which are "built with custom-designed servers, that run our own operating system for security and performance", with "more than 550 full-time security and privacy professionals". In a blog post, Google stated that benefits of using G Suite included "disaster recovery", with data and information "simultaneously replicated in two data centers at once, so that if one data center fails, we nearly instantly transfer your data over to the other one that's also been reflecting your actions." Though acknowledging that "no backup solution from us or anyone else is absolutely perfect", Google states that it has "invested a lot of effort to help make it second to none".
At its introduction in June 2014, TechCrunch reported that Google Drive, as part of G Suite, offers "enterprise-grade security and compliance", including SSAE 16 / ISAE 3402 Type II, SOC 2-audit, ISO 27001 certification, adherence to the Safe Harbor Privacy Principles, and can support industry-specific requirements like Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). In October 2020, Google announed the new Business Plus pricing tier for Workspace that includes enhanced security features and controls like Vault and Advanced Endpoint Management, but not the full security options available in Enterprise editions of Workspace.
In September 2014, Amit Singh, then-President of then-named Google for Work, stated that "60 percent of the Fortune 500" companies were paying for the service, with "more than 1,800 customers" signing up each week.
Referral and partner programs
In March 2014, Google announced the Google Apps Referral Program in the United States and Canada. The program lets users receive money, coupons and other incentives by referring customers to G Suite.
In December 2014, Google introduced the Google for Work and Education Partner Program. The program combined existing, individual programs from Apps, Chrome, Cloud Platform, Maps, and Search into one overall program, and "allows partners to better sell, service and innovate across the Google for Work and Education suite of products and platforms".
In an August 2011 review, PC World's Tony Bradley wrote that "the value of a rival platform such as Google Apps hinges on how compatible it is with Microsoft Office formatting conventions and file types", praising Google for having "gone to great lengths to improve fidelity with Microsoft Office, but it hasn't gone far enough", criticizing "many features" for being reformatted, including "tables of contents, footnotes, or inserted images". Bradley praised Google's collaborative apps, writing that it was "besting what Microsoft offers in Office 365". Regarding the price, he wrote that "Google's package is the best value. The annual pricing of $50 per user per year makes it about a third less per user per year than Office 365, yet it boasts equivalent functionality sufficient for most small and medium organizations".
Gary Marshall of TechRadar commented in 2016 that "Where Office tries to do everything imaginable, Google's suite is much more basic. That said, it's much more powerful than it was when the package debuted in 2006, but the emphasis on simplicity and speed remains." Marshall wrote that "We wouldn't want to craft a massive, complicated manuscript in Google Docs, but then that isn't what Docs is designed to do. It's a fast and user-friendly way to create everyday documents and to share them with colleagues and clients", and that fellow service Google Sheets "covers the most common Excel functions [...] but doesn't have the power of Microsoft's offering". Marshall praised collaboration for being "effortless", and praised importing of external file formats and making those editable and collaborative for being a "big selling point".
PC Magazine's Eric Grevstad wrote that "what's online is what you get", adding that "configuring them to [work offline] is a rigmarole". He stated that the package was "an illustration of software's version of the 80/20 rule [...] 80 percent of users will never need more than 20 percent of the features". He stated that "comparing [G Suite] to Office 2016 is like bringing a handgun to a cannon fight [...] Microsoft's PC-based suite is designed to have almost every feature anyone might ever need; Google's online suite is designed to have most features most people use daily."
Tom's Hardware's James Gaskin wrote that "like most Google products, it can claim the cleanest and most minimal interface in the market", and "No other suite except Office 365 can get close to the ease of collaboration Google provides. And even Microsoft's product trails by a wide margin as changes only appear in real-time in Word 2016, not the other apps". Conclusively, he wrote: "The progress made between the first Google App release and now has been considerable. As the world moves to more and more mobile computing, Google has a distinct advantage. But tradition dies hard, and those who build more than basic documents, spreadsheets, and presentations will remain tied to their desktops and laptops for the time being."
After Google+ was launched, many articles were published that emphasized that having a presence on Google+ helped with the business' Google search result rankings. Particularly public-facing Pages and +1 buttons were pushed as effective marketing strategies.
However, writing for The New York Times, Quentin Hardy said that "the sour grapes version is that Google Plus isn’t getting anything like the buzz or traffic of Facebook, so Google is figuring out other ways to make the service relevant". However, Hardy did note that the integration between Google+ and other, more popular Google services, including Hangouts, meant "it’s still early on, but it’s easy to see how this could be an efficient way to bring workers to a virtual meeting, collaborate during it and embed in a calendar the future work commitments and follow-up that result".
The key competitor to the Google suite is Microsoft Office 365, Microsoft's cloud-based offering for businesses that includes similar products. The key differences are in the pricing plans, storage space and number of features.
As noted by TechRepublic in 2013, pricing plans differ in that "Google Apps has a quick and easy pricing plan for their standard Google Apps for Business package: $5 per user per month or $50 per user per year ... In contrast, Office 365 has a multitude of plans (six as of September, 2013) which can be both good and bad since it provides flexibility but also involves some complexity to figure out the best choice". Storage space varies because "Office 365 gives users 50 GB of space in Outlook and 1 TB in OneDrive. Google Apps provides 30 GB of space which is spread among Gmail, Drive and Picasa". And regarding features, it states that "Office 365 has the advantage for plenty of users who have been familiar with Word, Excel and the rest of the gang for years; there is less of a learning curve than with Google Apps if the latter represents a brand new experience ... However, it's also true that Office is notorious for being loaded with complex, unused features which can cause confusion, so the familiarity many will embrace also comes with something of a price, especially if companies are paying for advanced packages not all employees will use. By contrast, Google Apps programs are fairly easy to learn and intuitive, but may feel too awkward for those who are hard-coded to work in Office." Stephen Shankland of CNET wrote in 2014 that "It's hard to compare Google Apps' success to that of Microsoft Office since Google doesn't release revenue or user figures".
- "Announcing Google Workspace, everything you need to get it done, in one location". Google Cloud Blog. Retrieved 2020-10-06.
- "Google Launches Hosted Communications Services". Google. August 28, 2006. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- "Products". G Suite by Google Cloud. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- "Choose a Plan". G Suite by Google Cloud. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- "Announcing Google Workspace, everything you need to get it done, in one location". Google Cloud Blog. Retrieved 2020-10-06.
- Hannon, Stephanie (February 10, 2006). "Big mail on campus". Official Google Blog. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- "Google Announces Education News at Educause". Google. October 10, 2006. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- "Google Introduces New Business Version of Popular Hosted Applications". Google. February 22, 2007. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- "Google Apps Gets Mail Migration, Dozens of New Features". Google. June 25, 2007. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Berlind, David (June 25, 2007). "Google improves 'Apps', offers organizations clear path off Exchange, Notes, etc. to GMail". ZDNet. CBS Interactive. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- "Google Adds Postini's Security and Compliance Capabilities to Google Apps™". Google. October 3, 2007. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- "Google Sets Its Sites on Google Apps". Google. February 28, 2008. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Orth, Eric (June 9, 2009). "Use Microsoft Outlook with Google Apps for email, contacts, and calendar". Official Google Cloud Blog. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Glotzbach, Matthew (July 7, 2009). "Google Apps is out of beta (yes, really)". Official Google Blog. Google. Retrieved October 16, 2017.
- Vander Mey, Chris (March 9, 2010). "Open for business: the Google Apps Marketplace". Official Google Blog. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Krishnan, Kripa (July 26, 2010). "Introducing Google Apps for Government". Official Google Blog. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Middleton, Hunter (April 26, 2011). "Helping small businesses start and manage Google Apps for Business". Official Google Cloud Blog. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Halprin, Jack (March 28, 2012). "Google Apps Vault Brings Information Governance to Google Apps". Official Google Cloud Blog. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Johnston, Scott (April 24, 2012). "Introducing Google Drive, the newest member of Google Apps". Official Google Cloud Blog. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Bavor, Clay (December 6, 2012). "Changes to Google Apps for businesses". Official Google Cloud Blog. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Bavor, Clay (May 13, 2013). "Bringing it all together for Google Apps customers: 30GB shared between Drive and Gmail". Official Google Cloud Blog. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Parekh, Prajesh (March 10, 2014). "Introducing the Google Apps Referral Program: Share a better way of working with customers, friends and networks". Official Google Cloud Blog. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Singh, Amit (June 25, 2014). "Bringing the best of Google to work". Official Google Cloud Blog. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Schmidt, Eric (September 2, 2014). "Introducing Google for Work (the artist formerly known as Enterprise)". Official Google Cloud Blog. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Perez, Sarah; Lardinois, Frederic (September 29, 2016). "Google rebrands its business apps as G Suite, upgrades apps & announces Team Drive". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Varghese, TJ (October 25, 2016). "Jamboard — the whiteboard, reimagined for collaboration in the cloud". The Keyword Google Blog. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- "Google Gets the Message, Launches Gmail". Google. April 1, 2004. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Lardinois, Frederic (February 1, 2016). "Gmail Now Has More Than 1B Monthly Active Users". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Bavor, Clay (May 13, 2013). "Bringing it all together: 15 GB now shared between Drive, Gmail, and Google+ Photos". Google Drive Blog. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Elias, Isaac (May 21, 2012). "Improved search in Gmail". Official Gmail Blog. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Moolenaar, Bram (October 15, 2012). "Find your stuff faster in Gmail and Search". Official Gmail Blog. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- "Gmail for business". G Suite by Google Cloud. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Panchapakesan, Venkat (April 3, 2013). "Pure and Proven Cloud: Gmail Availability in 2012". Official Google Cloud Blog. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- As, Thijs van (March 9, 2017). "Bring the power of your apps into Gmail with Add-ons". G Suite Developers Blog. Google. Retrieved March 10, 2017.
- Bohn, Dieter (March 9, 2017). "Native Gmail add-ons are coming — but they'll be business focused to start". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved March 10, 2017.
- Lardinois, Frederic (March 9, 2017). "Google adds add-on support to Gmail". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved March 10, 2017.
- Pichai, Sundar (April 24, 2012). "Introducing Google Drive... yes, really". Official Google Blog. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- "Google Drive for business". G Suite by Google Cloud. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Mazzon, Jen (March 9, 2006). "Writely so". Official Google Blog. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- "Google Announces limited test on Google Labs: Google Spreadsheets". Google. June 6, 2006. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Schillace, Sam (April 17, 2007). "We're expecting". Official Google Blog. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- "Create a survey using Google Forms". Docs editor Help. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Tabone, Ryan (June 25, 2014). "Work with any file, on any device, any time with new Docs, Sheets, and Slides". Google Drive Blog. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Lardinois, Frederic (August 25, 2014). "Google Brings Native MS Office Editing Features To Its iOS Productivity Apps, Launches Slides For iOS". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- "Google Docs for business". G Suite by Google Cloud. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- "Google Slides for business". G Suite by Google Cloud. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- "Google says its G Suite for Education now has 70M users". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2019-08-13.
- "A new generation of Chromebooks, designed for millions of students and educators". Google. 2017-01-24. Retrieved 2019-08-13.
- "About Fusion Tables". Fusion Tables Help. Google. Retrieved January 14, 2017.
- "Google Docs Support". Google. Google. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
- Sjogreen, Carl (April 13, 2006). "It's about time". Official Google Blog. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- "Google Calendar for business". G Suite by Google Cloud. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- de Looper, Christian. "Google will begin shutting down the classic Hangouts app in October". DigitalTrends.com. Archived from the original on August 4, 2019. Retrieved September 5, 2019.
- "Google Chat upgrade timeline - G Suite Admin Help". support.google.com. Retrieved 2020-08-15.
- "Google Hangouts to Anything Video Conferencing Blog". VideoCentric. June 18, 2018.
- "Google Currents". Google Workspace. Google. Retrieved October 6, 2020.
- Cai, Michael (November 5, 2013). "Private conversations with restricted Google+ communities". Official Google Cloud Blog. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Sanker, Kyle (March 19, 2019). "Shutting down Google+ for consumer (personal) accounts on April 2, 2019". Oi Marketing. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
- Amadeo, Ron (March 20, 2013). "Hands-On With Google Keep For Android: Notes, Checklists, Voice Notes, Pictures, Widgets, And Voice Actions Integration". Android Police. Retrieved March 1, 2017.
- Anima, Mario (February 28, 2017). "Capture ideas in Google Keep, bring them to life in Google Docs". The Keyword Google Blog. Google. Retrieved March 1, 2017.
- Perez, Sarah (February 28, 2017). "Google's note-taking app Keep joins G Suite, now integrates with Google Docs". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved March 1, 2017.
- Hsieh, Deborah (January 22, 2014). "Introducing targeted legal holds for Google Apps Vault". Official Google Cloud Blog. Google. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Protalinski, Emil (January 22, 2014). "Google Apps Vault gets targeted legal holds to let organizations keep specific information in emails". The Next Web. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- "Introducing Google Apps Vault for Drive". G Suite Updates. Google. June 25, 2014. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Moynihan, Tim (October 25, 2016). "Google Jamboard Is a Huge 4K Screen You Can Scribble On". Wired. Condé Nast. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Mey, Chris Vander (March 9, 2010). "Open for business: the Google Apps Marketplace". Official Google Blog. Google. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Siegler, MG (March 9, 2010). "Google Apps Marketplace: Instantly Connect Your App To 25 Million Users, Profit". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- "About G Suite Marketplace". G Suite Administrator Help. Google. Retrieved January 21, 2017.
- "G Suite Marketplace". G Suite Marketplace. Google. Retrieved January 21, 2017.
- Han, Chris (September 17, 2014). "Google Apps Marketplace: to administrators and beyond". Official Google Cloud Blog. Google. Retrieved January 21, 2017.
- VerWeyst, Brent (February 7, 2017). "Introducing Google Cloud Search: Bringing the power of Google Search to G Suite customers". The Keyword Google Blog. Google. Retrieved February 22, 2017.
- Palmer, Jordan (February 7, 2017). "Google Cloud Search is the latest addition to the G Suite, brings the power of search to internal workflow". Android Police. Retrieved February 22, 2017.
- Garun, Natt (July 18, 2017). "Google publicly launches Hire, a job applicant management tool". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
- Novet, Jordan (July 18, 2017). "Google rolls out HR software based on tech from Diane Greene's old company". CNBC. NBCUniversal News Group. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
- Dunn, Jack. "Google launches Work Insights for G Suite". Retrieved 2018-11-29.
- Peters, Jay (2019-08-28). "Google Hire is the next Google tool to be shut down". The Verge. Retrieved 2020-10-28.
- "FAQs for G Suite users". G Suite by Google Cloud. Google. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Sheth, Rajen (March 4, 2010). "Disaster Recovery by Google". Official Google Cloud Blog. Google. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Lardinois, Frederic (June 25, 2014). "Google Launches Drive For Work With Unlimited Storage For $10/Month". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Lardinois, Frederic (January 26, 2017). "More than 3M businesses now pay for Google's G Suite". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Clark, Bryan (January 27, 2017). "Google just passed 3M businesses paying for G Suite". The Next Web. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Lardinois, Frederic (January 24, 2017). "Google says its G Suite for Education now has 70M users". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Miller, Chance (January 24, 2017). "Google reveals that G Suite for Education now has over 70 million active users". 9to5Google. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Metz, Cade (September 2, 2014). "Google Reboots Its Business Software Operation as 'Google for Work'". Wired. Condé Nast. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Campbell, Kelly (July 22, 2014). "Working on the go gets easier with Google and Uber". Official Google Cloud Blog. Google. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Hartley, Dan (October 27, 2014). "AllSaints puts Google Drive to work for its global fashion creative process". Official Google Cloud Blog. Google. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Bienkowski, Justine (July 7, 2014). "Google Apps and Drive feed the buzz at BuzzFeed". Official Google Cloud Blog. Google. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Edelman, John (September 17, 2012). "Google Apps is the Perfect Fit for Design Within Reach". Official Google Cloud Blog. Google. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Singh, Amit (October 28, 2014). "PwC and Google: bringing transformation to work". Official Google Cloud Blog. Google. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Protalinski, Emil (March 10, 2014). "Google launches referral program for Google Apps, offers $15 for each new user you convince to sign up". The Next Web. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Perez, Juan Carlos (March 11, 2014). "Google launches referral program for Apps suite". PC World. International Data Group. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Sitaram, Murali (December 4, 2014). "Introducing the Google for Work & Education Partner Program". Official Google Cloud Blog. Google. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Lardinois, Frederic (December 4, 2014). "Google Launches Consolidated Partner Program". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Bradley, Tony (August 29, 2011). "Google Apps Review: A Capable Online Productivity Suite at a Good Price". PC World. International Data Group. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Marshall, Gary. "Google Apps for Work (G Suite) 2016 review". TechRadar. Future plc. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Grevstad, Eric (October 17, 2016). "At Home With Google G Suite". PC Magazine. Ziff Davis. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Gaskin, James (August 5, 2016). "Google Apps for Work Suite Review". Tom's Hardware. Purch Group. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- "Seven Ways to Use Google+ at Work". PC World. International Data Group. December 29, 2011. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Shepsko, Kelly (December 13, 2014). "5 Reasons Why Your Business Still Needs Google+". Business2Community. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Bowers, Jessica (December 14, 2014). "3 Ways Google+ Helps Your Business". Business2Community. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Miller, Claire (February 14, 2014). "The Plus in Google Plus? It's Mostly for Google". The New York Times. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Hardy, Quentin (August 29, 2012). "Google Plus Goes to the Office". The New York Times. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Matteson, Scott (October 1, 2013). "10 comparisons between Google Apps and Office 365". TechRepublic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Shankland, Stephen (October 1, 2014). "Google to offer schools, students unlimited storage for free". CNET. CBS Interactive. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Callahan, John (March 31, 2016). "There are now 1.2 billion Office users and 60 million Office 365 commercial customers". Windows Central. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Ben-Aroya, Dvir (November 23, 2020). "How Google Workspace unlocked the market for subscription business software". The Next Web. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
- Beswick, James (2009). Getting Productive With Google Apps. San Francisco, CA: 415 Systems. ISBN 978-1-4404-8676-0.
- Conner, Nancy (2008). Google Apps: The Missing Manual. Sebastopol: Pogue Press. ISBN 978-0-596-51579-9.
- Granneman, Scott (2008). Google Apps Deciphered: Compute in the Cloud to Streamline Your Desktop. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. ISBN 978-0-13-700470-6.
- Meet the father of Google Apps (who used to work at Microsoft)